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Wood Buffalo National Park of Canada
Transcript of Wood Buffalo National Park of Canada
By: Amandeep Purewal
Before I begin....
I would like to remind you that I am here to help you understand why this place is so amazing looking from the aspects of the lands landscape, climate, soil, vegetation and ultimately ecozones, location and wildlife, and some facts that will keep you interested!
Wood Buffalo National Park of Canada, "has four main landscape features which is a glacially eroded plateau, glaciated plains, a major freshwater delta (formed by three major rivers), and alluvial river lowlands" according to UNESCO. Having a major fresh water source is great to have on a landscape for not only humans but also wildlife. During dryer periods, the mudflats are full of by mineral salts. These plains are different and unique compared to other National Parks in Canada.
Wood Buffalo National Park of Canada is apart of the Boreal Plains. This national park of Canada consists of moderate winters and fairly cool summers. In this region light precipitation is expected due to the unstable weather patterns. Overall, the weather is continental, so there isn't a lot of precipitation.
Here are some facts that might interest you:
- has the World's biggest beaver dam
- is the largest National Park in Canada
- is the second largest National Park in the World
-it has the largest number of Wood Bison in the World
- it was established as a National Park of Canada in 1922
Wood Buffalo National Park of Canada's vegetation is described as dynamic. They may tend to respond slower due to the changing environmental conditions of this region, or the disturbance with events such as fire, flooding or high winds. Upland sites there is a Jack Pine Forest which consists of buffalo berry, prickly rose, and bear berry. More damp sites include dogwood and alder more. Over time,
these communities are varied with white
spruce, raspberry and lowbush cranberry. Where ever there is more water, the less nutrients are normally in that area. Pondweeds and duckweed would be found in the aquatic area of this region.
This national park of Canada is in Alberta to the Northwest Territories border between Lake Athabasca and Great Slave Lake. As mentioned, it is the largest National Park in Canada and the second in the world, with an area of 44 807 km (Squared)
Wood Buffalo is located in the Boreal Plains and Taiga Plains ecozones. The high mountains, full forests, cold winds from the north,all effect the climate. The more water this particular area has, the less nutrients there are, and therefore it also takes a part in this regions ecozones.The full forests allow the only living community of wood bison to live and breed, freely. Over that, the whooping crane's only habitat that is suited for there kind is in this national park. The mountains is great factor to the amount of precipitation as moisture is left on the other side of the mountain range. Being a part of the Taiga Plains, which is north, results in cold winds. It is beneficial when in the summer heat the area tends to cooler.
Wood buffalo was established to protect the last of the wood bison, which are roaming freely today inside the National Park of Canada. In 1893 it was estimated that there was less than 500 wood bison left in the entire world, and today there would be 2 100. Other large species include moose, black bears, caribou, wolves and lynx. The Natural Parks and National Historic Sites of Canada says, "The world’s only remaining nesting site of the Whooping Crane is located in the northeastern corner of the park" which shows that this National Park is a wild life protector for more than just the wood bison.
Thank you, for your attention, please consider going to this amazing historical national park of Canada!
"Wood Buffalo National Park of Canada, a nature-filled, family fun park, what better place is there?"