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The relationship between science and religion

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Candace Tay

on 20 April 2015

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Transcript of The relationship between science and religion

direction of Mecca
What is
SCIENCE
?
pursuit and application of knowledge and understanding of the natural and social world following a systematic methodology
based on evidence
What

is

RELIGION
?
How do we know things in science?
Scientific Method
- Ask a question
- Do background research
- Construct a hypothesis
- Do an experiment
- Analyze Data and Draw Conclusions
- Share Results
how do we know things
in

Religion
?
Relationship between
science
and
religion
by: Ken Jay Vanessa Candace
Conclusion
Comparison between Scientific and Christian beliefs
how do science and religion relate?
conflict
Independence
Dialogue

"
Religion
is based upon
disclosure

(or "
revelation
") by its prophets"
"
scientia
" = knowledge
- exciting
- useful
-ongoing
- global human endeavor
Sacred
texts &
Holy
books
- knowledge and process
holy bible
quran
CHRISTIANITY
ISLAM
W rld Views
Spiritual
leaders &
Religious
teachers
Religious
buildings &
Sacred
architectures
JUDAISM
- different aspects
tanakh
-

mutually exclusive
?
- freedom
: life in
wholeness

BUDDHISM
tripitaka
HINDUISM
- separate domains
vedas
Ian Barbour
Integration
"Science without Religion is
LAME
; Religion without Science is
BLIND
"
- Albert Einstein
"One of the greatest tragedies of our time is this
impression
that has been created that
science and religion have to be at war
.
" - Francis Collins

An organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems,
and world views, concerning the cause, nature, and
purpose of the universe.
NATURAL THEOLOGY
- major contributor
THEOLOGY OF NATURE
- Templeton Prize
PROCESS PHILOSOPHY
"Both science and religion contribute to an inclusive metaphysics."
- starting point
" the
search
for evidence of
God—
his existence, attributes, and actions—
in nature
"
- christian perspective
John 3:16
1) Transcendence
2) Immanence
3) Providence
4) Self-limitation
it is up to
you
to
decide
RELIGION
SCIENCE
"the goal of science is understanding lawful relations among natural phenomena. Religion is a way of life within larger framework of meaning."
- 4 models
determinism =
alternative
potentialities
=
the world is a network of interactions
HUMAN LIFE
NONHUMAN
- Supernatural

- Institution

- Practices

- Relationship with the universe
Religion
comes from the Latin word
Religio


Religare
= Return /To link or join
Science:
partial
view
Religion:
exclusive
view

Text References
guru
monk
pope
bishop
imam
THIS THEOLOGY =
- Communication of science and religion
- Allows the sharing of ideas
- Not meant to prioritize
-God is the primary cause and works through secondary causes, which science can describe

Scientific
Belief
- Based on evidence
- Usually seen in nature
- Makes theory according to
evidence
- Nature could be observed
- Natural Cause and Effect
Religious
Belief
- Faith
- Supernatural Being
- Claims idea to be true
- God's Natural laws
- God rules the world

Biblical Literalism vs. Scientific Materialism
Barbour, I. (2000). When Science Meets Religion: Enemies, Strangers or Partners? US: Harper Collins

Gelatt H. (n.d.). Science and religion as worldviews. Gelatt partners. Retrieved from http://www.gelattpartners.com/images/Science_and_Religion_as_Worldviews_by_H_B_Gelatt_091609.pdf

Giberson K. (2011). The relationship between science and religion. The Biologos Forum. Retrieved from http://biologos.org/blog/the-relationship-between-science-and-religion

Harvey A. (n.d.). Natural Theology and Theology of Nature. Retrieved from http://steamdoc.s5.com/sci-nature/Chapter4.pdf

Hayhoe D. (n.d.). Science and Religion. Dunlops.org. Retrieved from http://www.dunlops.org/dads/dads-images/science_and_religion-Hayhoe.htm

No author. (2009). What is science?. Science council. Retrieved from http://www.sciencecouncil.org/definition

