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Transcript of Literary Elements
Point of View
What are the literary elements?
First-person point of view
Omniscient point of view
The Little House
Every good story contains the following story elements:
point of view
Characters are the people and animals in a story.
The characters may be realistic or make-believe.
Authors try to make the characters believable by including details about them.
The setting is where and when the story takes place.
The setting can be a real place or a make-believe place.
The setting can take place in the past, present, or future.
Junie B. Jones
The main character, or protagonist, in this series is Junie B. Jones.
Other characters include:
Mrs. - her teacher
Lucille and Grace- two of her friends
May- her rival
make believe characters
Harry Potter is the main character in this series.
Harry, along with his other wizard friends Ronald and Hermione, a house elf named Dobby, and other magical creatures are all make belive, or fantasy characters.
The plot of a story is composed of everything that happens in a story.
There is a beginning, middle, and end.
In stories for younger children, the plot usually follows chronological order which they can relate to.
In stories for older children, there can be flash backs to other time periods or to previous memories.
Conflict and Resolution
Within the plot there is a conflict and resolution.
The conflict is a problem that is faced by the characters in the story.
The resolution is how the problem is solved.
The Three Little Pigs
The three little pigs left home and built their houses, one out straw, one out of sticks, and one out of bricks.
The bad wolf came and blew down the house made of straw and the house made of sticks, but was unable to blow down the house made of bricks.
The pigs lived happily ever after and learned to not always do things the easiest way.
The Three Little Pigs
The bad wolf wants to eat the three little pigs.
When the wolf tries to come down the chimney he gets burned by the hot water.
The theme of a story is the main idea or meaning that is determined by the reader.
The author can clearly reveal and state the theme and there can also be implied themes.
There can be a primary, or main theme and a secondary theme.
The lesson that can be learned by reading a story,
Stated, or Explicit Theme:
The author states the theme using the characters in the story such as when Wilbur says, "friendship is one of the most satisfying things in the world."
Implied, or Implicit Theme:
Friendship can happen in unexpected places, such as the friendship between Wilbur and Charlotte. Charlotte shows that friendship requires giving and sacrifice. This theme is not stated, but can be seen through the events of the story.
The setting can be just a background for the plot or it can be a crucial, or integral part of understanding the story.
It is the authors job to give the details needed for the reader to experience the setting like they were there.
The farm in this story is vividly described by the author and the details are crucial in understanding the feelings and actions of the characters.
Winnie the Pooh
These stories could happen in any forest. There is limited description of the setting. It is the actions that take place between the characters that are important .
Limited omniscient point of view
Objective (dramatic) point of view
Point of view is the way that a reader sees the events in a story.
The point of view is determined by who is telling the story or who is describing an event in the story.
There are four types of point of view
The person telling the story uses "I".
It is often times the protagonist, or main character.
The reader experiences the story just as the protagonist does and can only guess about the thoughts, feelings, and actions of other characters.
The writer is telling the story in third person and uses words such as he, she, and they.
The writer can express the thoughts, feelings, and actions of all characters because the writer is all knowing.
The writer is still telling the story in third person.
The focus is on the thoughts, feelings, and actions of one character, usually the main character.
This point of view also uses third person, however there is no one explaining the feelings, thoughts, and actions of the characters.
It is like you were watching a movie and have to make your own decisions about the reason for things happening.
Limited omniscient point of view
This story is told in third person, but through the main character, Stanley's eyes.
The reader is given no reasoning for the actions of other characters and has to draw their own conclusions.
Style refers to the way in which the author chooses his or her words in a story.
It is how they choose to put certain words together to best tell their story.
Style is the use of figurative language.
Imagery that allows the reader to use their senses.
exaggeration to cause excitement and suspense
words that depict sounds to give more pleasure to the reader
This story uses a form of figurative language called personification.
Personification is when human characteristics are given to nonhuman things.
In this story the little house that is being moved and taken away from the life it knows because a city is being built, is given feelings by the author as is goes through the changes. You can also see these feelings by looking at the illustrations.
Style and tone go hand in hand. The style the author chooses conveys the tone.
The tone of a story tells the reader how the author feels about the subject and the stories audience.
You can not hear the author and how he or she wanted it to sound, so when reading a story you interpret feelings by the words that are used.
Chandler, O. (2014) Good reads. Retrieved from http://www.goodreads.com/
Flocabulary-Five Things. (2011) Retrieved from www.youtube.com/watch?v=c6124S72jps
Lukens, R.J. , Smith, J.J. , & Coffel, C.M. (2013) A critical handbook of children's literature (9th ed.) Upper
Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
Williams, G. A. (2009). Storyteller playhouse. Retrieved from www.youtube.com/watch?v=9F0nFnCwfOo
Children could create a wiki page for their story or work together to create all of the elements of a story.
Other useful links:
The author's words and the illustrator's paintings create a wonderful tone in this story.
The narrator and her Pa walk through the snow and the author's words describe it as a quiet peaceful experience as they look for an owl.
Literary rhythm is the flow of a story.
Authors use rhythm to help a reader understand an action better.
Certain phrases that the author chooses causes the rhythm.
The rhythm is often heard when a story is read aloud.
The author uses rhythm to describe the Zuckerman dump by using the word "and" between each description instead of a a comma.
When read aloud the word "and" causes the reader to read with rhythm.