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Please get out your vocabulary sheet (part 2)

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by

Cedric Tai

on 1 July 2014

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Transcript of Please get out your vocabulary sheet (part 2)

Types of rhythm
Regular
Irregular
Alternating
Flowing (Connected Path)
Progressive (Gradation)
Movement
Unity/Harmony
Line
Shape
Space

Gestalt
Viewers automatically organize
visual information. The best known perception studies is called the Gestalt theory of visual psychology.
mark-making
Emphasis/Dominance
Balance
founded by German thinkers Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Kohler and Kurt Koffka and focused on how people interpret the world.

(the frame)

"21st century panopticism"
by Colin Harbut
(Thanks Katie)
Contrast
"Billion" by Vincent Kohler
(Thanks Remiah)
"L.A. Leaker" by Aakash
(Thanks Remiah)
"At Connaught Hotel"
by Tom Stuart Smith
(Thanks Sean)
"Step by Step"
by Richard Tuttle
(Thanks James)
Continuity
"Holy Grail" by Alex Grey
(thanks Ryan)
Composition
"TV Channel 4seven logo"
by Jessica Phillpott
(thanks Chase)
Proportion
"Frege" by Esther Stocker
(Thanks Kanade)
holistic / gesamtkunstverk (total design)
Grouping
Repetition
Consistency
"Funny Valentine"
by Richard Prince
Proximity

(we project "faces" onto patterns)
Figure
Ground
Figure/Ground
Reversal
Ground
Figure
Interpenetration
Grid
"Iridescent Interpenetration No. 4 - Study of light"
- Giacomo Balla
"Composition No. 15"
by Piet Mondrian 1915
(thanks Ashley)
Aakash Nihalani
(thanks Kevin)
Focal Point
Figure/Ground

Similarity
we don't just
"connect the dots"
we put them
into groups
Pragnanz (good figure)
Closure

Dynamic
Static
Contrast
Variety
Change
Movement
Rhythm
Depth
Asymmetrical Balance
Focal Point
Engages 2 - 3 frame's edges
Emphasizing the whole over the parts
All unity or All variety
Similarities and cohesion
Still / at rest
Flat (decorative)
Symmetrical
Very clear focal point or none at all
Engages all or none of the frame's edges
"The Duel After the Masquerade"
by Jean-Léon Gérôme
"Still Life with Five Objects"
by Giorgio Morandi
Cross-Hatching
Approximate Symmetry
Radial Symmetry
"IUCN Annual Report 1998"
by Chaz Maviyane-Davies
tri-partite division of space
"Mandala experiment"
by minoverboard
(Thanks Marena)
"Fork and Knife"
Charles Rennie Mackintosh
"The Willow Tea Rooms"
Charles Rennie Mackintosh
Cross-Contour
Mural by El Mac and RETNA for Primary Flight
Calligraphic Line
Implied Line
Implied Line (on a form)
segment
We assume the line continues
past the picture plane...
In theory: Lines have infinite ends, unless they are a shape...
Infinite lines today has a new meaning: vector
"Lineage"

by

Charles
McGee
Has Measure
Has Direction
Has Mass
Has Location
"Walt Disney and Hue"
by The Interactive
Design Institute
overlap
Balance
Tension
Dynamic
Static
Isolated/Integrated
Relative Dominance
Geometric
Organic
Positive/Negative
Area
Volume
Physical
Implied
Positive/Negative

impossible space
(optical illusions)
Translating 3-D to
2-D, you're constructing
a pictorial space.
Even with trying to create different
areas of interest, overlapping
still creates a specific order or
hierarchy
Symmetry
"Narcissus"
by Caravaggio
Asymmetrical
Balance
"Milk" by Jeff Wall
Pattern
Rhythm/Repetition
Texture
Form
Value
Color
*Economy
Flow
Speed
Direction
Gesture
Push/Pull
Transition
Edges
Instability
the bias of the direction
in which we read text
Focal points
Isolate
Accentuate
Scale
Co-dominance
Observer Position
Visual Landmarks
Pathways
Weight
Emotion
Optical Illusions
Nature
Tessellation
Motif
Simulated (Implied Texture)
Impasto
Decorative value (flat)
Atmospheric Perspective
a method of applying values
to create the illusion of form
where there is a single direction
of light.
Halftone
Highlight
Color in nature/artificial
Symbolic
Color psychology
Physics:
Hue, Value, Saturation, Intensity, Chroma
Tints
Shades
Neutral tones
achromatic
Color theory/systems
Trichromatic Theory,
additive/subtractive,
color wheels, Itten
Palette
Analogous Colors
Accent
Complementary
Split compliments
optical color mixing
negative after-image
Natural
non-objective
Scale
vs.
Size
Logo for BlackSmithNYC.com
by John Langdon
Proportion
Golden ratio
Rule of Thirds
"Mickey Mouse Deconstructed" by Mark Hofko
Size/Scale: Contrast vs. Harmony
The Golden Rectangle
Crystallographic balance
aka
Allover Pattern
"Do the Dance" by Elizabeth Murray
Unity: a balance of harmony and variety
Simplicity
Perfection
Editing it down
A style
Relationships are heightened
Work Ethic
Strategy
Method
"Fur Cup" by
Méret Oppenheim
Richard Wright
Progression
the average person can differentiate 30 – 40 gradations of gray between black and white. Someone with exceptionally high value acuity may be able to differentiate up to 150 gradations.
Wassily Kandinsky
"Composition VIII"
1923, Oil on canvas
Synesthesia
Abstract
Decorative
Realistic
Leonardo Da Vinci
Where is the visual weight of a picture? how are the elements evenly (or not) distributed in the picture plane?
Content
Presentation
Audience
Storytelling
Narratives
Curating
Design
Aesthetically
Craftsmanship
Promotion
Creativity and
Imagination
Interpret
Express
Engage Life
Modifying experienced reality in the process
"Campbell's Soup Cans"
by Andy Warhol
Illusion by R. Beau Lotto
Form and Subject-Matter
illusion of depth
Representational
Yoichi Yamamoto Architects for Issey Miyake Store
William Morris Designs
Georgia O'Keefe
Venus of Willendorf

