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Timeline of Robotics Innovations
Transcript of Timeline of Robotics Innovations
Yashaayan Yogeswaran (http://images4.alphacoders.com/207/20724.jpg) Timeline 1700 to 1900
Life sized machines were created and Jacques de Vaucanson made the most successful mechanical duck that was able to perform realistic actions such as flap its wings and even swallow food. Mechanical Duck
(http://www.thocp.net/reference/robotics/pictures/vaucanson_mechanical_duck_drums1738.jpg) The first moving conveyor/belt- based assembly was assembled by Henry Ford to assist in his factory.
1913 The first robot production, the “Lilliput” which was wind-up toy that could walk, was manufactured in Japan. It stood only about 15cm tall. The “Lilliput” (http://zandbroz.fatcow.com/store/media/fun/lilliput.jpg)
A story written by Asimov applied the “Three Laws of Robotics":
1.“A robot may not injure a human, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.” Quoted Asimov
2.“A robot must obey the orders it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.” Quoted Asimov
3.“A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.” Quoted Asimov Isaac Asimov (http://s.fixquotes.com/files/author/isaac-asimov_ddhfB.jpg) Norbert Weiner published research on artificial intelligence, cybernetics.
The pioneer of robotics also known as William Grey Walter, invented the robots Elmer and Elsie, that can mimic realistic human behaviour by using electronics. Norbert Weiner (http://onionesquereality.files.wordpress.com/2008/01/norbert_wiener_3.jpg) Elmer and Elsie (http://www.extremenxt.com/elsie.jpg)
The “Turing test” suggested by Alan Turing would be able to determine if a machine/ robot can think for itself. The first ever robot “arm” and the first ever industrial robot was programmed by George Devol and Joe Engleberger, which was used in the General Motors assembly to perform repetitive and dangerous tasks. Robot “arm” (http://lumenosys.com/images/devol-engelberger_1_.jpg) “Squee”, the first electronic robot squirrel was invented by George Devol and Joseph Engelberger who late formed first Robot Company in the world. Squee (http://www.thocp.net/reference/robotics/pictures/squee.gif) The first ever orbiting satellite, the “Sputnik”, was launched by the Soviet Union. This event triggered the beginning of the space race. Sputnik (http://astroprofspage.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/07/Sputnik_teck.jpg) General Motors automobile company introduced the first industrial robot called “Unimate”. Unimate (http://www.gizmodo.fr/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Unimate.jpg) The “Rancho Arm” was the first artificial robotic arm invented and could be controlled by a computer; it was meant to be used as tool for the handicapped and provided the same flexibility as a human arm. The Rancho Arm (http://archive.computerhistory.org/resources/still-image/robots/rancho_arm.2003.102654000.lg.jpg) The first ever computer to be mass produced was the IBM 360. IBM 360 (http://www.uh.edu/engines/ibm360.jpg) Marvin Minsky developed the first octopus-like Tentacle Arm. Marvin Minsky’s Tentacle Arm (http://s7.computerhistory.org/is/image/CHM/102693527-03-01?$re-inline-artifact$) The first electrically powered, computer controlled robot arm, “The Stanford Arm”, was invented. The Stanford Arm (http://cdn.dipity.com/uploads/events/084fd4614dcbea60202a117582d9df13_1M.png) Neil Armstrong lands on the moon due to the development of computing, robotic and space technology by the United States. Neil Armstrong on the moon (http://kategale.files.wordpress.com/2010/01/apollo-11-moon-landing-4.jpg) The first mobile robot, Shakey, was developed by SRI international and the robot was controlled by artificial intelligence. Shakey (http://www.frc.ri.cmu.edu/~hpm/book98/fig.ch2/Shakey.150.jpg) “The Silver Arm”, a robotic arm that used touch and pressure sensors to perform parts assembly was designed. The Silver Arm (http://www.frc.ri.cmu.edu/~hpm/project.archive/Image.Archive/Computer.Museum.1987/Silver%20Arm.jpg) The robotic cart called the Standford Cart was able to cross a room filled with chairs using cameras and built in computers to analyze the obstacles without human assistance. The Stanford Cart (http://cyberneticzoo.com/wp-content/uploads/StanfordCart-Moravec-x640.jpg) Honda sets to develop a walking humanoid robot. The beginning of Honda’s walking humanoid (http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/images/facts/robottimeline/earlyhumanoid.jpg) Dante II, the first eight legged walking robot was developed to explore the and collect volcanic gas samples. Dante II (http://amfrobotics.edublogs.org/files/2008/02/dante-ii.jpg) Deep Blue, a computer developed by IBM beat the world chess champion Garry Kasparov on May 11 Deep Blue playing against Garry Kasparov (http://www.thetech.org/exhibits/online/robotics/universal/images/p11_kasparov_breakout.jpg) 1997 The first robot played soccer tournament. Robocup, is held in Japan. Robocup sets its goal that by the year 2050 fully automated team of robots would beat the world’s best soccer team. Robocup (http://www.unmanned.vt.edu/news/images/robocupDARwInVsTUD800x600.jpg) Robotics Inventions System was launched by LEGO Robotics Inventions System (http://www.dubaiastronomy.com/Portals/0/all%20images/robot/image002.jpg)
Aibo, a robot dog was developed by Sony that had the ability to learn, entertain and communicate with its owner. Figure 23: Aibo (http://i2.cdn.turner.com/money/galleries/2009/technology/0906/gallery.sony_hits_misses.fortune/images/aibo_robot_dog.jpg) Humanoid robot, ASIMO, was introduced by Honda. Asimo (http://www.lgblog.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/honda_asimo.jpg)
The smallest robot helicopter was developed by Epsom that stood around 7 cm high and weighed around 10 grams. Its purpose was to be used as a camera during world disasters. Epsom’s smallest helicopter robot (http://cdn.dipity.com/uploads/events/a8eb491b69cc251ac22a0ac375e3626a_1M.png) Cornell University researchers invented the first self-replicating robot that was able to use magnets to link itself with other “cubes”. Cornell University’s self-replicating robots (http://cdn.dipity.com/uploads/events/6a5249b46d78ec01dfd59f8856170319_1M.png)
The mass production of the robotic vacuum cleaner, Roomba, inspired the future of domestic technology. Roomba (http://www.robotshop.com/gorobotics/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/irobot-roomba-560.jpg) 2013 The Past The Present The Future 100 Year Projection
(http://www.viewzone.com/robotworkers.future.jpg) Future artificial intelligence (http://intelligent-future.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/artificial_intelligence.jpg) Nanorobots
-Albus, J. S., & Engelberger, J. F. (2013). Robot. Encyclopedia Americana. Retrieved February 10, 2013, from Grolier Online http://ea.grolier.com/article?id=0334530-00
-Bellis, M. (2012). Inventors. Retrieved from http://inventors.about.com/od/roboticsrobots/a/RoboTimeline.htm
-Science kids: Fun science&technology for kids. (06 N). Retrieved from http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/technology/historyofrobotics.html
-Buckley, R. V. (2013). Robot. Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Retrieved February 11, 2013, from Grolier Online http://gme.grolier.com/article?assetid=0248840-0 Alan Turing
(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/c8/Alan_Turing_photo.jpg/200px-Alan_Turing_photo.jpg) 1700 Curiosity is a Mars Rover that was built by NASA. The rover is currently exploring the Martian surface gathering valuable data. The rover is equipped with hundreds of instruments that allow it to do experiments. Robots are now going to places where human have never been before Curiosity
(http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/the-curious-wavefunction/files/2012/08/Curiosity_beam_500.jpg) 1900 First Conveyor belt
(http://www.makingtracks.org/images/thumbs/1913_thumb.jpg ) 1932 1948 1942 1950 1954 1956 1957 1961 1963 1964 1968 1969 1970 1974 1979 1986 2000 1998 2005 2012 2008 2004 1999 1994 Technology -Advancement in robotics such as nanorobots 2038
-Advancement in computer and robot brains that can be rivaled with human intelligence 2063 Futuristic Robot Brains
(http://i.istockimg.com/file_thumbview_approve/13148141/2/stock-photo-13148141-cool-futuristic-robot.jpg) 2088 -Advancement in artificial intelligence , that control and protect communication and information around the world -Robots that look like real humans and behave like humans 2113