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Land Reform in the Cuban Revolution
Transcript of Land Reform in the Cuban Revolution
nationalized 5 million hectacres
1/2 the lands under government control
made large, privately owned estates illegal (993 acres)
established INRA farming still done without the use of modern technology
1/2 lands still privately owned
began to alienate the United States second agrarian reform
third agrarian reform Land
Guevara's 1959 speech, laws passed four months later.
land reform immediately after the Cuban revolution was a success. it expropriated half the land and distributed it, setting up the basis for a socialist economic system, a main goal of the revolution. INRA Agrarian Reform Law Significant Events Che Guevara's 1959 Speech He declared that Cuba's main concern was "The Social Justice that land reform brings about" Went into affect four months after Guevara's 1959 speech. Limited land holdings to 1000 acres, any excess given to peasants. National Institute of Agrarian Reform. Established to enforce 1959 law. Confiscated 480,000 acres from U.S. corporations. BATISTA BATISTA BATISTA Batista United States Intervention Platt Amendment (1901)
Almost 2/3 of the lands were owned by United States businesses. For example the sugar industry and the United Fruit Company was really big.
U.S. businesses bought sugar lands from the farmers that tried to modernized.
Large group of poor laborers
Batista supported by the U.S "Behind the Scenes"
Revoked 1940 Constitution
Worked with and supported the U.S. wealthy landowners, and big Corporations.
“There was illiteracy, the workers were being expelled from the factories, and the best lands where in the hands of the rich. That's why the revolution triumphed.” -Fidel Castro
The middle and upper class prospered because of US intervention.
Only one-tenth of the peasants in Cuba actually owned their own lands.
Corruption in the Government Bibliography Roosevelt and Batista http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fe481