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Technology in the Library
Transcript of Technology in the Library
Overdrive "Unlike the progress of automation
(modernization) during the past thirty years, which focused on the implementation and management of technology, the agenda for the start of the next century is almost entirely dominated by addressing the effects and implications of technological change."
(Lynch 2000) Microphotography Recordak machines Used for reproduction and archiving 21st Century Agenda: IT costs begin to drop, making larger scale applications more possible such as:
catalogs for patrons
systems Modernization Innovation Transformation Typewritten catalog cards were controversial 1880's 1950's Punched-cards Federal Funding 1930's Birth of Information Technology 1960's First Digital Library 1970's "Computerization" 1980's Improved service LSA spurs
involving computers and shared bibliographic services like OCLC. 1960: First machine-readable text stored electronically and accessible on-line
1964: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System (MEDLARS) pioneered machine-readable database creation service
1964 New York World’s Fair
First public demonstration
of online information retrieval over standard telephone lines Founder Michael Hart
first digitized the
Declaration of Independence on one of the 15 nodes of the ARPANET network. Barcodes Bar codes changed circulation procedures dramatically:
Made statistics tracking easier Internet and the World Wide Web 1990's 1991: Internet backbone goes commercial and
(World Wide Web)
2000’s: eReaders & Smart phones
2010: First iPad released Mobile Devices 2000's Technology becomes faster & cheaper
Multimedia content: video, images & audio
Quick access to information fosters more demand of full text content availability and ignoring of print-only media RFID: Radio Frequency Identification Device Advantages of RFIDs over barcodes:
Speed & scope of scanning
Up to the minute records
Privacy Concerns Social Media Mobile Technology Digital Libraries Electrical wiring and outlet placement,
Expansion of computer
Wireless availability Impact on Physical Library Speed drives
demand A presentation by:
Barb Wilson http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=antique%20telephone&ex=2#ai:MP900289864| http://officeimg.vo.msecnd.net/en-us/images/MH900289913.jpg http://www.columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/twopunches.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f2/Hollerith_punched_card.jpg http://www.shorelinerecordsmanagement.com/Portals/85764/images/microfilm%20reader.jpg Dwight D. Eisenhower. (2013). The History Channel website. Retrieved 8:38, April 12, 2013, from http://www.history.com/photos/dwight-d-eisenhower http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/11/New_York_World%27s_Fair_August_1964.jpeg/400px-New_York_World%27s_Fair_August_1964.jpeg http://www.harryonline.net/assets/project_gutenberg_logo.png http://www.babyboomercentral.com.au/images3/barcode.jpg http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=computer&ex=2#ai:MC900432646|mt:1| http://www.computerhistory.org/timeline/images/1993_mosaic_browser_large.jpg http://www.paginaswebdeguatemala.com/multimedia.html http://www.librarydesign.com/products_computer.html http://store.storeimages.cdn-apple.com/3323/as-images.apple.com/is/image/AppleInc/REFURB-IPAD-WIFI3G-BLK-2012?wid=185&hei=185&fmt=jpeg&qlt=95&op_sharpen=0&resMode=bicub&op_usm=0.5,0.5,0,0&iccEmbed=0&layer=comp&.v=1354646182682
http://www.oclc.org/en-US/worldcat-org/features/mobileapps.html http://www.envisionware.com/sites/all/themes/theme325/graphics/RFID_Tags.png http://cdn.librarysciencelist.com/tfw_librarian_new.jpg 78%
Media Hennepin County Library Site
(Mobile-Optimized) St. Paul Public Library App 14%
mobile-friendly sites 34.7%
offer apps 2010-2011 Study
E-book vs. print circulation http://web.ebscohost.com.pearl.st50cakate.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=dfa8bf62--45a3-bfec-1277b8c63379%40sessionmgr4&vid=5&hid=1 Digitized items
Born-digital items Access Preservation 24/7 availability
No physical constraints
Rare items can reach wider audience
Optical Character Recognition (OCR) for improved searching From Purdue University e-Archives: 1937 Amelia Earhart report http://earchives.lib.purdue.edu/cdm4/document.php?CISOROOT=/earhart&CISOPTR=3011&REC=3 Can be used to keep record of weeded physical items
Necessary for born-digital items
Requires regular maintenance http://gbennett.whsites.netzencartindex.phpmain_page=product_info&products_id=208 http://goodereader.com/blog/uploads/images/harper-collins-logo-rm-eng.jpg
http://goodereader.com/blog/uploads/images/0564d4ec4885448fc55b26b11c1ae743.png Issues with Publishers Collaboration Increase availability of resources
Reduce collections costs Currently 30 million+ books in digital collection
Estimated 130 million books published worldwide, goal is to have them all digitized by the end of the decade http://edudemic.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/google-digital-library.png Digital Rights Management (DRM)
Restricts use and access of digital material to protect copyright
Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA): prohibits creation/use of technology that circumvents measures that control access to copyrighted works
First-Sale doctrine does not apply to digital items
Disproportionate number of public domain items represented in digital collections Copyright https://static.fsf.org/nosvn/dbd/sites/www.defectivebydesign.org/files/images/book-locked-smaller.png Smartphone use up 81% in 2012 Skyrocketing Growth Tablets up 2.5-fold in 2012 Benefits Collection Building and Digital Resources Be aware of DRM
Individual items vs packages
E-journals-will back issues be lost if subscription is canceled?
User needs Benefits Dialogue with users
Diversity Concerns Measuring results
Lack of participation 2012 2013 Virtual Reference Services St. Paul Public Library site
(not optimized) Flexibility
Connecting with youth & ethnic minorities
Low-cost Concerns Privacy
Loss of face-to-face interaction http://www.imls.gov/assets/1/AssetManager/OpportunityForAll.pdf Libraries are information providers! Internet access is another way to connect a community with information.
As more tasks move online, computers are necessary to fill out a job application, complete a tax form or get information about government services. Technology in libraries is not just about providing access, but also about providing training and assistance to patrons. Most common classes offered by libraries
Basic computer and Internet skills: using a mouse, e-mail, word processing, keyboarding, Internet search.
Job related classes: building a resume, online job search/application.
E-books, e-readers and tablets.
Photoshop or other art/design software; using digital cameras.
Family history research (Ancestry.com and related family tree software).
Libraries also create handouts or wikis, or interactive games that allow practice of skills.
For example, the Palm Beach Library has created a game to teach patrons how to use a mouse. http://www.chipublib.org/dir_images/programs/cyber_nav150x120.jpg The Chicago Public Library stations tech experts at different branches:
CyberNavigators offer both small group classes and one-on-one sessions at 45 library locations throughout the city. One-on-one sessions are by appointment only and may last up to one hour. Public libraries work hard to help people find work.
In 2011, over three-quarters of public libraries reported helping job seekers create resumes and find online resources. Almost half reported offering formal classes on job-related topics. http://robinsfox.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/tug_of_war.jpg Demand vs Funding!
As demand for service increases, budget must consider:
Hiring and training of staff
Added computer workstations
Upgrading networks or increasing bandwidth
Longer library hours http://librarystaffdevelopment.wikispaces.com/file/view/beat-computer.jpg/236340608/114x108/beat-computer.jpg Training plan
Reduces stress on library staff and patrons
Partner with experts (technical services?)
Staff can become “experts” on a topic and lead group sessions
Time and funding are desirable Text Success