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Year 10 Rock Music

Overview of Rock Music

Merryn Court

on 28 January 2014

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Transcript of Year 10 Rock Music

by year 10
Rock Music
Development of Rock Music
1960s - rock music absorbed elements of folk music. The lyrics began dealing with current social issues
(war, racial injustice).
Bob Dylan
is probably the most well known of this time.

- Development of many different types of Rock Music
Folk Rock
Classical Rock
Jazz Rock
Raga Rock
Psychedelic Rock
Acid Rock

A lot of the developments in Rock music during this decade are largely fueled by

Performers - Jimi Hendrix, The Doors, Led Zeppelin, The Rolling Stones
1940s - Rhythm and Blues
became the dominant style among Black Americans
1950s - Rhythm and Blues evolved - powerful beat, use of saxophone and electric guitar

Performers - Little Richard, Chuck Berry, the Platters, Bill Haley and His Comets, Elvis Presley

To many people of the time, the new music seemed rebellious in its loudness, pounding beat, and sexual directness.
Development of Rock Music
1960s - Black musicians performed 'Soul' music
. Soul music had its roots in gospel and was heavily tied to the black community.

Performers: James Brown, Ray Charles, Aretha Franklin

Motown - blended soul and popular music together.
It had gospel rhythms, modern harmonies, soft melodies and bright lyrics.

Performers: Diana Ross and the Supremes, Stevie Wonder
Development of Rock Music
The Beatles formed in London in 1960
- John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr

Beatlemania - the term given to the crazy hype that surrounded the band wherever they toured.

The Beatles shaped Rock music of the 60s with their wide range of musical ideas and resources, their electronic effects, use of classical and non-western instruments (eg. sitar) and unconventional chord progressions.

As a band, the Beatles themselves underwent a great deal of change and experimentation, but their effect on Rock and popular music was extreme.
The Beatles!
Development of Rock Music
1970 and 1971 - Beatles disbanded, Jimi Hendrix and Janis Joplin died from drugs, Jim Morrison (From the Doors) died of a heart attack.

Rock was still increasingly popular.

- Rise in disco
- Country Rock - Johnny Cash
- Funk and punk popular
- New rock performers - Billy Joel, Bruce Springsteen
Development of Rock Music
saw bands such as
'The Police', 'Culture Club', and 'Eurhythmics'
were popular in America.
Extensive use of technology, synthesizers and computers
- Visual image of bands became outlandish

Heavy metal
- sexually explicit lyrics, bizzare costumes, tremendous volume
Iron Maiden, Black Sabbath.

Rap Music
Heavy Metal

- Line up: electric guitars, electric bass guitar, drum kit, vocals and sometimes keyboard/organ
- Rough, percussive, screaming vocals
- themes of chaos, death, violence, destruction and satanism
Dirty guitar effects - distortion and feedback
- Melodic riffs
- Power chords
- Heavy bass sound
- Double kick drums

Glam metal - Black Sabbath, Deep Purple, KISS
Metal Core - Killswitch Engage
Nu Metal - Linkin Park, Slipknot, Limp Bizkit
Progressive metal - Dream Theatre, Opeth
Thrash metal - Metallica
Characteristics of Rock
Instrument and vocal line up
Drum kit
- gives a solid rhythmic foundation, adds fillers at the ends of phrases and sections
Bass guitar
- provides harmonic support
Rhythm guitar
- provides chordal accompaniment
Lead guitar
- provides melodic fillers and solos
Lead and backing vocals

Rock Beat
- has a strong back beat (emphasises 2 and 4
Repeated patterns
- rhythmic and melodic (bass or guitar riffs)
Prominent melody
occasionally have an organ or keyboard
What's the difference between Rock and Pop?
Strong, heavy, driving drums
short repetitive melodies (riffs)
words are important - social comments
Guitar based bands
Usually set new trends
Much gentler, laid back beat
Longer flowing melodies
words are often about nonsensical or about love
Often uses keyboards and/or orchestra
usually copies old trends
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