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The Higaunon Tribe
Gelli Jean Tortosaon 22 January 2013
Transcript of The Higaunon Tribe
This term generally refers to the 18
Non-Moro Indigenous Communities in
Mindanao which, by force of colonization ,
were driven to the deepest hinterlands. HISTORY,
LANGUAGE THEIR CULTURE The culture of
the Higaonon tribe can
be best described as
one of peace, for solving
the internal conflicts
of other ethnic groups. Higaonons are true peace loving
people and also known as
weavers of peace.
The strive for peace is expressed in
their traditional fabric,
the Hinabol. The Higaonon Tribe THE HIGAONON 'LUMAD'
OF MINDANAO On the whole, the Lumad of Mindanao,
before being conquered, preserved their own lives. They clung to their communal views
of the land, to their co-operative work
exchanges, communal ritual, dances,
songs and folklores. Discovering their historical background. Several hundred years ago,
the Spaniards, preoccupied
with their desperate, but
unsuccessful attempt on
subduing the fierce and
resolute Moro resistance,
did little alter the developing
non-Moro communities. Written accounts suggest that the term HIGAONON is a combination of the root words:
'HIGA' which means 'to live ' or to reside' or 'to lay in bed';
'GAON' which means 'mountain'; and
ONON which means 'people'.
They are described as the “people of the living mountains” and “people of the wilderness.” Except for the
dislocation of the Lumads
in the north and north-eastern
seaboards, the majority of
Lumads were unaffected
by Spanish colonization.
The Higaonan were one on
these Indigenous Peoples. Higaonon Language is a one of the language
in the Philippines spoken by the people in
the region of Misamis Oriental, south of
Ginoog city, North central Mindanao. KNOWING THEIR RELIGION
AND EDUCATION The indigenous religion of the Hiagonon no longer
exists. Vestiges of this still remain with the older
generation. Even when already Christianized, no one
is against the recounting of stories concerning
their traditional religion. Marriages, baptisms and
other sacraments are done in churches
administered by the Catholic priest or Protestant
minister, respectively. When baptized the Higaonon
keeps two names - a Christian and an Higaonon name. They practice an ancient ritual
called tampudas hu Balagun
(treaty of the green vine branch);
literally, it means cutting the
vine and symbolically, cutting
disputes between ethnic groups. The Bunkatol Ha Bulawan Daw Nang Ka Tasa ha Lana (“Treasured Unity of Love and Peace”) is a code of conduct they faithfully follow, a sacred bond that unites their community. The term Hinabol is a Binukid term for hand-woven textile from the south of
the Philippines and comes from the verb habol, which means to weave.
This kind of fabric is used to refer to
the woven hemp that is made by the women of the Higaonon and characterized by the typical colourful stripes in varying thickness, unique patterns and many creative colours. The weavers will choose the traditional colours according to how and what they are feeling that particular day. The Kinatup and the Ginuntiyan are uncommon patterns as they are only woven by the wives of the Datu, generally an elder of the community which is trained in spirituality and education. These patterns are considered sacred and the ones that are used for offerings. The best hinabol fabrics are woven
into kamuyot, some sort of backpack
or slingbag that is used to carry their
bolos and practised as offering to their
God or as a peace offering during
conflicts with other local tribes. RECENT ISSUES
HIGAONON Higaonon leader Datu Jomorito Guaynon of Bukidnon chided Noynoy for dodging the real issues and not “learning from the lessons of the past.”
Sr. Matutina, Morales and Guaynon are part of more than 70 indigenous peoples’ leaders, environment advocates, and victims and relatives of mining-related human rights violations, which compose the delegation of Manilakbayan, a Mindanao peoples’ mobilization in Metro Manila. The mobilization calls for the stop of large-scale mining and the killing of large-scale mining oppositionists including indigenous peoples. One of the recent issues concerning the IP is about calling the President Aquino to scrap mining policy to avert another Pablo apocalypse. This policy is allowing large-scale mining operations in the light of the latest disasters in Mindanao where super typhoon Pablo claimed more than two hundred lives in the provinces of Compostela Valley and Davao Oriental which have not experienced typhoons in recent years. ENVIRONMENT In their letter to the Commission of Human Rights, community members commemorated and presented the names of community members and supporters whose deaths have not yet seen justice.
There were many Higaonons in the list. This is all about the 15th Year Of IPRA - End Violence Vs Indigenous Peoples.
IPs including Higaonon presented their demand for the urgent investigation of the atrocities committed against their communities, and to stop the escalating danger they face. They reiterated their call for the vindication and resolution of human rights violations against indigenous peoples. POLITICAL ISSUES More than their call for
respect for their right to
their ancestral lands and to
self-determination, they demand
for their basic right to be
recognized as humans and
thus treated humanely. The government’s response
to their protest against the
ravage of our lands is brutal,
to say the very obvious. They demand
to be respected as dignified beings,
not pitted against each other like
cocks, one ordered to kill another
for a little amount of money. Three years ago, three datus
were killed. None of these killings have
been resolved. All for the same reason
– the development that the
Philippine government wants which
excludes them, the indigenous peoples,
the original and rightful
inhabitants of their
ancestral lands. It is under this socio-cultural issues because
it is about the IP’s demand for basic rights to be recognized as humans and treated humanely.
Over the years, countless of their indigenous brothers and sisters have been killed, tortured and threatened.
Last year, they faced a similar killing of their
Higaonon brother from Esperanza,
Agusan del Sur. SOCIO-CULTURAL ISSUES EDUCATION It is stated in Senate Bill No. 2814,
Section 3.3 of Anti-Ethnic or Racial
Profiling and Discrimination Act of 2011.
“Education” refers to all types and
levels of education, and includes
access to education, the standard and
quality of education, and the conditions under which it is given. ACTIONS TO RESOLVE ISSUES CONCERNING THE HIGAONONS SEC. 2. Declaration of Policy. – It is hereby declared as the policy of the State to:
a) Maintain peace and order, protect life, liberty and property, and promote the general welfare for the enjoyment by all people the blessings of democracy;
b) Promote a just and dynamic social order that will ensure the prosperity and independence of the nation and free the people from poverty through policies that provide adequate social services, promote full employment, a rising standard of living and an improved quality of life for all regardless of race, ethnicily, religion or color; SBN 2814 : Anti-Ethnic or Racial Profiling and Discrimination Act of 2011 It is declared the policy of the state to protect
the traditional cultural heritage of the
indigenous peoples of the Philippines; and
safeguard the intrinsic values, whether tangible
or intangible; and to support traditional artists
and artisans in their contributions to their
respective ethnic cultures and national heritage
by ensuring that their rights are safeguarded. RA No. 8371 : The Indigenous Peoples Rights Act of 1997 Sec. 1 Title. This Act shall be known as the Philippine Mining Act of 1995.
Sec. 2 Declaration of Policy. All mineral resources in public and
private lands within the territory and exclusive economic zone
of the Republic of the Philippines are owned by the State. It
shall be the responsibility of the State to promote their
rational exploration, development, utilization and
conservation through the combined efforts of government
and the private sector in order to enhance national growth in
a way that effectively safeguards the environment and protect
the rights of affected communities. Republic Act No. 7942 THAT'S ALL FOLKS ^_^ Group Leader: Sabalbaro, Rea May B.
Group Secretary: Tortosa, Gelli Jean V.
Buenaventura, Jayven M.
Encarquez, Aloha A.
Larongco, Argel Q.
Romulo, Daisy Mae L.