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native american cultutes of GA

paleo, archaic, woodland, and mississippian native americans

jacob hill

on 7 September 2012

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Transcript of native american cultutes of GA

period Native American cultures of GA
By: Jacob Hill Mississippian
period Archaic
period Paleo
period Dwellings: the paleo were nomads, they traveled place to place. Religion:No artifacts have been found that tell us anything about Paleo-Indian religions or their spiritual worlds.Two or three Paleo-Indian burials from Montana contained extraordinary Clovis points, and large bifacial knives all of which were covered by a dusting of red ochre. Certainly Paleo-Indians attached some significance to the afterlife. The Clovis points from these burials are so large and exquisite that they many not have been functionsl tools, but true offerings. Food: the paleo hunted big, large animals. Such as, mamaths and mastodons. weapons & tools: paleo used stone to make their weapons and tools. such as: stone scrapers; to clean animal hide spear points, called clovis points. other advancements: the climate advanced to getting warmer, the glaciers had had receded. Time period: 11,000-8,000 B.C. They are the oldest humans in america's Time period: 8,000-1,500 B.C dwellings: their settlements were built near rivers. they lived in small groups based on their family. relegion: Although rare,some Archaic sites, the larger villages of the Late Archaic, had cemeteries for deceased community members. These cemeteries are a measure of the spiritual beliefs of the community. Ornaments found with some individual burials suggest the link between these Archaic peoples' natural surroundings and their supernatural beliefs. Food: they survived by hunting deer, bear,turkey, and other small animals, they also survived by gathering fruits and berries. tools and weapons: spears made from stone. and various items to prepare their food.

made items such
as stone axes other advancements: Their tools and weapons were smaller, finer tools. They stayed in one place for a long period of time. time period: 1000 B.C. -1000 A.C. dwellings: the woodland people built circular homes. shaman winidigo spirit food: They were the first to have horticulture. Which in other words, they were the first to plant crops. They also hunted, this is also were the bow-and-arrow emmerged. With both crops and advanced hunting tools such as the bow and arrow, they were, lets just say happy. They hunted medium size animals such as deer. mound relieion:Algonquian(wodland) religion believed that there was a spiritual world that interacted constantly with the physical world. The 'Kitchie Manitou'(which is translated as 'great spirit') was present in all living and non-living things, for example in everything from people and animals, to plants and water, to the Sun and the moon, and sickness.
The only people who could communicate with and control the spirits were the 'Shamans' or 'Medicine Men'. Shamans were the most important spiritual leaders in Woodlands Algonquian culture, and were idolized for their ability to communicate with the spirit world and ward off evil spirits. They could do this by performing curing rituals in which they used magical rites to force evil spirits from the bodies of the sick. The 'Windigo' was an evil spirit from Algonquian legends.
According to legend, people, who were lost in the woods and starving, would resort to cannibalism and become Windigoes. These people would return home from the forest only to become violent and anti-social.
They would gradually be overcome by the urge to consume human flesh, giving more power to the Windigoes.
The only way to destroy the evil spirit was to kill the host and burn their body to ashes.
According to different versions of the legend, there are several ways to get inhabited by a Windigo, including being bitten by one, a shaman's curse, or dreaming of the Windigo.
they also built mounds. mounds were used as, something like a tomb. some had bobies for burial,others had bodies and various items such as pottery and beads. they also built stone effigies. they are to be belived to be for religion. stone effigie other advancements: they were the first to have horticulture and the bow and arrow. time period: 800 B.C. to 1600 A.D. dwellings: their societies were more advanced and more complex compared to the woodland people. their villages were made with square centers; to have gatherings, meetings,etc. Their houses were made with vines and mud. Which the mud hardend in the sun. weapons and tools: the bow and arrow was invented. tools and weapons were the usual, spears and various items made out of stone. religion: Believing that all things are related, many historic Native American groups had beliefs and rituals that likely had counterparts in the spiritual lives of Mississippians: They prayed to the spirits of the game they hunted for foregiveness for taking their lives. Animals that moved between different environments - land, water, or sky might be viewed as mediators or messengers between people and the spirit worlds above and below the earth. The long-lived cedar tree, with its durable red wood and pleasant scent, has spiritual importance to many American Indian groups. Its wood and boughs are often used to purify and sanctify.Ceremonies and rituals led by priests and chiefs to mark the passing of the seasons, celestial events, and harvesting of crops took place on top of the flat-topped mounds while the common people observed in the plazas at the base of the mounds. the mounds were conected to their religious beleifs, or to honor their tribs' cheif. cheifs food: The mississippians also grew crops and hunted. they grew corn,squash,beans,etc. They hunted deer and other anmals. other advancements: the mississippian people had certain cheifdoms, or ranks. Paramount cheifdoms were organisations of several chiefdoms. the mississippian people aslo made several types of art.such as; jewery made with copper. Jewery as bracelets, necklaces, etc. weapns and tools: they had the same or similar tools and weapons as the woodland culture did.
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