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INTELLIGENCE- PART 1

Module 9 - Intelligence- PART 1
by

Linda Olson

on 11 October 2016

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Transcript of INTELLIGENCE- PART 1

WECHSLER (1939) Intelligence is the global capacity to act purposefully, to think rationally, and to deal effectively with the environment.

BARBER, 2010 STERNBERG, 2004: Intelligence core is a small set of general mental abilities (g factor) - reasoning, problem solving, knowledge, memory, and successful adaptation to one's surroundings.
Merriam-Webster- Mental Acuteness
Street Smarts.......Horse Sense...Chimp Sense
INTELLIGENCE IS EVOLVING
Fluid Intelligence: The ability to solve novel problems involving perceptual speed or rapid insight.


Crystallized Intelligence:
The the ability to solve problems using
already acquired knowledge.
FLUID VS. CRYSTALLIZED INTELLIGENCE
This intelligence test measures 5 cognitive factors (types of mental abilities that make up general intelligence:
1. Fluid Reasoning - How are a plum and apple alike?
2. Knowledge - knowledge about the world
3. Quantitative Reasoning - Math Problems
4. Visual Spatial Processing - Puzzles
5. Working Memory - Digit Span
Stanford Binet 5 (SB5)
Formula for IQ: Mental Age\Chronological Age X 100= I.Q.

Deviation IQ: I.Q. obtained statistically from a person's relative standing in his or her age group.....i.e. how far above or below average the person's score was relative to other scores.

Stability of I.Q.: I.Q. scores are not really stable in children under age 6.

I.Q. Females vs. Males: Not so much difference in overall intelligence.


TESTING
INFORMATION
INTELLIGENCE- PART 1
APTITUDE TESTS are different from Intelligence because they measure different characteristics.
APTITUDE - Aptitude is a capacity for learning certain abilities....mechanic, music...
PSYCHOMETRIC TEST - ANY SCIENTIFIC MEASUREMENT OF A PERSON'S MENTAL FUNCTIONS.
Test Reliability - the ability of a test to yield the same
score or nearly the same score each time it
is given to the same person.


Test Validity - the ability of a test to measure
what it purports to measure.
Yield a single overall intelligence
- IQ score
This test also provides a composite
score for performance intelligence and a composite score for verbal intelligence.
WECHSLER TESTS OF INTELLIGENCE
Self Recognition in Apes- National Geographic

Michio Kaku on the Evolution of Intelligence
Big Think
Full transcript