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Migrant Farm Workers
Transcript of Migrant Farm Workers
Who Are Migrant Farm Workers?
Approximately 1.3 million Americans from mid and southwest United States moved to California for farm working opportunities.
The Past of Migrant Farm Workers
The camps included: shelter, food, health care.
Mexican farm workers did not acquire equal wages and opportunities as white farm workers.
Mexican Migrant Farm
Individuals that traveled between farms to find work.
Although, they made more money in the U.S then in Mexico.
Mexicans were not given the privilege to stay in migrant camps.
Although, they made more money in the U.S than in Mexico.
E.g. A person who originates from Salinas, California, migrates to Yuma, Arizona to cut lettuce each winter and then returns to Salinas at the end of the Yuma lettuce season is a migrant farm worker.
Born: March 31, 1927
Death: April 23, 1993.
Cesar Chavez was the main protagonist who spread the genuine "voices" of all farm workers.
Cesar Chavez was a migrant farm worker until 1952.
Online Example:"We have fed you all for a thousand years-
For that was our doom, you know,
From the days when you chained us in your fields
To the strike a week ago.
You have taken our lives, and our babies and wives,
And we're told it's your legal share,
But if blood be the price of your lawful wealth,
Good God! We have bought it fair!
Written by "An Unknown Proletarian", 1908
The Voice of Farm Workers
Migrant Farm Workers
Average Wage: $8 an hour
but wages can be as low as $5.40 an hour
Some farm workers traveled from job to job by box car.
Annually, 3 to 5 million migrant farm workers tend the fields of the United States
75% of all migrant farm workers are of Mexican descent .
The Great Depression resulted a booming amount of displaced farmers to California from Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Texas.
As the Depression became more severe, the growers reduced wages and laid off workers.
From 1929 - 1933, wages varied from $3.50 to $1.90 a day.
Migrant farm workers moved all over the U.S in search of farms for work opportunities, considering the fact that other professions were not highly demanded.
The farm workers were deprived of human rights.
They suffered injustices such as unsanitary living conditions and feeble shelter spaces.
The average income was $0.60 per hundred pounds.
The farmers went on strike for $1.00 per hundred pounds, but the owners compromised the minimum wage to $0.75 per hundred pounds.
the population of farmers is about 275,000,000. (2000)
The first federal camp that was created was the Arvin Migratory Labor Camp.
The camp was opened in 1937.
• 1934-1936 Filipino lettuce cutters and a majority of white packing shed workers took a stance against the Salinas Valley grower-shippers, demanding improved union recognition and conditions
He became a world famous Latino-American civil rights activist . His ethical actions and strategies concluded the farm workers' struggle as a significant cause that attracted nationwide support
• The unions reached an agreement, neither would compromise without the other
• The laborers gathered together and operated strikes for weeks, until the grower-shippers agreed to bargain.
• The bosses demanded the workers to work on Sunday, but the workers worked on Monday instead.
• The bosses promised a form of agreement on Monday, the day the Filipino workers returned to work.
• The owners refused to even talk to the Filipino representatives because they did not return to work on Sunday
• The packing shed union leaders "forgot" their compliance with the Filipino field workers, and continued the segregation among the field and shed workers
Migrant Farm Workers
The Appearance of Migrant Farm Workers
Migrant farm workers in the 1930's lacked the privilege to maintain hygiene.
They had few outfits to wear and were often filthy.
Most of the time they had to share the bathroom with large numbers of people so they did not bathe regularly.
Migrant farm workers did not have plentiful amounts of food, therefore they were thin.