No author. (n.d.). What is science? Understanding Science how science really works. Retrieved from http://undsci.berkeley.edu/article/whatisscience_01

No author. (n.d.). What is Natural Theology? Retrieved from http://www.giffordlectures.org/overview/natural-theology

No author. (n.d.). What is natural theology? Retrieved from http://www.gotquestions.org/natural-theology.html

No author. (n.d). Ian G. Barbour. University of Alberta. Retrieved from http://www.ualberta.ca/~dlamoure/nm2.pdf

Pallotti D. (n.d.). Models for Understanding the Emerging Relationship Between Religion and Science. Retrieved from http://deaconbob.stjosephbristol.org/peacemaking/religion_science.html

Topp J. (2011). Integration: It's not just calculus and social science. Retrieved from https://scienceandtheology.wordpress.com/2011/03/17/integration-its-not-just-calculus-and-social-science/

Deacon Robert M. Pallotti (n.d) Models for Understanding the Emerging Relationship Between Religion and Science. Retrieved from http://deaconbob.stjosephbristol.org/peacemaking/religion_science.html

No author (n.d) Barbour's Typologies. Retrieved from http://serc.carleton.edu/sp/library/sac/examples/barbour.html

No author (2010) Science and Religion: Barbour’s 4 models. Retrieved from https://scienceandtheology.wordpress.com/2010/11/11/science-and-religion-barbours-4-models/




Principle : Bible reveals true science

- No conflicts, inaccuracies, in
the bible

- Scientists are mistaken in their
investigations into origins
Biblical
Literalism
Are scientists hostile to religions?
Scientific Materialism
Principle: Reality is nothing but energy & matter

"Scientific method is the only reliable path to knowledge"


- Completely neutral with respect to their own world view

- Everything in life is reducible to physical process



< God is a Supreme Being; invisible, omnipotent and wise >
* conflicting arguments:
CONSENSUS
Creation myths
Metaphysical system
Science vs. Hinduism
non metaphysical
1) existence of God and the beliefs in Him
Romans 1:20
"For since the creation of the world
God's invisible qualities—his eternal power
and divine nature—have been clearly seen,
being understood from."
2) lack of God's love and mercy
"For God so loved the world, that
he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever
believeth in him should not perish,
but have everlasting life."
3) Nature =/= God
2 Corinthians 4:4
In their case the god of this world
has blinded the minds of the unbelievers,
to keep them from seeing the light of
the gospel of the glory of.
ex:
Rig Veda
"who knows, who ever told, from whence this vast creation rose? No gods had then been born- who then can e'er the truth disclose? Whence sprang this wd, and whether framed by hand divine or no - its lord in heaven alone can tell, if even he can show."
Indian Cosmology
the order of the Universe
Hindu
"For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, declares the Lord. For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts."
Isaiah 55:8-9
Transcendence
Immanence
physical brain
"That they should seek God, in the hope that they might feel their way toward him and find him. Yet he is actually not far from each one of us."
Acts 17:27
mind
consciousness
Providence
physical reality
Acts 17:28
For “‘In him we live and move and have our being’; as even some of your own poets have said, “‘For we are indeed his offspring.’
Romans 12:1-2
"I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship. Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that by testing you may discern what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect."
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Lower knowledge: rites and rituals , scholarly study

Higher Knowledge: Atman and Brahman (liberation)
1. Tulsi plant (Basil leaves) - immune system strong
2. Holy ash on forehead - removes excess water
3. "Om" - reduces heart rate
Science vs. Islam
pursuit of science
prophet Muhammad : "an hour's study of nature is better than a year's payer"
emphasis on scientific knowledge
"Read"
material world: God's signs
religious requirements
prayers
start of Ramadan
"God increase me in my knowledge"
God is above all
God is with us at all times
God provides our needs
God allows us to have freedom of choice
denial of God = blinded mind
god's invisibility in nature =
unapproved existence
Full transcript