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Freshwater Wetland Biome

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Nicole Lippelt

on 5 September 2013

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Transcript of Freshwater Wetland Biome

Freshwater Wetland Biome
Wetland
A wetland is an area of land that is periodically under water or whose soil contains a great deal of moisture.
Photos
Message
Whether you are a thrill seeker looking for an adventure through the alligator filled swamps or someone who just wants to enjoy a
stroll through a beautiful sightseeing marsh, visit the freshwater wetlands of the United States! Get to share your experience in Florida by visiting
one of the country's largest freshwater wetland, The Everglades! Set sight on the many different organisms and plants that are only seen in wetlands
and bring home souvenirs in the local gift shops! It is an unbelievable and unforgettable adventure appropriate for all ages! Educate your loved ones
with learning about the uniqueness of this biome and the important role it plays in our world! This ranges from controlling: floods, pollution, and
waste distribution! Make your reservations in your favored season and get to see for yourself the wonders of the wetlands (that are also seen on television)!

Location
Most of the freshwater wetlands in the United States will be found on the South East.
Florida has the largest freshwater wetland.
Worldwide wetlands are located in every continent except Antarctica.
They can be found north of the equator in the United States.
The latitude can range from 25*N - 50*N and go across the entire country.
There are different altitudes depending on the type of wetland and location.
Plants and their adaptations
The species of trees and shrubs in swamps depend on the salinity of the water and climates of the area.
In swamps for example, mangroves are trees that grow in saltwater swamps in tropical climates. Cattails are usually found in marshes.
Average Temperature
Summers are moderately warm while winters are moderately cold.
In Florida, the Average minimum temperature is 71*F/22*C and the maximum reaches 81*F/27*C.
In a moderate zone, such as the Gulf of Mexico, a typical temperature might be 11°C (51 °F).
Wetlands found in the tropic zone, around the equator, are warm year round.
Average
Rainfall
In the northern areas of North America, wetlands exist where as little as 180 mm (7 inches) of rain fall each year.
In Florida, the average annual rainfall is 45.44 inches (115.4cm)
Animals and their adaptations
More than one-third of the United States' threatened and endangered species live only in wetlands, and nearly half use wetlands at some point in their lives
Marshes are home to yellow-headed and red-winged blackbirds, herons, egrets, rails, bitterns, moorhens, ducks and geese, muskrats, amphibians (frogs, toads and salamanders), leeches, and aquatic, flying, and grazing insects, and sometimes moose.
Amphibians such as frogs have long legs and tongues to reach or capture insects. Tadpoles require water in order to grow.
Grebes and ducks have flat beaks for sifting through the water for fish and insects. Water birds, such as herons, have spear-like beaks that are used to grasp small fish and to probe for frogs buried in the mud.
Organisms that live in and around a marsh are generally adapted to the different salinity levels of the water.
Unique Features
There are many types of wetlands. The main ones being swamps which are more woody and marshes that are more of plants.
They can contain large amounts of plants which result in high levels of nutrients.
They take in, trap, and filter sediments, nutrients, and pollutants which help keep lakes, reservoirs, and oceans clean.
Wetlands protect agriculture, infrastructure, and human health and safety.
Buffers shorelines against erosion.
Provides habitat for rare, threatened, and endangered species.
Provides many recreational areas for activities.
Most migratory species, in fact, rely on a network of wetlands to get from their southern habitats to nest sites further north.
Many of the freshwater game fish caught in the United States each year use the wetlands for feeding and spawning.
Wetland vegetation also traps carbon that could be released as carbon dioxide which may be leading to rising temperatures.
Threats
On Humans: If not careful, alligators might be present. The water is not suitable for consumption. Cultural benefits may be affected.
On Wetland: Loss of wetland will have major affects on the ecosystem and environment.
On Environment: Habitat destruction, food web destruction, pollutant management, floodwater management, greenhouse gas emissions management, and water sustainability. .
From Humans: Drainage, development, over-grazing, mining, and unsustainable water use.
Map of location
Global Map
National Map
A marsh is a type of wetland that contains nonwoody plants, such as cattails.
Marsh
(Cattails)
Swamps are another type of wetland that are dominated by woody plants such as trees and shrubs.
Swamps
Great egrets inhabit wetlands around the world. Wetlands and marshes are important habitats for birds, providing ample places to breed, nest, and feed
Animal - Great Egret
The most common animal/reptile that is known to be living in swamps.
Alligator
Wetland
Rivers, lakes, and the ocean make up wetlands.
Tourist Attraction
Take a bout tour through the Florida Everglades and prepare to see thrilling sites of the animals that reside there! Don't be afraid to get wet! $6 per person.
Boat Tour
Go canoeing or hiking through the wetland and reach a destination stop at one of the alligator shops!
Activities
Bird using beak to capture fish
Did you know?
Wetlands are places were plants and animals live amid standing water or saturated soils. They are sometimes called swamps, sloughs, potholes, marshes, bogs, fens, seeps, oxbows, shallow ponds or wet meadows
Citations
"Global Environmental Problems 2013." Global Environmental Problems 2013. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013.
www.nationalgeo.com
National Parks Service, 25 Aug. 2013. Web. 05 Sept. 2013.
"Natural Resources Conservation Service." Wetlands National Assessment. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013.
"Wetlands." About.com Geography. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013.
"Wetlands." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013. <http://water.epa.gov/type/wetlands/index.cfm>.
"What Are Freshwater Wetlands?" What Are Freshwater Wetlands? N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013. <http://www.mbgnet.net/fresh/wetlands/what.htm>.
"Var Addthis_pub="blankparkzoo"; Wetlands Description." Wetlands Description. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013. <http://www.blankparkzoo.com/en/education/resources/wetlands_description/>.
"KDE Santa Barbara." KDE Santa Barbara. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013. <http://kids.nceas.ucsb.edu/biomes/freshwaterwetlands.html>.
"Wetland Issues." Index. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013. <http://www.soil.ncsu.edu/publications/Soilfacts/AG-439-26/>.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wetland#Rainfall
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