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Skills and Techniques - Badminton
Transcript of Skills and Techniques - Badminton
Week 4 of your training programme is when you will retest the practices you have already completed to check that you're progressing.
Initial Methods of Gathering Data
There are three methods of gathering initial data. These are:
1. Self Evaluation
2. Stroke Repertoire
Self evaluation looks at key features that should be included throughout your performance.
After carrying out this evaluation, you can see clearly what areas of your performance you are including and the areas that have not occurred.
Whilst completing this evaluation, the 4 options given are - 'always,' 'usually,' 'sometimes' and 'never.' From this, you mark which category is appropriate for you.
Stroke Repertoire is an Observation of 9 different types of stroke.
The 9 different strokes are: High Serve, Low Serve, Overhead Clear, Drop Shot, Smash, Net Shot, Drive, Lift/Lob and Block.
Stroke Repertoire looks specifically at the effectiveness of your stroke.
From there, Your observer will then mark the effectiveness of each shot, separating them into 4 main categories.
These are: Not Effective, Occasionally Effective, Mostly Effective and Consistently Effective.
Winning Shots is another Observation which looks at the shots you play throughout a game.
The shots being observed are: Service, Clears, Drops, Smashes, Net Shots, Drives, Lifts/Lobs and Blocks.
For every shot played, your observer will put a tick in the appropriate category.
If you win a point with one of these shots, your observer will circle the tick recorded to show clearly the shots that were the strongest throughout the game.
Focused Methods of Gathering Data
There are three methods of gathering Focused Data. These are:
After you have completed all 3 of the initial methods, you can then identify your weakest shot.
Weakest Shot = Smash Shot
Movement analysis looks specifically at your weak shot - Smash.
It measures the effectiveness of the three phases of action - Preparation, Action and Recovery.
Each phase is split into different subroutines so that each part can be looked at individually.
The subroutines are the features of a model performer.
After your weak shot has been filmed, you can then complete a movement analysis.
You will put a tick next to the features that have been successfully performed and a cross next to features that may need attention.
In this practice your partner will feed you 10 high serves to mid-court.
You will only perform your weak shot in this test.
The court is split into 6 different sections with a different number of points in each section.
The points available on the right side of the court are 4, 3 and 2; the numbers decreasing towards the back of the court.
On the left side the points available are 3, 2 and 1 also decreasing towards the back of the court.
Cycle of Analysis
Stages of Learning
During this stage you find out what the skill involves.
This is where you identify the individual parts (subroutines) of the skill you are developing
From here, you will begin to learn each part individually. This is done by slowing the skill down.
It is most likely for errors to occur at this stage of learning and you will need a lot of feedback and encouragement from teachers and peers to help you continue your development.
This practice is 'self-paced'
During this practice you will move around the court and you will perform the shots without the shuttle
This will help you improve your footwork and get you used to moving in all directions
This will also help you get used to getting your body in position to play each shot
This practice is usually used as a warm up
This practice is 'externally-paced'
This practice is also usually used as a warm up
During this practice, on separate sides of the net, you and a partner will take turns to lead this practice
Similar to Solo Practice, you will move around the court performing shots without the shuttle and your partner will mirror your movements on their side of the net
This will also help you improve your movement and footwork
A shuttle is now added to this practice
On one side of the court your partner will give you 10 high feeds so that you can return 10 smash shots
After completing 10 shots you will identify part of the shot that is weak and do an appropriate practice to help improve this part of the skill
Once you begin to see an improvement and you are comfortable with this area you will add the weak part back into the whole skill and perform another 10 smashes with the improved part
At this stage you will link all of the subroutines together
It is here that you will detect and correct all of the errors you are making and the appropriate practices you carry out will reduce this number of mistakes
Less feedback will be given here and your ability, experience and complexity of the skill will determine how long you spend at the Practice Stage
At this stage pressure increases as you progress and improve
1. Cross Court Smash
During this practice you will receive 10 high feeds to both the left and right side of the court and you have to smash the shuttle back across the court to the opposite side
Once you have reached a realistic target of 8/10 successful smashes you can move onto the second practice
2. Hit down the line
At this practice you receive 10 high feeds from your partner and you have to smash the shuttle straight down the court lines on each side
Again, once you have reached your target of 8/10 successful smashes you can move on
During this practice you will receive 10 high feeds from your partner
Once your partner has performed the feed they move to either their left or right and you have to smash to the opposite side / the place they were previously in
Once you have reached your target of 8/10 you can move onto the next practice
In this practice the pressure is increased by adding 2 feeders
The feeders will take it in turn to feed you 10 high feeds and you must return the first smash and then move quickly towards the next feed to get into position to smash it back
The feeders will time their feeds to make sure that you are constantly moving - making it more game like
After successfully returning 8/10 feeds you can move on
During this drill, you and a partner will perform a combination of shots and you will have to perform your weak shot - the smash - for your partner to try and lift it back over for you to then perform another smash
An appropriate order/combination of different shots you could perform at this practice could be:
High Serve - Overhead Clear - Overhead Clear - Smash - Lift - Smash - (if returned) play out point
At this Stage the Subroutines you have developed should now be automatic during your performance so you are less likely to focus on other aspects of a game such as strategy and your opponent
Errors will rarely occur due to the level of ability required for this stage so you will be able to focus more on more detailed aspects of your overall performance
This is where you play a game against an opponent of a similar level of ability to yours
There are 2 ways of playing these games...
