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Why do we have phobias?

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by

Laurie Johnston

on 27 January 2014

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Transcript of Why do we have phobias?

Why do we have phobias?
Introduction
We shall read:

Pages 128-129 ANYA; JASMINE: MALYUN: LEQUESHAAAAAAAAAAAA
Classical conditioning and phobias
Read pages 130-131: LEQUESHA; JASMINE; MALYUN;ANYA
Social Learning Theory and Phobias
Let us read and learn:

pg132-133 Jasmine, Anya, Malyun, Lequeshaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

Definitions

Give two reasons why we are likely to imitate our parents

What does 'vicarious reinforcement' mean?

Gary is scared of crows. So is his father. Use SLT to explain why.
All: Learn about: classical conditioning; association; generalisation; social learning theory; vicarious reinforcement; evolution; preparedness; nature and nurture (C Grade)
Most:Learn how the theories explain phobias ( BGrade)
Some:Evaluate which is the best explantion (A Grade)
Definitions!

Write out Pavlov's experiment in terms of classical conditioning

Write out Albert's fear of the rat using classical conditioning

What does the neutral stimulus become after classical conditioning?

What does 'generalisation' mean?






Phobias and preparedness
Reading time: Malyun, Lequeshaaaaaaaaaaaaar, Jasmine, ANya
Definitions!

According to preparedness theory should a child be more afraid of cars or rats? Why?

The noise of the wind frightens some people. Why?

Why must fear be partly genetic if preparedness is correct?
Nature-Nurture

Read! Anya, LEqueshaaaaaaah, Jasmine, Malyun

Nature? Evidence?

Nurture? Evidence?

How does preparedness support both sides?
Work at home!

Read pages 138-141 and answer all questions
Full transcript