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English Elizabethan Era Trade and commerce
Transcript of English Elizabethan Era Trade and commerce
Travelling Exploration Famous discoveries Sir John Hawkins Famous explorers Sir John Hawkins Sir Francis Drake Sir Martin Frobisher Sir Walter Raleigh 1540*-1596 Sir Francis Drake Sir Martin Frobisher 1552-1618 Sir Walter Raleigh Transportation Travelling The English Armada Crimes 1532-1595 Did you know that most of these explorers were related one to the other? Did you know? It's a crime to travel or to act without a licence. Crimes Transportation The English Armada -Land discovered by the English
-Other land discovered Famous Discoveries Salve trades Trade companies Why? English vs Spanish -Walking
-Taxi boat (Westward Ho!)
-Using the wagon was not manly Sir John Hawkins Slave trades -Newfowndland *John Cabot Land by the English -soloman island *english -Coast North Carolina *Sir Walter Raleigh -Colorado *Juan de archuleta -First english slave trader
-Help from the welthy *Benjamin Gonson
*Sir Thomas Lodge
- 2 first trades were a success with the english Sir John Hawkins
(TRADE) 3rd voyage -Not a success
-Captured by Spanish armada
-Released along with 2 of the 6 emptied ships 3rd trip -Barbary Company Companies -East India Company -For North Africa
sugar Barbary Company India and Indonesia(East Indies)
spices East India company Money Economy Agriculture Shilling
Angel Money Shilling (s) Penny (d) Pound (£) Men Agriculture Woman Why? - Plowing
-harvesting Men -Assist harvesting
-Removing the grain from ressource
-Cooking Woman -Because villages in England weren't populated as much as the major cities, so they had place to farm. Why? THANK YOU 1588 They sailed a few blazing ships to brake the Spanish formation. Here's a little part of the speech that Queen Elizabeth spoke to at the english army of Tilbury Fort. English Armada
(2nd part) '...We shall shortly have a famous victory over the enemies of my God, of my kingdom, and of my people.' http://www.the-tudors.org.uk/tudor-navy.htm The people didn't want to spread disease, especially the 'Black Death'. Because That most actors that traveled through cities were thought as criminals because they could have brought decease to the townfolk. An actors standing in Elizabethan England was only slightly higher than a beggar or a thief. When their reputation as a actor rose, their status as a thief went lower. If you were an actor and didn't have a license, the punishment would be branding with red hot irons. Did you know? In 1595 Sir Walter Raleigh was seeking the golden city of El Dorado in South America. Did you know? -The Philippines *The Spanish Land by other countries -Manila *The Spanish The process Some think that the major part of the war against Spain began with the usage of slaves Did you know? Africa The process Slaves Spanish merchandise English money England economy was booming Most of the English fleet was consisted of merchant vessels. The merchants did not want the Spanish to take conquer of England and turn it catholic. So they helped them in the war. Did you know? The Levant Company = Did you know? x3 1 once = 12 pennies = 20 shillings = Angel 10 shillings = crown 5 shillings -Levant company The turkey Company The Venice Company 1592 Italy and Turkey whine, cotton and silk In the England of Elizabeth, money was not an abstract concept. All coins were made of either gold or silver (not copper and certainly not paper) and a coin was worth what its constituent metals were worth. Did you know? http://walternelson.com/dr/elizabethan-money East sea trade(Scandinavia, Poland, Germany Eastland Company The Muscovy Company Russia 1555 1579 searching for trading partners Timber, hemp, tar and cordage -Muscovy Company -Eastland Company Wages The Queen Wages Nobleman Country gentleman Successful merchant Unskilled laborer L 60,000 - 75,000 L 1,500 to 3,000 L 100 L 20 L 5 That, in that time, very successful merchant could have a bigger salary than the Queen!!! Did you know? Per year Before the Elizabethan era started:
-Economy was down
-No slave trades
-Not that many explorer
- War against the Spanish
- Economy was booming
- More trades with different countries
- Diverse land explored Conclusion Farming The rich - Same amount of sheep as the population in England at that time.
- The noble bought farm land and brought a bunch of sheep there.
- The cotton from the sheep boomed the economy. Sheep Sheep Sir John Hawkins That Sir Francis Drake was known as a noble in England but in a Spain a pirate. Because of that, the spanish called him 'El Draque' and in latin 'Franciscus Draco' (Francis the Dragon). Did you know? 1539-1594