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Child Labor During the Progressive Era

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on 30 March 2015

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Transcript of Child Labor During the Progressive Era

Child Labor During the Progressive Era
Results of Child Labor
child labor resulted in injuries, death
because of the amount of hours worked children lacked education
diseases resulted from conditions
finally people started to notice the effects on children
efforts were made towards child labor laws
Child Labor Laws
1916- "Tax on Employment of Child Labor"- placed a 10% tax on all businesses that employed children under 14
1917- Smith- Hughes Act- gave $1 million to states that provided vocational education programs in their public schools
By 1929 every state banned children under 14 from being employed
36 states had laws prohibiting those under 16 from working nights or more than 8 hours a day
Statistics
In 1890 more than 1 million children, 10-15, worked in America
By 1910 there were 2 million
Children as young as 5 or 6 worked 18-20 hours a day
"Children were preferred workers"
factory owners viewed children as more manageable and less likely to strike
owners could also get away with paying child workers a lower wage
children could fit into smaller areas and were therefor sometimes more useful
An effort to make a change
people started to take notice of the harsh conditions and hours children worked
"reformers believed that child labor was detrimental to children and society"
"they believed that children should be protected from harmful environments"
reformer goals included developing programs to lessen child labor, and get children more involved in education and extracurricular activities
National Child Labor Committee
organizations such as the Consumers' Leagues and Working Women's Societies generated the National Consumers' League in 1899 and the National Child Labor Committee in 1904
the goal was to end child labor as well as to provide free education for all children
conditions in factories were poor
machines were dangerous
children worked outrageous hours with little pay
"factories were often damp, dark, and dirty"
children also worked underground in coal mines
many injuries and deaths resulted from child labor
children were often overworked on farms as well, using dangerous tools
Unfavorable Working Conditions
Although many child labor laws were created and are in place today, child labor continues to be a problem.
Resources
http://www.socialwelfarehistory.com/programs/child-labor-reform-an-introduction/
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~ma01/davis/photography/reform/progressive_era.html
http://www.eiu.edu/eiutps/childhood.php
Elizabeth Gilbert
Full transcript