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Was Democracy Just a Moment?
Transcript of Was Democracy Just a Moment?
THE NEW AUTHORITARIANISM
DEMOCRACIES ARE VALUE-NEUTRAL
THE SHRINKING DOMAIN OF "POLITICS"
and they "do not always make societies more civil"
THE RETURN OF OLIGARCHY?
The American Century
Christianity, Communism and Democracies
Does the failure of the first empires guarantee the success of democracy in the world?
Is Democracy The Best System To Serve The World?
Is The USA The Best Example Of Democracy In The World?
How can we guarantee that democracy will be fair and universal, therefore not dominated by oligarchies or media?
THE SUDANESE CASE - HISTORY
Reasons Why Democracy Failed
1. Military Regime
2. New Government: Democracy
3. Brutal Military Regime (Civil War)
THE SUDANESE CASE - HISTORY
Literacy rate Education
Unemployement and inflation rates also proved to be reasons why democracy failed:
Other Failure Examples
Thesis Main Point
CHINA X RUSSIA
DICTATORSHIP X DEMOCRACY
The ability of democratic governance
to affect our lives is becoming limited.
As the communities become global and
liberated from geography,
traditional governance and democracy loses meaning.
Similarities between now and a century ago
In the 1880s and 1890s, America experienced great
social and economic “boom”.
The combination between industrialization and urbanization changed the society.
The fortunes made from the 1870s-1890s by John Rockefeller,
Andrew Carnegie and J. P. Morgan (all of them great entrepreneurs and philanthropists) were anchored to a geographic space - America.
J. P. Morgan was limited by the boarders of his country,
but now, there are no limits for the global enterprises.
The free market leads to the concentration of power and resources.
The concentration of power is dangerous not only
in the government, but mostly in the private sector.
Sparta: the forerunner of a totalitarist State
Two-tiered system: an oligarchy and a mass
But what kind of system had Sparta? Oligarchy? Monarchy? Limited Democracy?
And What About Us?
We live in a thin band of social and economical conditions, which include flexibility hierarchies that allow people to move up and down
Is there a Democracy in some African countries?
A New Politics Might Emerge
wide mixture of democracy and authoritarian regimes
The ruling elites generally keep themselves in power, despite the presence of some institutional feautures of democracy. Elections are often not competitive, and political liberties may be constrained.
A New Hybrid Regime May Await Us!
Democracy is gradually being transformed, in part because of technology, once it will give market and individual freedom, so will be required supervision of tyrannies.
On this way, North Americans are intended to transform themselves into something perhaps quite different from what we imagine.
• Authoritarian or hybrid regime will be treated as legitimate if they can provide security for their subjects and economic growth. It is fact that in a world driven increasingly by financial markets, they will easily find acceptance.
• A “world government” has been emerging quietly and organically, as several developments in history.
• Dense growth of international corporations and markets that are becoming the unseen arbiters of power in many countries. Nowadays it is more important for the leader of a developing country to get a hearing before corporate investors at the World Economic Forum than to speak before the UN General Assembly.
• As example, the world’s most efficient peacemaking force belongs not to the UN or even to the great powers, but to a South African corporate mercenary force called “Executive Outcomes”. Not long after Executive Outcomes left Sierra Leone, where only 20.7 percent of adults can read, that country’s so-called model democracy crumbled into military anarchy.
The battle between liberal and neoconservative moralists is a variation of the dispute between liberal humanist
and the monarchist
While Hobbes defended
, Berlin criticized the adhrence to such ideal as the responsible for both Nazism and Communism.
preferable than democracy.
“There's nothing more dangerous than debate in a crowd".
1993 - THE CASE OF PAKISTAN
Before him, both things were lacking in the elected governments of Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif. When the first one came back to power through democratic elections, chaos resumed. In 1996, Sharif was elected and violence started to increase again.
"neither democratic, nor authoritarian"
In the year of 1993, Moeen Qureshi was the Prime Minister, chosen by the President who were backed by the military.
Because Qureshi had no voters to please, he made bold moves that
restored political stability and economic growth.
Should Pakistan go back to its hybrid regime? Or would it be stuck to the options of a semocratic anarchy or military tyranny?
• Of the world´s hundred largest economies, fifty one are corporations.
• The 500 largest corporations account for 70 percent of world trade.
• Corporations are in the forefront of real globalization.
The case of ABB
(Asea Brown Boveri).
ABB is a multinational corporation operating in robotics, power and automation technology areas.
• Present in 140 countries.
• The development of one own global "culture"
• A multicultural environment.
- The definition of democracy
- The legacy of the West
- The future of democracy
IS THERE A FUTURE FOR LIBERAL DEMOCRACY?
STATE AS AN "EMPIRE"
referring among other
STATE BEING RULED BY CORPORATE INTERESTS
SPREAD OUT NATION
with government but without patriotism
Indifferent masses Rise of corporate power
Private property matters Communal life disbanded
Apathy leading to healthy political climate
Apathy as an inner disease
LACK OF VALUES?
Mass culture ruling the world
Bonds of belonging and community
A ruling class without loyalty to the state
How the System Actually Works - Politic Violence
- Democracy threatened by violence. Turkish coups are no longer accepted by the West there is a silent paternalistic intervention of militarism
- Democracy by authoritarian (autocratic). Democracy was taken by Alberto Fugimoro.
- One of the most violent democracies in the world. The homicide rate is 6x higher than the U.S. and 5x higher than in Russia.
THE DEMOCRATIC FARSE
UFRJ - INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS