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How to write an argument essay

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by

Keshia AhQuin

on 10 November 2014

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Transcript of How to write an argument essay

Twix are the best candy ever...
Prove it!
How
to
write
an
argumentative
essay

By the time I'm done,
you're going to think
Twix are the best candy
that has ever been made!
It's an essay where the writer attempts to convince someone to agree with an idea or action.
What is an argumentative essay?
The foundation of any argumentative essay is its
claim
.
A claim states your opinion on a topic and is the focus of your entire essay.
[
CLAIM
]
Twix candy bars are the best candy bars on the market today.
Reasoning is why you believe
your claim is valid or true.
Once you have established your
claim
, you must determine your
reasoning
.
[
REASONING
]
Twix are the perfect combination of chocolate and caramel.
To convince someone to believe your
claim
, you need to include
evidence
to support it.
Evidence consists of facts, examples, statistics, or anecdotes that support the claim.
[
EVIDENCE
]
Fact:
The strip of caramel is exactly 1/4 inch thick in relation to the 1/16 inch thick chocolate coating.
[
EVIDENCE
]
Statistic:
9 out of 10 people say the chocolate-to-caramel balance is their favorite part of Twix.
An argument is never one-sided and neither is an argumentative essay which is why you must include a
counterclaim
.
A counterclaim is a claim that opposes (goes against) your claim.
[
COUNTERCLAIM
]
Some might not agree that
Twix are the best because
they prefer peanuts in their
candy bars.
After stating the
counterclaim
,
a
concession
can be a useful way to transition

to the next part of your essay.
A concession is when you admit that the counterclaim may be partially right.
Anna
the
Arguer
[
CONCESSION
]
Peanuts can be
very good with
chocolate.
To prove that your
claim
is more valid or true than the
counterclaim
, you must include a
rebuttal
.
A rebuttal is when you respond to the counterclaim with evidence to prove that it's wrong.
[
REBUTTAL
]
Peanuts would take away from the perfect balance of chocolate and caramel.
Anna
the
Arguer
Anna
the
Arguer
Anna
the
Arguer
Anna
the
Arguer
Anna
the
Arguer
Anna
the
Arguer
Once you have completed all pieces of your essay, it's time to check its
validity
.
Validity is whether an argument
is logical, believable, and
reasonable.
Leonard
the
Liar
[
INVALID
]
Actually, Milky Ways are the
best because magical
elves make them at
Hogwarts!
Candy is the best. I'm not talking about just any candy though. Twix candy bars are the

best candy bars on the market today. They have the perfect combination of chocolate and

caramel. A lot goes into making that combination just right. The strip of caramel is exactly ¼

inch thick in relation to the 1/16 inch thick chocolate coating. 9 out of 10 people say the

chocolate-to-caramel balance is their favorite part of a Twix. Not everyone might feel that way.

Some might not agree that Twix are the best because they prefer peanuts in their candy bars. It’s

true that peanuts can be very good with chocolate. Does that mean they need to be in everything

though? I believe peanuts would take away from the perfect balance of chocolate and caramel.
CLAIM

REASONING

EVIDENCE

COUNTERCLAIM

CONCESSION

REBUTTAL
Identify the argumentative elements in this essay.
____
Anna
the
Arguer
Once you have provided
evidence
to support your
claim
, you need to include an
explanation
.

[
EXPLANATION
]
Since 90% of people agree that Twix has the perfect chocolate to caramel ratio, candy bars with peanuts wouldn't taste as good.

An explanation of your evidence describes
how
the evidence supports your claim.
What is the difference between arguing and persuading?
Arguing
is an unbiased attempt to prove a point based on facts while acknowledging different perspectives.

Persuading
is a biased or emotional attempt to prove a point.
Think of
ARGUING
as...
and
PERSUADING
as...
How do you know if your evidence is credible?
Is your source knowledgeable on their subject?
Are they an expert (do they have experience or education on the subject)?


[
EXAMPLE: You wouldn't ask your doctor to change the oil on your car
.]
Credibility
is the trustworthiness of your source.
Full transcript