1. You are the awarded a point if you win the point using your weak shot (smash)
2. You receive double points if you win the point using your weak shot (smash)
You will firstly retest the focused practices then initial.
The practices we retested from the focused data collection was:
From the Initial data collection we retested:
We then looked at Shot Placement. This practice looks at your weak shot and where on the court you perform it. Your observer will note down every smash you play and record where on the court your smash lands. If your weak shot wins the point your observer will circle the tick or cross made on your court to help identify clearly which shots were won.
Firstly we looked at Movement Analysis. Our teacher filmed us for the second time 4 weeks into our training programme. This is so we can watch the two videos of our smash and compare both performances
From comparing our two performances we discovered that the recovery phase of action had improved from our original performance as the racquet now comes across our body and we are now automatically returning to a balanced position at the base
From retesting shot placement we have realised that fewer shots were going into the net and the shots that had a circle round them were in the corners and to our opponents back-hand
In this practice you partner will feed you 10 high serves so you can perform your weak shot. The court is split into 6 sections with a different number of points available. The maximum score possible is 40.
In week 4 of your training programme you will be able to compare your points from the first skills test.
In the first skills test my score was 32 and then week fours results were 36. So therefore i could see my progression.
This practice looks at all the different types of shots. Your observer will mark down whether the shot was effective or not. If you win a shot your partner will put a circle round the tick to indicate a successful shot.
The comparison from week 1 to 4 in this practice should be not as many mistakes and more circles round different shots.
From week 1 to 4 my results were different as there was more ticks and i won more shots by performing a smash.
In this practice your partner feeds you 10 high serves to mid-court
Whilst performing your weak shot, your observer will mark - on the diagram of the court - where your shot lands
The aim of this practice is to force you to play the shot into different areas of the court
From the investigation stage you will be able to identify your strengths and weaknesses
You will be able to determine what areas of your performance need to be developed and improved
You will be able to find your strengths and weaknesses from the results from the initial and focused data previously gathered
Strengths - Initial
1. Drop Shot - From the results of "Winning shots" we identified that the drop shot was most effective as we won the most points from this shot
2. High Serve - We were able to use this serve to push our opponent to the back of the court giving us time to prepare for the next shot
Our opponent's return from the back of the court landed close to the net allowing us to disguise a drop or net shot
Weaknesses - Initial
1. Smash - From our results from "Winning shots" we identified that we weren't winning many points from this shot and we rarely performed this shot
2. Net Shot - We discovered that we were losing the point from attempting this shot as the shuttle wasn't going over the net
When our opponent returned a high shuttle to mid-court we avoided performing the smash forcing us to perform a less powerful shot due to a lack of confidence and bad decision making
Strengths and Weaknesses
Strengths - Focused
In the Action Phase we discovered that we were successfully transferring our weight forward from our back foot to front foot at the moment of impact
From carrying out our movement analysis we were able to identify that we were tracking the path of the shuttle and moving towards the place where the shuttle will land in order to quickly get into position to return the shot
Weaknesses - Focused
We discovered that whilst moving around the court we weren't turning side onto the net to prepare and get into position for the shot
We also discovered that our recovery was the weakest phase as the racquet didn't always come down across the body
After performing the Smash shot we weren't returning to the base in a ready, balanced position