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Imperialism in the Philippines
Transcript of Imperialism in the Philippines
"4. In Conclusion... - US Aggression in the Philippines." 4. In Conclusion... - US Aggression in the Philippines. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013. <https://sites.google.com/site/usaggressioninthephilippines/home/4-in-conclusion>.
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Everyday Life Life Before Imperialism Life During Imperialism Social and People Economic Political 1565-1898 America wanted, as did Spain, the close trade route with China and other major export countries to expand foreign markets
President McKinley believed that Americans were racially superior, and that it was their job to civilize, educate, and Christianize the natives.
The Philippines had a high export of fruits and natural resources that the Americans could exploit. Spanish- American War 1898 The Filipinos began to win the revolution, and soon a between the Americans and the Spanish broke out
Began on February 15, and ended December 10
Emilio Aguinaldo led the Filipinos to victory. However, the Americans, who had promised to allow freedom to the Philippines, created a treaty with Spain which put the Philippines in their possession. Spanish created a rural social class with "pure-bloods" and the wealthy (principalia or principales)at the top with the most control, and the natives at the bottom.
Ownership of land was changed from communal use to private ownership through the Principalia
By the 1700's, Manila had become a commercial center in East Asia, trading with China, the East Indies, and India
Filipinos were heavily taxed as a means to pay the Principalia
Infrastructures, new methods of farming, and livestock was introduced
Jesuits (priests) became highly influential and gained much of the land that was taken from the Filipinos.
Many Filipinos were used as a cheap source of work or as forced labor
Multiple revolts took place as a means to resist the colonization By Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, a governor from Mexico (New Spain), in Cebu
Ruled indirectly (with lower levels of authorities, principales, who had many privileges, such as tax exemption
The Spanish conquered the islands with minimal violence. Only a few groups resisted, such as the Muslims. Promote Christianity and Catholicism
Control foreign trade and to have trade routes to major exporting countries, such as China
Expand territory and exercise military control An archipelago off the coast of Southeast Asia
made up of 7,107 islands and has 80 provinces.
First spotted by Ferdinand Magellan in 1521
Magellan was later killed by a local chief Philippine-American War 1899-1902 ...And then the Americans came Road to Independence Natives disapproved of the power the Principalia and clergy had, and they were outraged by the economic oppression, racism, and injsutices
Inspired by the execution of Jose Rozial, an enthusiastic writer in the late 19th century
1896: a revolution begins in the province of Cavite Outraged by this injustice, the Filipino Nationalists gained control of Luzon, creating the Philippine republic, and fought with the United States for ownership of the Philippines. Due to the superior technology and weaponry of the Americans, the Filipino Nationalists lost. The Nationalists were lead by Emilio Aguinaldo. 20,000 Filipinos and 4200 Americans died, and 200,000 Filipinos were considered casualties of war. Language: Tagalog, with over 300 dialects
Lived in "baranguys", communal settlements
Ruled by cheifs, with nobles, freeman, workers, and slaves
Lived in houses made of bamboo and palm leaves
Rice and fish were staple foods
Women were highly respected
Law dictated society, and crimes had varying degrees of punishment
Inter-country trade with China, Indochina, Japan, and India
Trade conducted by Arabs, who introduced Islam to Filipinos During the rule of Ferdinand Marcos, the Philippines entered into a debt of millions of dollars
Reforms were made by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo in 2004 to improve the economy The United States turned the Philippines into a democratic nation
The United States plays a continuous role in providing the Philippines with economy, health, and educational growth and to maintain peace with other countries The End of Imperialism On July 4, 1946, the Philippines was declared an independent country by the Americans, who had relinquished their power since they considered the Philippines independent enough All citizens of the Philippines must show allegiance to the United States
Citizens speak Tagalog, however, many of the dialects include both English and Spanish words and phrases
Majority of Filipinos practice Catholicism (80.9%), and less still practice Islam
Many of the buildings residing in urban areas how Spanish influence
Many sports and entertainment are derived from the Americans (basketball, American television) and the Spanish (graphic art, drama)
Court systems are similar to that of the United States in the sense that trials, appeals, and prisons are commonplace
Literature is based on folklore and fairy tales that the Spanish and Americans brought 7.3% GDP growth
The United States, Japan, and Europe are major trading partners
80% of the rural population lives in poverty All actions made towards trade, immigration, and foreign affairs must be cleared by the USA (Tydings-McDuffie Act) Education was provided to the Filipinos
Treated racially inferior
American culture and a democratic republic was introduced
Economy improved, and the United States became a major trading partner
Americans promoted public sanitation and health, and implemented many transport systems such as railroads.