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Meter and Rhyme

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tory adderley

on 8 October 2013

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Transcript of Meter and Rhyme

Meter and Rhyme
Meter and rhyme both complement each other and add to the subject matter of a poem. Rhyme and Meter helps to create the attitude and the author's overall purpose of the poem.
Rhyme and meter are two techniques that a writer uses to fabricate his/her poem. They both have similar effects.

Rhyme is the repetition of similar sounds in two or more words.
Meter is the arrangement of words, syllables, or sounds into a regular, recurring pattern.

Stressed and Unstressed
There is a variation of syllables in every word. In words there are stressed and unstressed syllables.
Stressed syllables are pronounced slightly louder, slightly longer, and at a slightly higher pitch than unstressed syllables. Stressed syllables carry more emphasize.

Stressed syllable : /
Unstressed syllable: -

Metrical Foot
A metrical foot is one single pattern of unstressed and stressed syllables that is repeated in a line of poetry.

Types are :
Iambic : - /
Trochaic: / -
Dactylic: / - -
Anapestic: - - /

Line Lenght
There can be certain number of feet on a line. Depending on the number we call them either:

1 foot : monometer
2 feet: dimeter
3 feet: trimeter
4 feet: tetrameter
5 feet: pentameter
6 feet : hexameter
7 feet: hectometer
8 feet: octameter

Metrical Foot + Line Length = Meter

The metrical rhythm sets a pattern in the reader's head and creates a song.
The words that are emphasized are emphasized for a purpose and they each have a connection with each other.The words then can come together to add to the meaning of the poem.

An abstract pattern that is obtained when rhythm is formally organized. It contains a regular recurrence, durations, stresses, or syllables. to divide a line into equal divisions of time.
The stressed and unstressed syllables of words make the rhythm.
- / - / - / - /
Because I could not stop for death - Iambic tetrameter
- / - / - / - / - /
If ever two were one, then surely we -Iambic pentameter

/ - / - / - / - / - / - /
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak
- / -
and weary

trochaic octameter

Wilfred Owen
Dulce Et Decorum Est

- / - / - / - / - /
Bent double, like old beggars under sacks,
- / - / - / - / - /
Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge,
- / - / - / - / - /
Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs

The words that are emphasized better convey the struggle and add to the solemn tone of the poem.
Shakespeare used Iambic Pentameter all the time in his writings. Such as Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Macbeth, etc...
Rhyme Scheme
Assonance and Consonance
Assonance - words don’t have the same ending, but they share a vowel sound. The consonants surrounding the vowel sound are different, but the shared vowel sound links the words.

Consonance - the pairing of words in which the final consonants if the stressed syllables agree but the vowels different.

Perfect Rhyme
The initial consonants of the words differ, while the stressed vowel and succeeding consonants are the same.
Other Types of Rhyme
Half Rhyme - the words do not completely rhyme.
Example: Soul / All
On / Moon

Double Rhyme- when both syllables of a two-syllable word rhyme or when the last two syllables of a longer word rhyme.
Examples: Brittle / Little
Rigid / Frigid

Rhyme adds a musical effect to a poem. This musical effect allows the reader to have a connection with the poem. It adds to the emphasize and meaning to a poem. in addition it creates a mood.
The repetition of the same or similar sounds, whether vowels, consonants, or a combination of theses in one or more syllables, usually stressed and occurring at determined and recognizable intervals.
Wilfred Owen
Strange Meeting

Too fast in thought or death to be bestirred.
Then, as I probed them, one sprang up, and stared
With piteous recognition in fixed eyes,
Lifting distressful hands, as if to bless.
And by his smile, I knew that sullen hall,
By his dead smile I knew we stood in Hell.
A Rhyme Scheme is a pattern that describes where the rhyming words fall within a given stanza or verse. It says nothing about the meter; instead it shows the number of, and the placement of rhyming words.
Leave / Believe
Spend / Tend
Clever/ Together/ Better

Rhyme in Rap
Jay Z on A Star is Born
Wu -Tang gangbanged, Meth ate
Rae' took on the date
With the Purple Tape
Passed on to Ason and then Ghostface

The use of pararhyme helps to show that something is wrong and adds to the discomfort of the poem. The incomplete rhyme aids to convey the demented subject of the poem.
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