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Persia and Alexander the Great
Transcript of Persia and Alexander the Great
The biggest factor during the Persian Empire and Alexander the Great was the culture. During Cyrus the culture of Zoroastrianism was founded. Zoroastrianism was one of the first monotheistic religions and its Philosopher was Zoroaster. Zoroaster believed that the god was talking to him and wanted him to share his word.This religion is believed to have influenced Judaism and Christianity. Zoroastrianism was one of the biggest religions in Persia, until Alexander conquered. With Alexander the Great, it was the Hellenistic culture that was in place. The Hellenistic culture was influenced by the traditional Greek culture and was vastly spread after the death of Alexander. This culture was based on the Greek culture but also adopted the local custom and cultures in the cities.
The economy was mainly under a bureaucracy government. This kind of ruling is when the most decisions are made by the officials or leaders of the city/empire. After Alexander the Great died, his empire became a strong bureaucracy. The subjects were taxed and ruled by his Successors, who maintained such large areas well under this organized style of leading. The subjects had little say into the empires actions. The Persian Empire was also divided into 20 Provinces to make maintaining such a large empire more efficient. Although it seemed to be working, the empire was just too large for anyone to handle and yet again another group conquers.
Alexander the Great
During this era the known world was conquered by Alexander the Great in only 10 years. He expanded all the way to the Tigris river valley. When he went to conquer Persia he burned the capital Persepolis in revenge for the Persians destroying Athens. He married one of the Satraps daughters and later he married the daughter of Darius. He made the Satraps officials of the provinces and made the military larger. He began to adopt the Persian culture and wore the Persian clothing. He died at age 33 and his only son and brother were co-kings, who later were killed. 3 Hellenistic Empires were formed after the civil wars. Ptolemy, who was one of Alexander’s Successors made his kingdom in Egypt and the Hellenistic era was in place. Ptolemy established a very organized government in this empire and it lasted for awhile. Many of Alexander’s successors made successful kingdoms, but neglected Alexander’s idea of including the other cultures. The empires began to fall and the Romans went to war and took over.
The Persian empire was formed in the 500s BCE. It's first ruler being Cyrus the Great. During this era the empire grew dramatically, but the Medes were in the way of their success. Cyrus the Great allied with the Babylonians to defeat the Medes and they did defeat them. After defeating the Medes, the empire became even larger and gained the lands of Lydia and Babylonia and formed the Achaemenid Dynasty. After Cyrus' death the empire kept expanding, but never gained advantage with the Greeks. The Persian wars ended with Peace Treaty of Callias in 449. The empire began to fall due to a very large size and Alexander later ruled.
By, Ellie Thomas