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THEO 403 (Su '16) T05-06 - Judaism

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by

Hartmut Scherer

on 6 July 2016

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Transcript of THEO 403 (Su '16) T05-06 - Judaism

b) Where was God when the six million died?
a) How could mankind have committed such unspeakable evil?
How did the Holocaust affect Jewish theology?
1
Sharing the Gospel with Jews
We should . . .
Meeting with observant Jews - what should we keep in mind?
Observant Jews . . .
Judaism
The Basics
Origin:
Formally with Moses, 15. century B.C.
Essential beliefs and practices:
The Hebrew Scriptures, containing the Law, Prophets and Writings;
Major contemporary divisions:
who do
not
consider the law
binding
Orthodox:
who obey the law
literally
Conservative:
who obey the law, but
adapt
it
Reform:
Scriptures:
Monotheism
collections of interpretations of the law, particularly the Talmud
obedience to a divinely revealed law
Some Faulty Assumptions about Modern Jews
all Jews want to be “
saved

a purpose of religion is to provide some means of
getting to heaven
many Jews wish to have
sacrifices
today
Modern Judaism considers itself as just as appropriate and mature in its present form as any other religion
God’s
relationship with the human
person

a
person’s
relationship with
God

people’s
individual
relationships with
each other

the
Chosen People’s
relationship with
other nations

is a religion based on
Judaism
What do you
practice
?

What Is the Crucial Question in Judaism
?
Acceptable
motive
for obeying the laws:

love
and
respect
for God

Through a life of righteousness
Everyone is called to
make a difference
in this world

How?
NOT: What do you
believe?

~1450 B.C.
History of Israel
First Jewish Commonwealth
Moses received the law
587 B.C.
destruction of Judah by the Babylonians
70 A. D.
destruction of the temple by the Romans
Second Jewish Commonwealth
1948 A. D.
Third Jewish Commonwealth
creation of the modern state of Israel
Pharisees
Mishna
relationships
Leadership in Judaism after 70 A. D.
Who?
- experts in the law
- only remaining party
- interpretation of the law
Gemara
- application of the law
(Halakah)
(Haggadah)
Talmud
Kabbalah - what is it?
Kabbalah means “tradition” and is usually associated with
Jewish mysticism
.
Reform Judaism - The Main Features
- arose in 18. century
- accepted western European culture
- does not see traditional forms as binding
- not looking for a Messiah
- no longer expect a restored temple
- Reform theology accepts biblical criticism
- use less Hebrew in their worship
Orthodox Judaism - The Main Features
- dress
- diet (kosher)
- prayer (3x /day)
- synagogues (worship and community
center)
- homes
Mezuzah, contains the Hebrew creed
Conservative Judaism - The Main Features
- arose in the 19th century
- holds a median position between
Orthodox and Reform Judaism
- clings to the law while adapting to
contemporary culture (e.g., permits more
contemporary forms of dress and worship)
keep kosher
keep the Sabbath
wear the proper clothing
not challenge Jews to defend what we may find unacceptable in Judaism.
watch our
motives
know that Jews
need the Messiah
(like anybody else). Jesus is the Messiah
not forget that accepting Christ as Lord does not alter their Jewish identity.
(Christianity is viewed as Gentile religion)
Possible questions:
challenges view of God -> lose faith
challenges view of man as good
Many chose option b);
Rabbinic Judaism had de-emphasized the biblical teachings concerning sin and the afterlife, where the injustices of this world will be made right.
Adopted from http://www.4truth.net/fourtruthpbworld.aspx?pageid=8589952145
1
long black coat (Bekishe)
head covering (Kippah);
Tefillin (prayer time)
keep the holidays
Sources and Image Credit
2)
prayer; https://pixabay.com/en/prayer-jew-hebrew-judaism-801506/
1)
Western wall; https://pixabay.com/en/western-wall-israel-prayer-751644/
3)
Jew reading in his Bible; https://pixabay.com/en/jerusalem-jewish-traditional-jew-573956/
An IDF soldier prays with tefillin in 2006 Lebanon War after the Battle of Bint Jbeil. The officer is Lieutenant Asael Lubotzky from the esteemed Golani Infantry Brigade. He was seriously wounded in the war. His story was published in the book From the Wilderness and Lebanon by Yedioth Ahronoth recounting his personal experiences from the Second Lebanon War.
Imprisonment buildings at Auschwitz
5)
10 commandments; https://pixabay.com/en/ten-commandments-religion-bible-187967/
4)
job scroll; https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b7/Job_Scroll.jpg/640px-Job_Scroll.jpg
6)
sunset; https://pixabay.com/en/sunset-gold-end-of-the-day-1173591/
8)
Israeli flag; https://pixabay.com/en/flag-israeli-israel-jewish-nation-408317/
7)
2 people at wailing wall; https://pixabay.com/en/wailing-wall-western-wall-judaism-776369/
9)
Kabalah (tree of life); https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/19/Tree_of_Life_2009_large.png/543px-Tree_of_Life_2009_large.png
10)
Chasidic Bekishe; http://i.ebayimg.com/images/g/mPgAAOxyGStRwWbz/s-l300.jpg
11)
IDF_soldier_kippah_put_on_tefillin-small; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:IDF_soldier_put_on_tefillin.jpg
12)
old city mezuzah; http://israelphotos.net/wp-content/uploads/2008/05/old-city-mezuzah.jpg
13)
kosher food; https://www.flickr.com/photos/38314728@N08/4265581868/in/photolist-7uWdSY-96jgt7-cqEMPb-5gTrnm-8kDchf-atHG6v-hQ7pV-Dwiqy-e7uzBr-8ZfX1x-bEqEYZ-7oYmK3-6nkkCT-4LvaeN-8mQ34n-9FFG3y-6ZbZf2-k2eNPT-e7uzhv-wY8B71-jDbXc-jDbSj-jDbTD-4BmTSR-jDbR3-boqggU-8CorbC-5gP5WH-p4vPoF-aDzW25-xccpX-6AKK6-jmRLbE-e7uz6V-4f9Xob-e7AeGN-6n4sRT-q5fiXd-LpHoC-5gP5YT-gZaqxS-8Lx626-C84ML-7qkJih-3Ju19-4kMo5G-5pNVXp-jDbUU-4nQhLB-4vtVkP
14)
Sabbath; https://www.flickr.com/photos/orcaman/6737757469/in/photolist-bgoLye-5Ss3Qa-ixixYN-aNkXNR-aNkY2B-ay8VqM-eRGdBF-bocYCe-5d2atj-eYPB19-6pifgj-4fLmG1-7MH1uy-nBRbWk-efpF4G-7Cj7B1-svYAG-7r4zgM-7r8tVm-8ksDpi-2JPLPj-hqq9DN-B8tDGv-aytoeE-mJ66HX-4fGndH-9tqA8r-iZJdo-92DYzo-hrK76B-5wEQMz-6MRnDF-ikCxjq-8QR93e-ssRohE-8aBaUa-ARxZTn-ia1h7-7TBUrK-4EGTCj-4ECChg-7PteKy-7LjnHe-4ECCsg-7Jrt8x-7PpeHB-5YDv2i-4ECCxP-c2FDKS-Nv6XU
15)
Imprisonment buildings at Auschwitz; https://www.flickr.com/photos/slapers/14136143187
Full transcript