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Our Author Focus-Poetry: Musical Devices
Transcript of Our Author Focus-Poetry: Musical Devices
Poetry:Musical Devices Musical Devices are tools of a language that make a poem sound more like a song.
John McCrae (1872-1918)
Guillaume Apollinaire (1880-1918)
Writer's We Will Focus On Today
John McCrae (1872-1918) A Canadian physician working as a medical officer in France during WWI, McCrae witnessed and wrote about the tragedy and nobility of the wartime experience. Historical Background WWI (1914-1918) Since the late 19th century territorial and economic rivalries between France, Russia and Great Britain on one side and Germany and Austria-Hungary on the other. "In Flanders Fields" Flanders is a region in northern France and western Belgium. This was a major battlefield in the war. For many miles came to lay a trail of devestation. Once productive towns and farmland were destroyed and replaced by many miles of bomb craters, battle trenches and DEATH. ***While orignally published in a British magazine Punch in 1915, "In Flanders Fields" was reprinted in the US to boost solder morale and encourage people to join the military.*** http://www.freewebs.com/middlesbrorbl/landers.jpg http://www.inflandersfields.ca/images/front.jpg Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374) He is among the greatest Italian poets of the 14th century. The English referred to him simply as Petrarch. He was equally comfortable writing in both Latin and Italian. His poetry was a compulation of self-centered reflections on love. These poems set a pattern for love poetry that endured for over three centuries. The Canzoniere-poetry collection Historical Background This century is associated best with the the following:
-marked by a "reborn" interest in the arts
-during this time writers began to blend their own opinions into thier writing Humanism in the Arts The Renaissnance Humanism stresses the humanities which is a school of thought that focuses on grammar, rhetoric (-using language to create an effective argument or discourse), poetry, history and moral philosophy. The Black Death In the spring of 1348 the plague found its way to Italy, leaving a wake of death and devastation. Three forms of plague ravaged Europe! 1. Bubonic Plague
*Characterized by swellings or sores that would appear on the victims neck, armpits, or groin.
*These victims often lived about a week.
*This form was passed on by fleas.
2. Pneumonic plague
*Passed by breathing the same air as the diseased.
*This form gave the victim mere few days of remaining life. 3. Septicemic
*Reflective of untreated bubonic or Pneumonic plague
*The point at which the disease infects the blood stream
http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/plague.htm http://www.medicine.bham.ac.uk/histmed/plague.jpg http://em411.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/bruegheldeath.jpg http://faculty.uml.edu/CulturalStudies/Italian_Renaissance/images/vitruvian.gif http://personal.bgsu.edu/~jmpfund/Maccari-Cicero.jpg http://www.gutenberg.org/files/17650/17650-h/images/01large.jpg Back to Petrarch...
The Cazoniere were written in the 1320's.
Of the 366 poems included most were about his unrequited love for a woman named Laura.
Although who she was is unknown, he harbored a love for her his entire life! Moreover, he continued to write about her long after she died of the Black Death of 1348. Guillaume Apollinaire (1880-1918) "Mirabeau Bridge" Apollinaire was a French poet who helped modernize French poetry. He was a soldier in WWI that died of complications from a wound a mere two days before the war ended in November of 1918. Like McCrae and Maupassant he saw first hand the devastation of WWI!! http://direlasua.files.wordpress.com/2008/12/apollinaire.jpg http://vietsciences.free.fr/biographie/artists/writers/images/apollinaire-dessin-eiffel.jpg http://gordscafe.tripod.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/apollinaire-bandage.jpg All Three of These Poets Present Examples of Lyric Poetry Utilizing the Musical Devices of Language Our Apollinaire focus, "Mirabeau Bridge," is noted for its rhythms and deep personal feelings. It was published in 1913 (One year before the war broke out).