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NCPTW Presentation: Experiencing the Evolution

Presented by Lindsey Flowers and Morgan Matson
by

Morgan Matson

on 23 September 2014

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Transcript of NCPTW Presentation: Experiencing the Evolution

Same level as
students
Experience with
teachers
and classes
Often have a general idea of expectations
WAC
Tutor
Writing Across the Curriculum
What is WAC?
Why incorporate writing?
"Writing is used to initiate discussion, reinforce content, and model the method of inquiry common to the field. It can help students discover new knowledge—to sort through previous understandings, draw connections, and uncover new ideas as they write"
(Michigan Department of Education)
Any WAC program is the encouragement of incorporating writing into traditionally non-writing disciplines.
So why isn't WAC more widespread?
Edit
Consider
objective
rhetoric aspects
steps of assignment
specifics
presentation
understandability
The same problems face us at all levels of academia
E
X
P
E
t
h
e
E
V
O
L
U
T
I
O
N
I
R
E
N
C
I
N
G
The Beginning
Student
Teacher
As a Tutor
"a liason between
teacher
and
student
"
Student
Teacher
Tutor
(Sheldahl)
What To Do?

Our
goal is not for
them
to get an A on their paper, or get a gold star, or win an award,
we
just want
them
to walk away with a better understanding of what it is to be a good writer”
(Sheldahl)

writing consultants
have the doubly difficult task of translating the
teacher
comments into language the
student
can understand and making the revision process seem feasible and approachable rather than overwhelming” (Auten and Pasterkiewicz 6)
Helping the
student
learn to edit their own work
Assisting the
student
in fixing their work
Helping
them
improve their writing skills overall
Must meet
teacher
expectations for grade to improve
If results are not seen,
students
may lose interest
But how do
you
know what the
teacher

expects?
Keep in mind...
Focus on...
On the Same Level
“While neither peer
tutors
nor their
tutees
may alone be masters of normal discourse of a given knowledge community, by working together—pooling their resources—they are very likely to be able to master it if their conversation is structured indirectly by the task or problem that a member of that community (the
teacher
) provides” (Bruffee)
Teacher
Student
Hierarchy
Student
Teacher
The Beginning
Student
Teacher
Tutor
The Interruption
"Peer tutoring
interrupts
the status quo of
teacher
authority and suggests that high school writing
tutors
can be agents of change who introduce and advocate for a less conventional definition of what it means to
teach
"
(Fels and Wells 61)
The next step isn't a change...
it's an evolution
The Hierarchy
But how does it happen?
The Final Product
What does it all mean?
Teachers
Tutors
Students
Communication Gaps
Peer Tutor
Rubrics
That two types of evolutions are occurring within the system.
Tutor Evolution
Tutors
work with
students
as interpreters, but evolve to collaborate with
teachers
as
WAC
liaisons.
Novice
Veteran
helps peers understand
teacher
expectations
collaborates with
teachers
to clarify written instructions and expectations
advocate for
student
learning needs
Novice

recognizes communication gaps
Veteran

resolves them
Focused
Evolution
WAC at the EWC
Student driven program
Veteran tutors are all WAC liaisons
Programs for
English
Science
Math
History
Focus on
explaining problems to
teachers
so they connect more to students
collaborate with
them
to correct issues
help them improve their understanding and build relationships
Student
Teacher
The Beginning
Student
Teacher
Tutor
The Interruption
The Hierarchy
Student
Teacher
Tutor
The Evolution
Student
Teacher
Tutor
students
tutors
teachers

I
treated the rubric like it was the
teacher
talking to
me
and giving
me
this assignment, because
I
had nothing else to go on"
(Sheldahl)
Look for:
teachers
traditional barriers
students
prompt/topic
structure
examples
specificity
"
we're
sort of as confused as the
student
is"
(Boel)
The Problem
The (Sort of) Solution
Attempt to work with the vague rubric
Question the
tutee
Focus on the basics of writing
grammar, structure, content, etc.
Use available resources
Recommend
teacher
clarification
Teacher
expectations are unclear
students
tutors
teachers
“The
tutee
brings the conversation knowledge of the subject to be written about and knowledge of the assignment. The
tutor
brings to the conversation knowledge of the conventions of discourse and knowledge in standard written English. If the
tutee
does not bring to the conversation knowledge of the subject and the assignment, the
peer tutor
’s most important contribution is to begin at the beginning: help the
tutee
acquire the relevant knowledge of the subject and assignment” (Bruffee)
Works Cited
Auten, Janet, and Melissa Pasterkiewicz. “The Third Voice in the Session: Helping Students Interpret Teacher’s Commnents on Their Papers.” The Writing Lab Newsletter Dec. 2007: 2-6. The Writing Lab Newsletter. Web. 27 Aug. 2012. <https://writinglabnewsletter.org/>.
Boel, Madeleine. Personal interview. 10 Sept. 2012.
Bruffee, Kenneth A. “Collaborative Learning and the ‘Conversation of Mankind.’” College English 46: 635-52. JSTOR. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/376924?seq=2&Search=yes&searchText=knowledge&searchText=community&searchText=tutees&searchText=bruffee&searchText=discourse&searchText=tutors&list=hide&searchUri=%2Faction%2FdoBasicSearch%3FQuery%3Dbruffee%2Btutors%2Btutees%2Bknowledge%2Bcommunity%2Bdiscourse%26acc%3Don%26wc%3Don&prevSearch=&item=2&ttl=4&returnArticleService=showFullText&resultsServiceName=null>.
Fels, Dawn, and Jennifer Wells, eds. The Successful High School Writing Center: Building the Best Program with Your Students. N.p.: Teachers College, 2011. Print.
Michigan Science Teachers Association (MSTA), and Office of School Improvement. “Writing Across the Curriculum.” SOM-State of Michigan. State of Michigan, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2012. <http://michigan.gov/documents/mde/Science_WAC_2_3_264454_7.pdf>.
Omans, Kira. Personal interview. 11 Aug. 2012
Sheldahl, Annalisa. Personal interview. 15 July 2012.
Student
Teacher
Tutor
WAC
So did it change anything?
"I talked to the writing center tutors about how to write this assignment called a literature review... their questions helped to better define how to tell other students how to write a lit review"
"It is a demand on my time. It is pushing me to get something done that I had a mind to get done with for a long time and never succeed at. It is someone showing up and going to ask you questions about something; are you ready for it?"
"I consider myself a good writer, but I'm gaining information from her on how to lookc
"It's a really good idea, it helps our science students sort out procedure writing they have trouble with. The Writing Center also provides a great service to the school in terms of tutorials in prepartation for college essays and SATs"
"I was holding myself accountable to make something I do better, getting student input to make it more clear to the rest of the students"
"I would have tutors read the materials and develop questions the students would have to think about. That's the main benefit for me, they prepare what the student should be thinking about"
"It's awkward for students to write in math. Any strength they can pull from History or English papers can translate into feeling more comfortable or taking more risks when writing in math"
"Tutors act like friends helping to guide students through an assignment. Although they are an authority, they don't present as such and therefore they relate to the students on a personal level that adults can't"
Kids really come out of the EWC sessions feeling impowered. They understand assignments better. They feel accomplished when they complete part of the assignment during their tutoring session, and many of my kids go back voluntarily after the first time.
The tutors were great - very prepared (a few even asked me clarification questions, and provided suggestions days before the workshop so that they could be best prepared). They worked very well with the students while giving whole group instructions and when working one on one.
Full transcript