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Transcript of Hawaii
The Lei is the most significant symbol in Hawaii & signifies peace agreements.
There are specific ways of wearing and not wearing the Lei.
The Lei is also used as a welcoming and departing gift to visitors on the island. Hawaii The earliest habitation: 300 CE, by Polynesian settlers from the Marquesas
In 1778, James Cook
In 1893, Hawaiian monarchy is overthrown
In 1898, the annexation of the Hawaiian Islands to the United States Social Structure of Ancient Hawaii:
King & Queen (mō‘ī )
Chiefs & advisors (‘aha kuhina_
Priests & professionals with specific skills (kāhuna)
Common people (maka‘āinana)
Outcast members (kauā or kauwā)
Hawai‘i’s State Seal was created in 1959 when the Hawaiian Islands became the 50th state.
Hawai‘i’s State Motto (The Life of the Land Is Perpetuated in Righteousness) is along the bottom edge. Below the shield are various symbols: a phoenix rising from flames, taro leaves, and banana foliage. Kamehameha (Kalani Paiea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiikui Kamehameha o Iolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Knuikea) Conquered the Hawaiian Islands in 1810
Preserved Hawaii's independence
Died on May 8, 1819
Chief Ulumaheihei (Hoapili) was given the honor to bury Kamehameha's bones.
The mana, power of a person, was considered to be sacred.
Death Ritual: The masses buried their dead or deposited bodies in caves, but the bones of the kings were otherwise disposed of.
The bones of Kamehameha were extremely sacred and must be kept hidden because it was believed that if the burial site location was disclosed, an enemy who came in contact with the bones could absorb the chiefly mana, or power.
It is still unproven of where his bones really lie at. For many months Pele followed a star from the northeast and migrated toward it. One morning, Pele awoke to the smell of something familiar in the air. She saw a high mountain with a smoky haze hiding its peak. Pele knew that this was her new home. She named the island Hawai'i. Pele went up to the mountain where a part of the earth collapsed into the ground. She placed the stick into the ground and called this place Kilauea. Inside the Kilauea Crater was a large pit. She named it Halema'uma'u, maumau being the fern jungle surround the volcano which would be her new home. There was a fire God living on Kilauea named ‘Ailaau (forest-eater). He and Pele both wanted Kilauea for their home. They started throwing fire balls at each other. 'Ailaau fled and still hides in the caverns under the earth. Pele alone would rule the Island of Hawai'i. The people of the island loved and respected the Goddess Pele. Pele still lives on Hawai'i where she rules as the fire Goddess of the volcanoes. The smell of sulphur reminds the natives that she is still there in her home, Halema'uma'u, her fiery lava building a new island to the south, still submerged, named Loahi. The Birth of Hawaii Videos: "Hula is the language of the heart and therefore the heartbeat of the Hawaiian people."
– King Kalakaua Songs: surfing Ipu Heke: made from gourds that have been cut off at the neck and hollowed. The ipu heke is two such gourds joined together with a hole cut in the top to allow the sound to escape.
Ohe Hano Ihu: Nose flute
Papa He‘e Nalu: Surfboard A god or goddess created
Used for ceremonies and rituals
Tell a story & turn into the object that they are telling the story of
Danced by both men and women
2 types of hula: hula kahiko and hula auana