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Please get out your vocabulary sheet (part 2)
Transcript of Please get out your vocabulary sheet (part 2)
Flowing (Connected Path)
Viewers automatically organize
visual information. The best known perception studies is called the Gestalt theory of visual psychology.
founded by German thinkers Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Kohler and Kurt Koffka and focused on how people interpret the world.
"21st century panopticism"
by Colin Harbut
"Billion" by Vincent Kohler
"L.A. Leaker" by Aakash
"At Connaught Hotel"
by Tom Stuart Smith
"Step by Step"
by Richard Tuttle
"Holy Grail" by Alex Grey
"TV Channel 4seven logo"
by Jessica Phillpott
"Frege" by Esther Stocker
holistic / gesamtkunstverk (total design)
by Richard Prince
(we project "faces" onto patterns)
"Iridescent Interpenetration No. 4 - Study of light"
- Giacomo Balla
"Composition No. 15"
by Piet Mondrian 1915
we don't just
"connect the dots"
we put them
Pragnanz (good figure)
Engages 2 - 3 frame's edges
Emphasizing the whole over the parts
All unity or All variety
Similarities and cohesion
Still / at rest
Very clear focal point or none at all
Engages all or none of the frame's edges
"The Duel After the Masquerade"
by Jean-Léon Gérôme
"Still Life with Five Objects"
by Giorgio Morandi
"IUCN Annual Report 1998"
by Chaz Maviyane-Davies
tri-partite division of space
"Fork and Knife"
Charles Rennie Mackintosh
"The Willow Tea Rooms"
Charles Rennie Mackintosh
Mural by El Mac and RETNA for Primary Flight
Implied Line (on a form)
We assume the line continues
past the picture plane...
In theory: Lines have infinite ends, unless they are a shape...
Infinite lines today has a new meaning: vector
"Walt Disney and Hue"
by The Interactive
Translating 3-D to
2-D, you're constructing
a pictorial space.
Even with trying to create different
areas of interest, overlapping
still creates a specific order or
"Milk" by Jeff Wall
the bias of the direction
in which we read text
Simulated (Implied Texture)
Decorative value (flat)
a method of applying values
to create the illusion of form
where there is a single direction
Color in nature/artificial
Hue, Value, Saturation, Intensity, Chroma
color wheels, Itten
optical color mixing
Logo for BlackSmithNYC.com
by John Langdon
Rule of Thirds
"Mickey Mouse Deconstructed" by Mark Hofko
Size/Scale: Contrast vs. Harmony
The Golden Rectangle
"Do the Dance" by Elizabeth Murray
Unity: a balance of harmony and variety
Editing it down
Relationships are heightened
"Fur Cup" by
the average person can differentiate 30 – 40 gradations of gray between black and white. Someone with exceptionally high value acuity may be able to differentiate up to 150 gradations.
1923, Oil on canvas
Leonardo Da Vinci
Where is the visual weight of a picture? how are the elements evenly (or not) distributed in the picture plane?
Modifying experienced reality in the process
"Campbell's Soup Cans"
by Andy Warhol
Illusion by R. Beau Lotto
Form and Subject-Matter
illusion of depth
Yoichi Yamamoto Architects for Issey Miyake Store
William Morris Designs
Venus of Willendorf
Hank Schmidt in der Beek
Some of the first
Aesthetics: A branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty taste and judgement.
all the things that people think and do
(the full range of learned human behavior patterns)
(In a tasteful way / in a pleasing way)
- Medium / Media
- Technique / Style
Egon Schiele, Male nude with red cloth
Form is achieved through
(changes in texture, hue, or value)
using lines to imply contours
"Wheel of Life" by Windsor McCay
Binaries are metaphors for contrast,
do they actually exist in real life?
Variety (counter to unity)
The Golden book of Biology
However, variety within larger
and larger scales can unify
Meaningful use of
Martin Creed - Tile Floor
"The Bartered Bride"
by Hans Hillman
"The Black Bow"
(isolated vs. integrated)
"Salome with the Head of John the Baptist"
"Police Verso" by Jean Leon Gerome (diagram by John Adkins Richardson)
"Current" Bridget Riley
The etymology of the word relates to textiles
and it meant "to be woven"
example by David Lauer/Stephen Pentak
Rhythm is different from a pattern because it can show movement (so it's considered more ACTIVE)
6610 Laurel Canyon,
Tessellated origami of Eric Gjerde & Ron Resch and Keith Critchlow's Order in Space
3 regular + 8 Semi-regular tesselations = 11 total
Psychologists speak of "horror vacui" a need to fill up empty spaces, as a basic human impulse
Tactile (Actual Texture)
Vincent van Gogh
"After the hunt" by
Trompe l'oeil - "to fool the eye"
Visual texture is communicated
to us by light reflections
reaching the eye.
Harnett has an ability to capture
the fundamental difference
between the soft highlights
gleaning on dark wood and
sharp ones gleaning from
(in this case
it is 4 times)
Moroccan Zillij Designs
Why do some designs look
better to us "aged"?
A page from Erica's sketchbook
Which is heavier, a pound of feathers or a pound of bricks?
An example of Flowing Rhythm
The Chubb Illusion
make us aware
"An Elderly Peasant Woman",
Léon Augustin Lhermitte, c. 1878
Halftone screening allows shades of gray and gradients to be printed in a cost-effective manner by only using black ink. By controlling the size, shape or spacing of dots, you can effectively cover some or all of the paper with blank ink creating the illusion of gray to the viewer.
8-bit grayscale means that there are 256 shades of gray.
A sketch by
Brendan "The Blob" Monroe
"Nocturne in Gray and Gold"
James Abbot McNeill Whistler