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Transcript of Chairman Meow
Mao Mao Zedong was born on December 26, 1893 in a small village in the Hunan province of China He graduated with a teaching crediential from Changsha in June of 1918 Mao's house Mao followed his mentor to Peking Univeristy and became the University's Head Librarian Yang Chiangji,
Mao's mentor &
philosopohy teacher Mao read the Communist Manifesto and began his own newspaper to spread ideas about local reform Lenin desired to spread communism during this time Because Mao was interested in communism and Lenin wanted to spread communism internationally... Mao became the Co-Founder of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Chiang Kai-Shek, also at this time, became the new Nationalist party leader. Threatened by the CCP, Chiang Kai Shek crippled the Communists forcing them on their year-long retreat to Yanan The Long March Civil war then erupted between the Nationalists and the CCP after World War II Mao studied Marxism in Yanan and the CCP is able to recooperate from their heavy losses. The CCP defeated the Nationalists as they relyied on guerilla tactics Mao became the new head of state Obtaining Power Maintaining Power 100 Flowers Movement
& the Antirightist Movement The Red Guard! Mao told his people to express their honest opinions about the current government He promised there would be no consequences for what they had to say HE LIED! Many citizens complained that the current government was too bureauocratic and that censorship was too strict This made Mao ANGRY The 100 Flowers Movement Mao changed the One Hundred Flowers Movement to the Anti Rightist Movement Under the Antirightist Movement Mao had those who expressed their opinions killed The Cultural
Revolution Mao wanted to reinforce Communism by eliminating
any traditional elements of Chinese culture Mao urged students to partake in the Red Guard The Red Guard was a massive social movement oriented towards youth. They were specifically used during the Cultural Revolution to purge China of anything non-Communist Future leader Deng Xiaoping was purged [spoiler alert] The movement eventually
became violent The Movement became out of hand so the People's Liberation Army silenced the movement. Economic Policies Mao wanted a self sufficient economy Improve Industry
& strengthen Communism in China 5 Year Plan goals: An Industrial & Agricultural Revolution The Great Leap Forward Mao wanted to overtake Britain in steel production Started communes to dramatically increase grain production The Great Leap Forward was a DISASTER Millions died due to starvation > Crop neglect:
too focused on steel production >what little grain they had was
exported to help China's economy Dealing with Opposition The Red Guard The Red Guard helped Mao... 1. Reinforce Mao's cult of personality
2. Persecute intellectuals
3. Book burnings
4. Mass relocations The Red Guard supported Mao in his destruction of • old thought • old customs • old culture • old habits Media & Propaganda Integral part of
cult of personality The Little Red Book, for example, shared
many of Mao's famous quotations Propaganda was also used to legitimize the
actions of the state on a mass scale The Cultural Revolution and the Great Leap
Forward are a few examples Foreign Policy China centered – other countries only matter if they interfere The US was openly against Mao Fueled by the desire to eliminate world Communism India Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence aimed at reviving ancient friendly ties Mao supported the Vietnam efforts against France and US Mao intervened in the Korea Civil War Mao wanted to protect China's national security and stop the expansion of imperialism Mao, in later years, opened relations with the US In April 1971 he invited the
US Ping Pong Team to Beijing President Nixon was arranged to
meet Mao in February 1972 Women & Minorities Women Mao discouraged the oppression of women Mao ensured freedom of marriage and equality between men and women Mao believed men and women should obtain equal pay for the equal amount of work in production Mao believed equality between the sexes can only be attained through the society as a whole Minorities Tibetans Mao sent his army to Tibet in 1950 to create a border against possible international threats The Dalai Lama, unfortunately, could
not reach a peaceful agreement with Mao Mao would surely destroy the Tibetans Mao killed over a million Tibetans in his take over The Red Guard also destroyed Tibetan monastaries, art, and books during the Cultural Revolution Xinjiang The Xinjiangs An ethnically mixed territory on the Soviet border Uyghurs - Turkish Muslims The Xinjiangs suffered a fate similar to that of the Tibetans but their killings were much more violent Works Cited Avena | Lowe Meanie head The Communist Manifesto Civil war pew! pew! pew! Deng Xiaoping he's scary looking... ils sont très faim :'( pingpongpingpong
pingpongpingpong Nixon & Mao