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Snipers In Trench Warfare

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Alexandra Paramor

on 21 November 2016

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Transcript of Snipers In Trench Warfare

Futility
During World War one, sharpshooters and defenses alike were futile. For the sharpshooters, in order to train them appropriately in schools would've taken up time and war efforts. Soldiers succumbed to thew elements, including sharpshooters and over all they didn't put a dent in the war efforts, compared to the machine gun.
The defense side, they were in a heavy stalemate, in constant alarm of a sharpshooter. They were near worthless, the dummies helped, but only to keep mind of the ever present sniper. Men were killed instantly, only to lay in trenches amongst the living and add to the horrible conditions.
The "wastage" on either side was horrible, meaning that both sides had their weaknesses and at the end of the day there wouldn't be any large advancement, thus causing the war to last longer.
Sharpshooter Strategies
What They Had For Supplies
Sniper Side:
What Life Was Like
Sniper Trenches:
In WW1, there was a specific type of soldier who fought on all sides of the war; the sniper, better known as the sharpshooter during the time. In the time of the eighteenth century, sniping had been recognized as a hobby in hunting, this changed as war molded the practice of sniping into a deadly offspring of military arsenal. Snipers were continuously used in the trenches in the task to take out enemy soldiers as their heads scanned over the top of the rival trench.
Early enthusiasts of sniping in the First World War more than not were talented amateurs drafted in to the armed services, however; it became clear that this unusual brand of war was excellently suited to the conditions of trench warfare and soon training schools were established in most armies.
In chaotic trench conditions there was a constant threat of snipers. The guarantee that any soldier who raised their head or body parts above an embankment, was in words, a dead man. As snipers became common practice in war, the defending sides could only manage this force by inventing strategies and objects to lower the number of casualties towards this fatal power.
Snipers In Trench Warfare of WW1
(Including The Defense of The Enemy Trenches)

Physical Layout (Specific Features)
Sharpshooter side:
Presentation Created By: Alex
A German Sniper
Defense Trenches:
Defense side:
Defense Side:
A French Sniper
A british Sniper
Who Were The Snipers and Their Purpose
In World War One, one of the objects created in use towards sharpshooters was; the dummy head. It was a way to locate where a sharp shooter was sitting among the enemy trenches, it looked exactly like a soldiers head and a sharpshooter would see this and be inclined to shoot the "soldier". The location being given up, would then be bombarded by artillery fire. (A picture of a dummy head seen below. Left)

“They say of a sniper’s bullet that it if you hear it, then you are safe, because it will already have passed safely by. It is the ones that you don’t hear that do for you”
― Sohni
The quote beside, adds to the meaning that a sniper was a worthy arm in war, however; it reminds too that a sniper can kill a single man in a single moment, war is for the broad action of killing a larger amount of men in quicker timing.
In sniper trenches their day to day business wasn't that different from the defense trenches. The greatest difference was during the, "Day to day work" during this time sharp shooters were keeping a keen eye for any soldiers peeking a body part into view, while working. The other huge difference was during the nighttime, the sharpshooter's job was to spot soldiers sneaking across or repairing the barbed wire and to shoot them.
The general rough schedule of the trenches were the same each day. The day started with a, "Stand-to" this occurred at dawn. The usual time for when enemy's may attack, so soldiers would "stand to" in efforts to guard the trench, in search of enemy attack.
If there wasn't any attack, the soldiers followed with, "Day to day work" this was a time for inspections, breakfasts, chores, (such as filling sandbags) and all the while keeping out of sights of enemy sharpshooters and their rifles. In between work breaks, men would use their time for leisure activities, which may entail writing home or in a journal. The most dangerous and busy time was in the nighttime, soldiers often climbed out of their trenches and moved into No Man’s Land to make repairs on barbed wire or dug new trenches. As well the more aggressive operations such as raids happened during the night. Even when there wasn't as much action happening, there was still a steady amount of death.
An example of a "Stand-to"
A British Sniper watching during the day for enemy soldiers
The different types of sniper rifles:
German: The Mauser Gewehr 98
In service from 1898 - 1935


British: The Pattern 1914 Enfield
Designed 1914-15 – declared out of date in 1947


British again: The Lee-Enfield SMLE Mk III – SMLE: 1907 – present day


U.S.A: The M1903 Springfield
US issue 1905 - 1937


Russian: The M1891 Mosin-Nagant
1891 – present day
A picture of dummy heads seen showing over a trench.
In the Firs World War, Germany issued scoped rifles to their sharpshooters, once commonly known the british did supplied their sharpshooters with rifles, as did the rest of the countries involved with the war. There are multiple different types of rifles.
-- A-Frames?
A Parapet covering
In World War One, sharpshooters were specially trained soldiers who used rifles with telescope sights to take down enemies. They would work either day or night from the trenches. They whenever given the chance to see a head or a shoulder of a soldier, within five seconds would take down that person. A strategy or trick was to let a balloon go into the sky and any on the opposing side to look up and read it would be taken down swiftly. Not necessarily a strategy, but sharpshooters would either have or would develop excellent observational skills, making it so even the slightest sign of a soldiers head would mean a quick death. As well it was common for sharpshooters to work in pairs, so that an observer may assist to scout out surrounding country side using a periscope.
metal armored double loophole:


Parapet:








Dummy Head:
As seen in the objects slide.

It was a protective wall or earth defense along the top of a trench, this was so soldier's heads and shoulders would be covered from enemy sharpshooters. It was typically made of sandbags, which was perfect against sharpshooters, artillery fire; not so much. (A picture seen below. Right)
There was a object called the Parapet. It was a protective wall or earth defense along the top of a trench, this was so soldier's heads and shoulders would be covered from enemy sharpshooters. It was typically made of sandbags, which was perfect against sharpshooters, artillery fire; not so much. (A picture seen below. Right)
this would protect the sniper observer from enemy fire. The front loophole was fixed, but the rear was housed in a metal shutter sliding in grooves. Only when the two loopholes were lined up a one-to-twenty chance, could an enemy shoot between them.
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