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"The Uncanny"

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Aimee Slater

on 21 August 2015

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Transcript of "The Uncanny"

"The Uncanny"
An Introduction to Freud
Psychoanalysis:
The Oedipus Complex
Freud and the Unconscious/Conscious
Whats Coming Up:
The Uncanny
The Haunting (1964)
The Others (2001)
The Woman In Black (2012)
- Born in 1856, studied in Paris
- Freud developed the theory that humans have an unconscious in which sexual and aggressive impulses are in perpetual conflict for supremacy with the defenses against them.
- Upon Freud's return to Vienna he set up a private practice specialising in nervous and brain disorders
- A theory of psychosexual stages of development
- The Oedipus complex occurs in the phallic stage of psychosexual development between the ages of 3-5.
- The complex was named after the character in Sophoceles, Oedipus Rex.
- Id= eliminates father, Ego= father is much stronger,
Superego= inner moral authority
Director:
James Watkins
Main Cast:
Daniel Radcliffe, Emma Shorey
Mr and Mrs Daly

Lost their son in a tragic accident

Mrs Daly cannot speak of death or children without being consumed with the fear of the uncanny.

The Double of the son attempts to possess her.

Oedipus Complex - The Woman in Black
An Introduction to Freud
A psychoanalysis perspective
The Uncanny- Freud's Essay
The Haunting, The Others & The Women In Black
Oxford Dictionary
Mischievous, Malicious, Careless, Unreliable, Partaking of Supernatural character & Unfamiliar
Webster Dictionary
Supernatural, Beyond the Ordinary, Frightening
Chambers Dictionary
Weird, Supernatural
Freud's Definition of Uncanny
The opposite of Heimlich- Unheimlich- Heimlich means familiar, not strange, belonging to the house, but also means kept hidden, not clearly distinguished

Unheimlich- The means unfamiliar, brought into the light, strange, things not homely.
The double
Repetition Compulsion
Alienation Effect
3 Key Factors of the Uncanny
Alienation Effect
The Uncanny - The Woman in Black
Consists of turning the object from something ordinary, familiar, immediately accessible into something peculiar, striking and unexpected.
Repetition Compulsion
Psychological phenomenon in which a person repeats a traumatic event or its circumstances

Causes the death of children because her own boy died

She was traumatised by the death of her own child that she felt the need to cause the death of other children.


Manifestations of Insanity



The Double
The immortal soul was the first double of the body
The double was originally the insurance against the extinction of the self.
The double has become an object of terror
Lawyer Arthur Kipps still grieves the death of his beloved wife.

His employer gives him a last chance to keep his job.

Arthur goes to the isolated manor and soon he finds that Eel Marsh House is haunted by the vengeful ghost of a woman dressed in black.


Repetition Compulsion
A psychological phenomenon in which a person repeats a traumatic event or its circumstances over and over again

This includes re-enacting the event or putting oneself in situations where the event is likely to happen again
Freud- "people endlessly repeat patterns of behavior which were difficult or distressing in earlier life"
The Uncanny continued...
Manifestations of Insanity
In comes above all perhaps in the uncertainties of silence, solitude & darkness
A feeling of uncanniness can come from coincidences things that felt like they were 'meant to happen'
The uncanny can come from the fear of losing ones eyes and genitals
Being lost in the woods and continually coming back to the same place
Dr. Markway, is doing research to prove the existence of ghosts and goes to investigate hill house.

With him are the skeptical young Luke, the mysterious and clairvoyant Theodora and the insecure Eleanor, whose psychic abilities make her feel somehow attuned to whatever spirits inhabit the old mansion.
Manifestations of Insanity
Eleanor shows signs of manifestations of insanity, through her constant changing in mind, dancing with ghosts and claiming that she 'belongs to the house'
Repetition Compulsion
Eleanor has had a previous experience with a poltergeist and has put herself in a situation where is repeating previous events despite the fear.
The double- in this film the double has become an object of terror

However unlike the other films you never see the ghostly which is contradictory to the uncanny.
Director: Robert Wise
Actors: Julie Harris, Claire Bloom, Richard Johnson & Russ Tamblyn
ACTIVITY
Oedipus Complex

Repetition Compulsion

Acting on a repressed Id

Manifestations of insanity

The Double

Superego – Acts as authority over Ego and Id. Works to suppress unacceptable behaviour and make behaviour civilised.

Ego – Tries to control Id part of the psyche. Ego develops from Id and ensures Id impulses to be expressed in a manner acceptable to the real world.

Id- Repressed unconscious part of the psyche. Includes instinctive behaviour that wishes to maximise pleasure,

To Summarise...
Director: Alejandro Amenabar
Actors: Nicole Kidman, Fionnula Flannigan
Alakina Mann, Christopher Eccleston


Sooner or later they will find you.
Id/Ego/Superego complex applied to character of Eleanor.
The birth mother Jenna then kills herself due to the pain she feels after the loss of her son

This film shows the
negative
effect the
Oedipus Complex
can have on the mother

How difficult it can be for a mother to lose that connection with her son

Through death and not the natural stages that the oedipus complex describes

Repressed Memory: The Others
'Something that should have remained secret and hidden but has returned to light, the return of the repressed’

House isn’t actually haunted by ghosts, and that she is actually a ghost a result of killing herself
Manifestations of Insanity: The Others
Manifestations of insanity are also Uncanny, for example, uncertainties, ghostly occurrences and darkness
Grace mistakenly sees a ghostly figure which no one else can, and once revealed it is her daughter she is upset and thinks she is going crazy.
Immortal Soul: The Others
The immortal soul, or double, is not revealed until the end when Grace comes to realise that she was the double the whole time.
• The people she initially thought were ghosts are in fact real human beings who moved into her house
The uncanny varies in individual situations and experiences therefore each film is subject to the interpretation of the viewer with regards to the uncanny.
Activity 2: The Big Quiz
Question 1:
Name one actor from each of the movies mentioned in this presentation.
Question 2:
Name the uncanny key factor where you re-enact a moment or an event from the past
Question 3:
Give a definition of what the Id is in Freud's theory
Question 4:
What was the full name of the character from greek mythology that inspired freud's theory.
Question 5:
Name three characters from The Woman in Black
Question 6:
Name another film/theater production starring Daniel Radcliffe that is NOT Harry Potter
(Not really related but fun one for you all)
Question 7:
What was the daughter wearing when her mother has manifestations of insanity? (The Others)
Question 8:
Why is Eleanor chosen to be a part of the experiment in the Haunting?
Question 9:
What are the two German terms Freud uses to describe the uncanny?
Bonus FUN question :)
Out of these four horror films put them in the order of the highest grossing:

The Exorcist (1973)

The Silence of the lambs (1991)

The Ring (2002)

The Sixth Sense (1999)
Full transcript