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History of Tattoos

Historical record

Andrea Sanchez

on 28 November 2012

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Transcript of History of Tattoos

Historical record of Tattoos The word tattoo is said to have two major derivations: From the Polynesian word ‘ta’ which means striking something
and the Tahitian word ‘tatau’ which means ‘to mark something. The history of tattoo began over 5000 years ago. The first tattoos probably were created by accident. Once the wound had healed, they saw that a mark stayed permanently. Criminality For a long time, tattooing was the preserve of sailors and criminals! In prison tattoos were done to explain what you have done, where you have been, how many years you were in prison, and even how many people you have killed. When circuses prospered, tattooing prospered. For over 70 years every major circus employed several completely tattooed people. Pazyryk culture Bronze age Egypt In 1991, a five thousand year old tattooed man ‘ötzi the ice man was found. His frozen body was discovered on a mountain between Austria and Italy. The position of the tattoo marks
suggests that they were probably
applied for therapeutic reasons. Situated 120 miles north of the border between Russia and
China. In 1948 The patryk people were found. The tattoos on their bodies represent a variety of animals. In 1891, archaeologists discovered the mummified remains
of amunet. He was found in thebes and lived some time between 2160 BC and 1994 BC. Sailor Sailors on their ships returned home with their own tattoos...
This often gives a cartoonish feeling, and typical motifs would be flowers, hearts, mermaids, ships, anchors, snakes, birds, and names. Prison Their tattoo, called ‘moko’, reflected their
refined artistry using their woodcarving skills
to carve skin. New Zeland The oldest figurines of this kind have been recovered
from tombs dated 3,000 BC or older, and many other
such figurines have been found in tombs dating from
the second and third millennia BC. Japan The maori of new Zealand had created one of the
most impressive cultures of all Polynesia. Africa In Africa, where people have dark skin, it is difficult to make colored tattoos as we know them. But they want to be tattooed anyway, so they have developed another technique. They make sacrifications by lifting the skin a little, and making a cut with a knife or some other sharp they used to use special sands and different ashes India / Thailand Hanuman in India was a popular symbol of
strength, put on arms and legs. the mythical monk
Is still today one of the most popular creations in Thailand and Myanmar. Central and South America In Peru, tattooed Inca mummies dating to the 11th
century have been found. 16th century spanish
accounts of Mayan tattooing in Mexico and Central America reveal tattoos to be a sign of courage. North america Early Jesuit accounts testify to the widespread
practice of tattooing among native americans.
Among the chickasaw, outstanding warriors were recognized by their tattoos.
The first permanent tattoo shop in New York city was set up in 1846 and began a tradition by tattooing military service men from both sides of the civil war.
Samuel o'reilly invented the electrical tattooing machine in 1891. Circus The Maori do not use the
puncture method as they do
the chisel, with said instrument made from albatross bone and hammered into the skin. United States tattoo methods The Care and Removal of Tattoos.

Caring for a tattoo comes in many different shapes and methods. Depending on the size, type, area, your skin, and many other deciding factors. -Dry Heal- You do not touch the tattoo with any other substance other than what was applied that day of receiving. You keep it clean and dry throughout the healing process and you NEVER pick, peel, or go in the sun for long amounts of time for at least 3-6 weeks depending on size and area. -Wet Heal-
This is the time where
apply at least 4 times a
day a vitamin e enriched,
non scented, non petroleum
based moisturizer. -Care for: Colour work, Line work,
black and white work, and solid
-All types should never be picked.
That would removed pigment and
sometimes render that spot too scarred
to tattoo over any more.
Line- Does not always have to be cared
for as much as solid or colour work.
In a lot of cases, worry isn't necessary
unless the artist themselves messed up
the tattoo or you did not keep it
clean enough. - -Black and
white work should
be treated Identical
to colour and solid. Never pick or go into direct sunlight until healing is successful. LASER REMOVAL Not many people will go into detail
how painful, expensive, and sometimes
harmful laser tattoo removal can be. Laser tattoo removal can take even around 10 sessions depending on the size and area. After the first session, your skin blisters and burns without the char. As such >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> It may look quick and simple,
but imagine how many other
sessions this young man has to go
through. He has around 6 more
for how thickly the tattoo stretches
across his hand. Excision The removal of the tattoo
by cutting the skin away.
Make sure to think about
where you are going to place
tattoos before you get them.
THEY DO NOT come off
that easily. Other forms of body modification surround excision and scarification. Which, by far is not the healthiest of modifications. It's suggested, if not pressed that woman DO NOT get
tattooed whilst pregnant for it's a major open wound and sets you up for infection; therefor the fetus could be killed due to shock. Large Scale Tattoos vs
"Nickle and Dime" The misconception with tattoos these days; especially in America what with all the TV shows like Miami Ink or LA Ink; is that large scale work takes months and thousands of dollars. When you say you want a sleeve, make sure you have the time and the money for each coming month. In addition, it's recommended you wait 3-4 weeks per session if the tattoo is large and generally in the same area. Not to mention if it's colour and the amount of touch ups you're going to have to go through in the coming years just to keep it vibrant. Nickle and Dime They are just as they sound, tiny and
inexpensive. And where artists make their most
They are a category that includes:
-Single flowers
-Anything at shop minimum or below $100. Things That Go into Designing a Tattoo "You can't put 10 lbs
of stuff in a 5 lb bag." If you are designing your own tattoo, think
about what the artist has to work with
and try to juggle how much experience
they have with a piece you want.
The tighter a space gets with detail, the
possibility the artist cannot work with it.
And it saves you from having a blob
for a tattoo later in life. Make it thought out.
How original is this >
to this?
V A misconception is that
ink will get into your
blood. No it will not. Baths/Showers/water immersion:
Wait 24-48 hours after getting your tattoo before soaking in piped water, wait at least 3-4 days before going into anything warm. Salt water should not be entered for two weeks along with pool water.
Showers are okay throughout as long as you pat dry the tattoo. NEVER rest a hot cloth on the tattoo until it's completely healed. Tattoo ink sits
just under the surface of the dermis, which is below the epidermis. It has absorbed many cultures of
tattoo application but the standing
habit are tattoo machines. NOTE: Gun is not the correct
term for these
pieces of
machinery. Prominent Machines in the US 1: Rotary: Electric motor and armature bar, much like on old school trains. 2: Coil/Electromagnet: Connects and breaks the circuit at a measurable pace for make the needle "pop" up and down, elastics are used as guides for the needle/cluster. 3: Liner: You usually don't see these by themselves anymore. They've been meshed with the electromagnet over the years to render a smaller, lightweight, and manageable size. These little machines are most used when placing down the contour lines of the drawing, or the "outline". 4: Shader: Heavier and used with larger cluster needles, it runs at a slower oscillation than the liner would for the build up of colour, much like painting. 5: Pneumatic: An air compressor machine. The most popular
style of tattoo
is Tribal. Make sure you put
sunblock on every time
you want to go outside for
a while with exposed tattoos. Tattoos and Pregnancies The main concern about getting tattooed while being pregnant is contracting an infection. It is highly recommended to just wait until after the pregnancy. Scarification Scarification is a painful tattooing method that involves branding, burning, and cutting designs into the skin as a permanent skin modification.
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