Hank Schmidt in der Beek
Some of the first
representational
works ever:


Aesthetics: A branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty taste and judgement.
Culture:
all the things that people think and do
(the full range of learned human behavior patterns)
(In a tasteful way / in a pleasing way)
Form
- Medium / Media
- Technique / Style
Geometric
Egon Schiele, Male nude with red cloth
Organic

Form is achieved through
gradation
(changes in texture, hue, or value)
using lines to imply contours
(curves/extensions/indents/edges)
Liu Bolin
"Wheel of Life" by Windsor McCay
Hierarchy
Binaries are metaphors for contrast,
do they actually exist in real life?
Ideas
Context
Intention
Experience
Identification
Variety (counter to unity)
Charley Harper's
The Golden book of Biology
However, variety within larger
and larger scales can unify
Meaningful use of
removing contrast
Interest:
Excitement
Expressiveness
Conflicts
Drama
Intensity
Hybridization
Pawel Kuczynski
Martin Creed - Tile Floor
Poster for
"The Bartered Bride"
by Hans Hillman
"The Black Bow"
Georges Seurat
Positive/Negative
Integration
(isolated vs. integrated)
lost-and-found contour
"Salome with the Head of John the Baptist"
Caravaggio

"Police Verso" by Jean Leon Gerome (diagram by John Adkins Richardson)
"Current" Bridget Riley
The etymology of the word relates to textiles
and it meant "to be woven"
example by David Lauer/Stephen Pentak
Rhythm is different from a pattern because it can show movement (so it's considered more ACTIVE)
"Evol"
"Rhythme"
Robert Delaunay
M.C. Escher
Progressive Rhythm
"Goodyear Tires,
6610 Laurel Canyon,
North Hollywood"
Ed Ruscha
"Electric Chair"
Andy Warhol
Regular Rhythm
Irregular Rhythm
The unit
that repeats


Tessellated origami of Eric Gjerde & Ron Resch and Keith Critchlow's Order in Space
3 regular + 8 Semi-regular tesselations = 11 total
Matthew Craven
Psychologists speak of "horror vacui" a need to fill up empty spaces, as a basic human impulse
Esther Mahlangu
Tactile (Actual Texture)
"Censor"
Trudy Benson
"Tournesols"
Vincent van Gogh
"Brushstrokes" by
Roy Lichtenstein
"After the hunt" by
William Harnett
Trompe l'oeil - "to fool the eye"
Visual texture is communicated
to us by light reflections
reaching the eye.

Harnett has an ability to capture
the fundamental difference
between the soft highlights
gleaning on dark wood and
sharp ones gleaning from
taut fibers...
(in this case
it is 4 times)
presumably
infinitely
Radial Patterns

Moroccan Zillij Designs
Why do some designs look
better to us "aged"?
A page from Erica's sketchbook
Which is heavier, a pound of feathers or a pound of bricks?
An example of Flowing Rhythm
The Chubb Illusion
(Light) (Dark)
Chiaroscuro
Value changes
make us aware
of texture
and form
"An Elderly Peasant Woman",
Léon Augustin Lhermitte, c. 1878
Halftone screening allows shades of gray and gradients to be printed in a cost-effective manner by only using black ink. By controlling the size, shape or spacing of dots, you can effectively cover some or all of the paper with blank ink creating the illusion of gray to the viewer.
8-bit grayscale means that there are 256 shades of gray.
Density
A sketch by
Brendan "The Blob" Monroe
Midtone
Cast Shadow
Shadow Edge
Light Source
Core Shadow
Reflected Light
"Nocturne in Gray and Gold"
James Abbot McNeill Whistler

Simultaneous Contrast
Full transcript