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Journey of Waste Water Treatment

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Sumi Sivaneswaran

on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of Journey of Waste Water Treatment

Safe Drinking Water Act
What is the purpose of the Safe Drinking Water Act?
1. To recognize that people of Ontario are entitled to expect safe drinking water

2. To provide for the protection of human health and the prevention of drinking water health hazards through the control and regulation of drinking water systems and drinking water testing
On May 2000, There was an E.coli outbreak in Walkerton that killed seven residents and 2,300 people sick due to unsafe drinking water

The E.coli strain found in the water was, E.coli 0151:H7, which can produce a powerful toxin and cause severe illness

WHY DID THIS HAPPEN?
?
Conclusion
All of this information can be found at the Service Canada website:

http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/html/statutes/english/elaws_statutes_02s32_e.htm#BK155
Direct Result of Walkerton
DUTIES OF OWNERS AND OPERATING AUTHORITIES

1. That all water provided by the system that is connected to the user's plumbing meets the requirements of the drinking water quality standards

2. That at all times in which it is in service, the drinking water system,
i. is operated in accordance with the requirements under this Act
ii. is maintained in a fit state of repair,
iii. satisfies the requirements of the standards prescribed for the system or class of systems to which the system belongs
Certification of Drinking Water System Operators and Water Quality Analysts Regulation (O. Reg. 128/04)
Operators must have a valid operator’s certificate.
Operator’s license expires every 3 year.
Some of operators duties are:
 To take appropriate action in response to disinfect equipment,
 make adjustments to the water treatment equipment,
 Examine the results from test on continuous monitoring.

Drinking Water Quality Standards Regulation (O. Reg. 169/03)
• To protect public health and to stop contamination in drinking water.

• Some of the water quality standards were revised or they were removed.

Drinking Water Systems Regulation (O. Reg. 170/03)
• All specific requirements needed for minimum level of treatment.

• The types of treatment processes and equipment are being used.

• For municipal residents’ continuous monitoring equipment are needed.

Drinking Water Testing Services Regulation (O. Reg. 248/03)
• Laboratories should have a registered license

• Requires owners and operators to use a licensed laboratory for testing drinking water.

MAJOR REGULATIONS UNDER THIS ACT
1) Drinking Water Quality Standards Regulation (O. Reg. 169/03
2) Drinking Water Systems Regulation (O. Reg. 170/03)
3) Drinking Water Testing Services Regulation (O. Reg. 248/03)
4) Certification of Drinking Water System Operators and Water Quality Analysts Regulations (O. Reg. 128/04)
5) Licensing Municipal Drinking Water Systems Regulation (O. Reg. 188/07)
6) Financial Plans Regulation (O, Reg. 453/07)
7) Compliance and Enforcement Regulation (O. Reg. 169/03)
Who does this Act affect?
This Act affects:
Every owner of a municipal drinking water system
An operating authority that is responsible for the operation of the system


EVERYONE WHO IS INVOLVED IN THE TESTING OF WATER SYSTEMS OR INVOLVED IN THE OPERATION OF EITHER A REGULATED MUNICIPAL OR REGULATED NON-MUNICIPAL SYSTEM
Approval/Licensing Municipal Drinking Water Systems Regulation (O. Reg. 188/07)
• All municipal drinking water systems should have license provided by the Director of Ministry of the Environment.
• In order to get this license some requirements has to be fulfilled such as
o Drinking water work permit
o Operation plan
o Financial plan
o Operating authority third-party’s verification
o Permit to take water

WHY DID THIS HAPPEN?
Funding was insufficient
Training was inadequate
Details were overlooked
Environmental factors were not taken into consideration
Multiple protection barriers were not implemented
Different Sections of the Act
The Act is broken down into twelve parts:
PART I: Interpretation
PART II: Administrative
PART III: General Requirements
PART IV: Accreditation of Operating Authorities
PART V: Municipal Drinking Water Systems
PART VI: Regulated Non-Municipal Drinking Water Systems
PART VII: Drinking Water Testing
PART VIII: Inspections
....Continuation of Sections
PART IX: Compliance and Enforcement
PART X: Appeals
PART XI: Offenses
PART XII: Miscellaneous
Financial Plans Regulation (O. Reg. 453/07)
• It supports the water providers to make plan for water and recover their costs.
• When applying for drinking water license financial plans should be approved by Municipal Council.

Compliance and Enforcement Regulation (O. Reg. 242/05)
• The specific inspection requirements:
o Frequency of inspections of municipal drinking water systems and laboratories.
o Actions required and response time in the event of a deficiency.
o Procedures for investigations and enforcement.
o Director should make sure that all the licensed laboratories are fully inspected at least twice a year.

Penalties for certain offences
Individuals:
First conviction is not more than a fine of $20,000 per day
Subsequent conviction: not more than a fine of $50,000 per day or imprisonment up to an year

Corporations:
First conviction is not more than a fine of $100,000 per day
Subsequent conviction is a fine of not more than $200,0000


Offences that result in drinking water health hazards
Individuals:
First offence is 4 million
Subsequent offence is 7 million

Corporation
First offence is 6 million
Subsequent offence is 10 million
Full transcript