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Daniela Peña

on 27 July 2017

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Transcript of BREXIT

What is Brexit?
Short way of saying the UK is leaving the EU
Merge the words Britain and Exit
David Cameron released a referendum
"Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union or leave?"
Frida Lima C.
Daniela Peña M.
María José Gómez R.
Adriana Armas B.

Multipolar world-> no mutual understanding
Context of independence - more reasons for conflict
UK entering the European Union,- different ideologies
Separatist criticism- role of Norway

UK's European Union Referendum
European Union Council’s deal
Agreements and new settlements for the UK within the EU.
February 18th ,19th
Objectives regarding EU migration crisis:

effective when the Government of the UK decides to remain a member of the European Union
competitiveness, effective management of the banking union, and abuse of right of free movement of persons
UK = special status from the beginning (no longer part of an ever closer union)
Nov. 2015 Letter to Tusk
Feb. 2016 EU Council summit
Neorealism Security and prevalence
Neoliberalism Economic interdependence and cooperation
British referendum June 23rd
One less star?
IRT II - Mariya Mincheva Dimova
To stay in the European Union or to leave?
What is Brexit?
European Union Council’s deal on February 19th, 2016
Neorealism: the pros of a Brexit
Political neoliberalism: the cons of a Brexit
Collective interests
After Feb. 19th talks...
Cameron gave Brexit a second thought
Economic value of single market
UK - EU relationships...
45% of its exports
53% of its imports
15% of its GDP
Soft Power
“The UK Prime Minister got the most he could obtain and the other member states offered him as much as they could offer
. Which leads me to say that the deal with UK is fair, balanced and complies with the great principles of the EU and takes into account the concerns, desiderata and suggestions of the United Kingdom”
Absolute Gains
Political Neoliberalism
Interdependence strategic reasoning no isolation
Increasing economic interdependence
Coalitions as a form of power

"...if Britain was to leave the EU, its GDP would lose around 3% or £50 billion per year"
Jean-Claude Junker, EU Commission President
Encourage David Cameron to campaign in favor of the EU
Prevent a division that goes against EU values (cooperation and mutual strategic dependence)
Enjoy of EU's essential role as a peace and democracy promoter
Out of the euro
Out of the no borders agreement
Out of an ever-closer union
Keep the full access
Keep the say over the single market
Keep the political co-operation

Requirements for voting

Commonwealth citizen
Over 18
Want to leave
UK Independence Party
Half of Conservative MPs
Five cabinet ministers
Several Labour MPs
Democratic Union Party
EU has been holding back Britain
The membership costs billions
Take back full control of its borders
Objected about the “free movement” policy

Want to stay

David Cameron and sixteen of his cabinet members
Labor Party
Liberal Democrats

EU signifies an easier platform for them to sell goods and services.
Immigration helps in the economic growth, it helps pay for public services.
Changes to the membership (David

1. Child benefit
2. Migrant welfare payments
3. Eurozone
4. Protection for the City of London
5. Sovereignty
6. “Red card” for national parliaments
7. Competitiveness
8. Some limits on free movement

“First, I want to end Britain's obligation to work towards an "ever closer union" as set out in the Treaty. It is very important to make clear that this commitment will no longer apply to the United Kingdom. I want to do this in a formal, legally-binding and irreversible way”. (David Cameron, Government of the UK, 2015)
The international system - anarchy and the principal aim-> security.
Reforms all in the favor of Great Britain
Own interest but also providing an alliance with the European Union
Reforms that he is claiming are all in the favor of Great Britain.
States can decide to follow norms because they calculate it to their advantage.
New settlement for the United Kingdom in the European Union.

Economy: prohibition or discrimination towards others currencies

Competitiveness: single market for all the zone, making the legislation proactive and cutting requirements making one commitment
Sovereignty: reaffirms that it is responsibility from the State and not the Union.
States act as response of the actions of others
Security dilemma
State maximizes its interest through security , that creates insecurity among others
The United Kingdom is the EU's second largest economy, the fifth biggest in the world. We bring an enormous contribution - political, economic, financial - to the European Union
Offensive realism-> strong country in the zone and is seeking for power to maintain it,

Self-interest in the reform of the European Union only to make them stronger not because they need protection.

Immigration: expanding population that is not sustainable if there is a free movement agreement
Role of the United Kingdom
see a substantial and sustainable reduction of the number of illegal entries from Turkey into the EU
prepare a credible voluntary humanitarian admission program with Turkey.
assist on humanitarian issues provided to Syrian refugees and to the countries neighbouring Syria.
restore, in a concerted manner, the normal functioning of the Schengen area
More Objectives
make progress towards reforming the EU's existing framework so as to ensure a humane and efficient asylum policy.

address any factors that may prompt migration flows.

calls to stop at once attacking non- terrorist opposition groups
delivery of humanitarian aid

stabilizing this State
more control on migration flows in the Mediterranean region.
restoring the economy and fighting terrorism.
Full transcript