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History of Rock Music: Chapter 11
Transcript of History of Rock Music: Chapter 11
Rock and Roll History XI
Source: Shirley, 144-145.
In the 1980s “biracial English bands like General Public, English Beat, and the Fine Young Cannibals successfully combined the best elements of rock and roll and Jamaican music on their recordings.”
Source: Shirley, 136.
“At their best combined hard, aggressive rhythms and pure, irresistible melodies as successfully as Little Richard, Jimi Hendrix and the Clash. At their worst, they simply made noise.”
Among the best were: the Replacements’ Let It Be, Sonic Youth’s Daydream Nation, Husker Dü’s Zen Arcade, and the Minutemen’s Double Nickels on a Dime.
Source: Shirley, 146.
“World music” resulted from the combining of rock styles with elements of Brazilian, African, Afro-Cuban, Middle Eastern, or Indian music.
Established artists such as David Byrne, Peter Gabriel and Paul Simon (e.g., Graceland) released “world music” recordings.
Other world music artists include: Milton Nascimento, Ladysmith Black Mambazo, Youssou N’Dour, Black Uhuru, Caetano Veloso, and King Sunny Ade.
Source: Shirley, 145.
During the late 80s rap was “inspired by the near spoken cadences of reggae and the muted rage of 1970s urban street poetry.”
“It combined hard, repetitive rhythms; rhymed, harshly spoken verses, and an innovative style of sampling the recordings of other artists.”
Following Run-DMC’s duet with Aerosmith on “Walk this Way,” rap began to gain a following with young white rock and roll fans.
“Rap was responsible for some of the most powerful and innovative musical performances of the late 80s and early 90s.” Examples include: KRS-One’s By Any Means Necessary, Public Enemy’s It Takes a Nation of Millions, and Ice Cube’s The Predator.
Soon a new wave of rap musicians like the Digable Planets, P.M. Dawn, and Gang Star’s Guru began to mix elements of jazz, R&B and pop into their music.
Emergence of Rap
Sources: Shirley, 143-144. Yahoo! Images. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Jackson
Most successful recording of all time.
Produced by Quincy Jones, Thriller featured a duet with Paul McCartney (“The Girl Is Mine” remix), “Beat It,” and “Billie Jean.” The videos featured his considerable dancing talent.
1987 saw the release of Bad, another “impressive recording of slickly produced ballads and dance tunes” which sold almost 20 million copies.
In 1991 he released Dangerous with songs containing a “coldness and bitterness that far fewer listeners could relate to.”
1995 saw the release of HIStory, Past, Present and Future, Book I. It was his first album released since the 1993 accusations of child abuse. Several of the double album’s fifteen songs dealt with the accusations and also with themes of “environmental awareness, greed, isolation, and injustice.”
Sources: Shirley, 140-141. Yahoo! Images.
Album cover, Like a Prayer.
Starred in disastrous film Shanghai Surprise (1986) with then husband Sean Penn.
The video of the title cut of Like a Prayer offended many religious groups.
Even after she became commercially successful she still tried to shock her audience, e.g., her sexually explicit 1990 video “Justify My Love” and her 1991 documentary, Truth or Dare.
Like A Prayer (1989)
Source: Shirley, 137-138.
In 1980 the advent of 24-hour music video programming by MTV would change the face of rock and roll.
The way musicians looked and acted on their videos began to be more important than how they sounded on their records.
Groups like Duran Duran and Aha, known more for their good looks than their good music, rose to the top of the pop charts.
MTV would be instrumental in launching the careers of Madonna and Michael Jackson.
Music videos and MTV
Source: Shirley, 135-136.
The 80s were a “disappointing period” for rock and roll.
A new wave of bands like the Cars, R.E.M., U2, and the Cure were becoming successful with a lighter, more accessible version of punk.
“Rock ‘n’ roll which used to be about breaking rules, now seems to be about learning them.” – Music critic Greil Marcus.
The assassination of John Lennon on December 8, 1980 shocked many people and caused John Lydon to say that “rock and roll is dead.”
Sources: Shirley, 144.
Born Prince Rogers Nelson in 1958 in Minneapolis, MN.
On Purple Rain (1984), he combined Jackson’s skills as a singer with the wild, big-guitar showmanship of George Clinton’s funk ensembles.
In 1997 at the
Cannes Film Festival.
Invincible was released in 2001. Its themes are “mainly based on Jackson's personal experiences with fame and media, romance, and social issues.” It won a Grammy and was voted by readers of Billboard as the best album of the decade.
Jackson also released a single in November 2005, “From the Bottom of My Heart,” to benefit the victims of Hurricane Katrina.
On June 25, 2009, Jackson died in his bed at his mansion in Los Angeles. He had been given the drugs, propofol, lorazepam and midazolam, by his personal physician, Conrad Murray, who was later found guilty of involuntary manslaughter.
On November 8, 2010, michaeljackson.com announced the world premiere of the song, “Breaking News,” a previously unreleased song recorded in 2007.
Sources: Shirley, 141-142. Yahoo! Images.
The Jackson Five.
First gained recognition with his brothers in the Jackson Five appearing on Ed Sullivan in 1969.
Their first three singles were hits: “I Want You Back,” “ABC,” and “I’ll Be There.”
During the 70s Michael split his time between tours and recordings with his brothers and his own projects (“Ben” and The Wiz.)
In 1979 released his first solo album Off the Wall with hits “Rock with You” and “Don’t Stop Till You Get Enough.”
Michael Jackson (1958-2009)
Sources: Shirley, 139-140. Yahoo! Images.
Cover of Like a Virgin (1984).
Born Madonna Louise Veronica Ciccone (1958- ). Dropped out of U. of MI School of Music to pursue a career as a dancer in NYC.
Began performing at clubs in a style that combined disco’s light grooves and punk’s attitude.
In 1983 her debut album, Madonna, was released with its single, “Holiday.”
MTV agreed to screen videos of “Borderline” and “Lucky Star.” Her next 15 singles would reach the top ten.
In 1984 Like a Virgin rose to the top of the charts with hits like the title cut and “Material Girl.” Madonna also appeared in Desperately Seeking Susan to rave reviews.
"Like a Virgin"
"Like a Prayer"
The Jackson Five
"Walk this Way"