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Research Investingation in Sport

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by

Oleg Boreisa

on 13 March 2014

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Transcript of Research Investingation in Sport

Aim and Objectives of Project
Aim
- To investigate the preparation stages for competitive bodybuilding.

Objectives:
To establish the accepted stages of preparation for competitive bodybuilding;
To investigate the common practices of current bodybuilders.
Compare the differences and similarities of preparation aspects between established facts and current practice.



Introduction
In 1950’s bodybuilding became a worldwide trend; more and more people started participating in various bodybuilding competitions and attempting to impress the world with their strong muscular bodies. Subsequently, these competitors started developing various bodybuilding preparation workouts. They were mostly consisting of nutrition and training, with some attention focused on motivation and effective teamwork.
Methodology
Questionnaire:

Advantages of questionnaires:
o Time efficient
o Easy to complete and get straightforward answers.
o Large amount of respondent is possible

Disadvantages of questionnaires:
• Do not know the contexts of the answers
• Answers could be too short to make a conclusion






Conclusion
70's - 90's bodybuilders didn't know much about nutrition facts, therefore, they were naturally bigger in size.
In comparison, 70's - 90's bodybuilders didn't have pharmacology while current bodybuilders can get any type of supplements, steroids and etc.
The length of preparation stage mostly depends on athlete's off-season condition.
Bodybuilding requires personal determination, time and understanding of specific body building workout aspects. It is obvious that if someone wants to reach perfection in bodybuilding, he has to control his own eating diet; his every workout has to be planned in advance and done professionally.
Research Investigation in Sport

Bodybuilding Contest Preparation

Methodology
Interview:

Advantages of interviews:
o More detailed information.
o An interviewee can give examples.
o An interview can give explanation why he said so.


Disadvantages of interviews:
• The interview can be time consuming
• Formulation of questions can be difficult.
• An interviewee can refuse to answer particular questions






Books:

Advantages of books:
o Provide a huge amount of information
o All information based on particular researches
o Provide more ideas for topic

Disadvantages of books:
• Researcher has to read through all the book just to find some useful information
• Time consuming


Online journals/articles:

Advantages of online journals:
o Can be easily accessed
o Short amount of text can give straightforward information


Disadvantages of online journals:
• Information can be based only on opinion
• Misleading information can confuse a researcher
• Some of online articles/journals do not provide source of information


Do relatives make an influence on your preparation?
How long does the preparation for a bodybuilding contest take?
How many days a week do you workout?
How long does bulking stage take?
What is your optimal water intake a day?
How often do you change your training programme?
How many hours a day do you spend in the gym?
Do power lifting exercise (bench-press, squads, deadlift) play the main role in your workout?
Which routine do you tend to use more?
According to you, what is the most important criteria during bodybuilding contest?
Bodybuilding is a very demanding sport. It requires you to make sacrifices that can affect your day to day life. Going out for meals, visiting night clubs or going on holiday becomes problematic when trying to follow a bodybuilding diet or training regime.
"The amount of days spent training, however largely depends on the phase of training. I think the question you really need to ask is how long everybody has been training for. As somebody who's been training for 2-3 years will train differently that somebody 6 months to a year.
When you get more advanced you have to train your body parts once every 4/5 days, because then you are more skilled at breaking down muscle tissue" (Andrew Chappell)

As competitor becomes more experienced, typically the length of time someone diets and training time tends to increase. This is not always the case since a lot of depend on the starting position.
The bulking cycle should be continued until you reach your satisfied goal, this could be when you gain two stone in weight or have maximized your muscle growth that is genetically possible. This could be from 2 months up to 6 months or even more, it is totally a personal preference.
"If you making a good process keep doing what you're doing. If not its time to change your program, this could mean lower volume, going from full body to a split, rotating indifferent exercises etc... You might also want to change it up if you're getting bored, as you'll be able to work out more intensely and consistently if you stay excited. " (Andrew Chappell)
I would say that the best way to stimulate gains for most people is by training 1 hour, once a day, with 45 minutes being better for most. Also, after 60 minutes of training the levels of the catabolic hormone increases and testosterone decreases, a hormonal situation that will prevent you from making any gains. (Hugo Rivera, 2009)
Every power lifting exercise is a compound, multi-joint exercise, ensuring that your training sessions are as effective and efficient as possible by recruiting multiple body-parts, including those that are not able to be exhausted in the same way with isolation exercises. These three exercises are the same ones that will help you build the most muscle mass - the only difference is the number of sets and reps, and the recovery period between sets used.
"I do know that, at one point, Arthur Jones recommended training the whole body during one workout and that simply would not work as a bodybuilder." (Dorian Yates)
"It boils down to common sense. Look at the bodybuilders winning shows – whether they’re pros or amateurs or natural competitors – they all follow a basic template: 2-3 exercises per body part, 3-5 sets of 6-12 reps, each set taken just shy of failure, and each body part trained every 3-7 days." (Dave Tate)
"At bodybuilding events, none of the criteria listed are more important than the other. The winner of a bodybuilding show is determined based on the best overall package. Having a large muscular physique means nothing if it lacks symmetry or definition. Likewise if a competitor lacks the ability to present their physique effectively this could go against them where competition is close." (Graham Park)
References
Burke, L. (1995) The complete guide to food for sports performance, 2nd edition, St Leonards: National Library of Australia

Aceto, C. (1996) Championship Bodybuilding, 2nd edition, the United Stated: Morris Publishing

Schwarzenegger, A. (1999) The New Encyclopedia of Modern Bodybuilding, Simon & Schuster Publishing

Rhodes, J. (2009) Bodybuilders Through the Ages, Smithsonian, [Online], Available:
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/bodybuilders-through-the-ages-36952418/, [22 Jan 2014]


Anderson, S (2009) Water Intake Before pre-contest, Muscle Insider , Toronto, [Online], Available:
http://muscle-insider.com/content/water-intake-pre-contest, [28 Nov 2013]

Another important component of a successful bodybuilding preparation is water. It is clear that human body comprised of 70% water, thus water plays a crucial role in building muscle mass. Without water body building competitors are in risk of losing strength. Some scientific studies have shown that body builders, who do not drink enough water, tend to achieve less positive workout results. (Burke, 1995).
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