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THEO 403 (Su '16) T05-06 - Judaism
Transcript of THEO 403 (Su '16) T05-06 - Judaism
a) How could mankind have committed such unspeakable evil?
How did the Holocaust affect Jewish theology?
Sharing the Gospel with Jews
We should . . .
Meeting with observant Jews - what should we keep in mind?
Observant Jews . . .
Formally with Moses, 15. century B.C.
Essential beliefs and practices:
The Hebrew Scriptures, containing the Law, Prophets and Writings;
Major contemporary divisions:
consider the law
who obey the law
who obey the law, but
collections of interpretations of the law, particularly the Talmud
obedience to a divinely revealed law
Some Faulty Assumptions about Modern Jews
all Jews want to be “
a purpose of religion is to provide some means of
getting to heaven
many Jews wish to have
Modern Judaism considers itself as just as appropriate and mature in its present form as any other religion
relationship with the human
is a religion based on
What do you
What Is the Crucial Question in Judaism
for obeying the laws:
Through a life of righteousness
Everyone is called to
make a difference
in this world
NOT: What do you
History of Israel
First Jewish Commonwealth
Moses received the law
destruction of Judah by the Babylonians
70 A. D.
destruction of the temple by the Romans
Second Jewish Commonwealth
1948 A. D.
Third Jewish Commonwealth
creation of the modern state of Israel
Leadership in Judaism after 70 A. D.
- experts in the law
- only remaining party
- interpretation of the law
- application of the law
Kabbalah - what is it?
Kabbalah means “tradition” and is usually associated with
Reform Judaism - The Main Features
- arose in 18. century
- accepted western European culture
- does not see traditional forms as binding
- not looking for a Messiah
- no longer expect a restored temple
- Reform theology accepts biblical criticism
- use less Hebrew in their worship
Orthodox Judaism - The Main Features
- diet (kosher)
- prayer (3x /day)
- synagogues (worship and community
Mezuzah, contains the Hebrew creed
Conservative Judaism - The Main Features
- arose in the 19th century
- holds a median position between
Orthodox and Reform Judaism
- clings to the law while adapting to
contemporary culture (e.g., permits more
contemporary forms of dress and worship)
keep the Sabbath
wear the proper clothing
not challenge Jews to defend what we may find unacceptable in Judaism.
know that Jews
need the Messiah
(like anybody else). Jesus is the Messiah
not forget that accepting Christ as Lord does not alter their Jewish identity.
(Christianity is viewed as Gentile religion)
challenges view of God -> lose faith
challenges view of man as good
Many chose option b);
Rabbinic Judaism had de-emphasized the biblical teachings concerning sin and the afterlife, where the injustices of this world will be made right.
Adopted from http://www.4truth.net/fourtruthpbworld.aspx?pageid=8589952145
long black coat (Bekishe)
head covering (Kippah);
Tefillin (prayer time)
keep the holidays
Sources and Image Credit
Western wall; https://pixabay.com/en/western-wall-israel-prayer-751644/
Jew reading in his Bible; https://pixabay.com/en/jerusalem-jewish-traditional-jew-573956/
An IDF soldier prays with tefillin in 2006 Lebanon War after the Battle of Bint Jbeil. The officer is Lieutenant Asael Lubotzky from the esteemed Golani Infantry Brigade. He was seriously wounded in the war. His story was published in the book From the Wilderness and Lebanon by Yedioth Ahronoth recounting his personal experiences from the Second Lebanon War.
Imprisonment buildings at Auschwitz
10 commandments; https://pixabay.com/en/ten-commandments-religion-bible-187967/
job scroll; https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b7/Job_Scroll.jpg/640px-Job_Scroll.jpg
Israeli flag; https://pixabay.com/en/flag-israeli-israel-jewish-nation-408317/
2 people at wailing wall; https://pixabay.com/en/wailing-wall-western-wall-judaism-776369/
Kabalah (tree of life); https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/19/Tree_of_Life_2009_large.png/543px-Tree_of_Life_2009_large.png
Chasidic Bekishe; http://i.ebayimg.com/images/g/mPgAAOxyGStRwWbz/s-l300.jpg
old city mezuzah; http://israelphotos.net/wp-content/uploads/2008/05/old-city-mezuzah.jpg
kosher food; https://www.flickr.com/photos/38314728@N08/4265581868/in/photolist-7uWdSY-96jgt7-cqEMPb-5gTrnm-8kDchf-atHG6v-hQ7pV-Dwiqy-e7uzBr-8ZfX1x-bEqEYZ-7oYmK3-6nkkCT-4LvaeN-8mQ34n-9FFG3y-6ZbZf2-k2eNPT-e7uzhv-wY8B71-jDbXc-jDbSj-jDbTD-4BmTSR-jDbR3-boqggU-8CorbC-5gP5WH-p4vPoF-aDzW25-xccpX-6AKK6-jmRLbE-e7uz6V-4f9Xob-e7AeGN-6n4sRT-q5fiXd-LpHoC-5gP5YT-gZaqxS-8Lx626-C84ML-7qkJih-3Ju19-4kMo5G-5pNVXp-jDbUU-4nQhLB-4vtVkP
Imprisonment buildings at Auschwitz; https://www.flickr.com/photos/slapers/14136143187