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How Did Japan change during isolation

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nevada huvenaars

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of How Did Japan change during isolation

Farmers
Farmers held a privileged position just below the samurai because they were responsible for the production of rice. Although they had a high position in society they had difficult live. They were not allowed to leave their lands or village, as the daimyo did not want to loose the profits of their labor. They also had to follow very strict rules that dictated how they were to dress.

Two groups of farmers lived in villages. The honbyakusho were principal farmers they controlled specific land plots and some times owned their own homes.
The hyakusho , ordinary farmers, they were tenant farmers who were forced to work but could own nothing.
Artisans
The artisans lived in the cities and towns.
The Bakufu referred to them as townspeople.
The artisans contributed to society by
making objects used for daily life and
for decorating homes.
They created goods for trade.
Merchants
Many artisans and merchants began to gain wealth from
their labor and formed the growing core of Japan's middle class. Merchants became more important as Japan's cities grew,
providing needed goods to the city population.
Some merchant families became very powerful and played
important roles in establishing Japans banking industry. They carried out international trade until Japan closed it's borders

Outcasts
The outcasts called eta, were forced to live outside villages and towns. Their occupations were pprimarily slaughtering animals, disposing of and tanning animal carcasses, carrying out executions, and removing corpses. although the work they carried out was necessary, touching the dead was in violation of Buddhist doctrines, so the eta were shunned. their status was hereditary and only rarely did the eta manage to move to a different class.

How did social systems change during isolation?
How Did Japan Change During Isolation
Edo Japan's social structure during isolation was a hierarchical system in which the shogun samurai were the highest class.Farmers artisans and merchants followed. The lowest classes
included the outcasts and the non-humans. Citizens had almost no chance to move out of the class they were born into.

Samurai
The Samurai held the second most important position in society. the code of behavior for a samurai was
Bushido (way of the warrior)
The Bushido told the samurai the be models of cultural, moral and intellectual development and to set for duty and loyalty.
Most samurai lived in castle towns, but some domains had so many samurai that their castle towns could not accommodate them. These samurai were allowed to live in the surrounding countryside.

The samurai were no longer involved in war. There was no need for large armies in many cases samurai had no specific duty to carry out.
The samurai class was the first to become literate. During the years
in isolation the role of the samurai changed from a fighting
warrior to a civil administrator.

Non-Humans
The Non-Humans called hinin were regarded to
as inferior. their status was based on the activities they chose. these often included fortune telling, begging , acting, and proposition. like the eta the hinin had their own laws and chiefs. anyone who was expelled from their social class joined the hinin. Because the hinin were looked upon as non-human the killing of a hinin was not considered murder.
Social hierarchy made law
Although both the eta and the hinin existed prior to the edo era, it was during this time that the Bakufu government legally formalized social classes. This made it almost impossible for individuals tot move from their inherited social status to a higher one. The legalization of the classes encouraged strong feeling of prejudice throughout Japanese society during the Edo Period.
How did communities change during isolation?
A network of quality roads were needed in Japan to transport the daimyo to and from Edo during the annual pilgrimage. Although the daimyo had authority over the roads in their domains, the shogun created and controlled five major roadways that crisscrossed Japan.
The regular movement of people had an effect on the economies of the domains and the nation. As the daimyo and their entourages made their way across the country along these roadways they required accommodations,food, and the other goods and services. Artisans and merchants catered to the needs of the travelers. They provided services
in the villages and post stations along the highways and, as a result
many of these stopping points grew into larger centers.
With more and more centers of larger populations
the economy of the country began
to change.
How did the daimyo influence change in cities?
The castle towns within each domain grew because the influx of the merchants and artisans. Within each domain, the daimyo could build one castle as the seat of his authority. Around these castles lived the samurai; in the surrounding areas were the farmers. Artisans , merchants, and their families gravitated to the site of the castle to meet the need of both the daimyo and the samurai. They required accommodation and goods and services themselves, so the economies of the castle towns continued to grow.
The castle towns grew rapidly during the Edo period. Edo, Kyoto, and Osaka each grew to more than one million citizens. Several other sizeable populations. Urbanization changed the nature of Japanese society, although rural life was still idealized. The change to an urban society helped later transitions Japanese would face in the Meiji Period.
Summary
Over time, Japan became a modern country with extensive road and communication networks that connected communities across the length of the country. the growth of large cities created the need for goods to travel and communication networks to allow for economic trade among them.
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