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Computer Parts

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Max Embery

on 15 August 2013

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Transcript of Computer Parts

Computer Parts
Computer Parts
What is in this machine?
Heat Sink
Mother Board
This is called a "motherboard",
it is the heart of the computer and is the receiver of all the information that is transferred into the system. The motherboard holds very important things, for example the CPU or central processing unit. This is very important as it basically runs the computer smoothly.
Computer Case
Graphics Card
A graphics card is basically like a CPU although has its own RAM system. It is another brain for a computer and helps relieve stress from the CPU, so it does not have to do as much work. The graphics card is very important because it is responsible for all the movies, games etc. that you browse daily. Without a graphics card all that you would see, would be a black screen.
This is an average
old heat sink, this is vital in a computer because it receives the heat from a computer stores it then slowly disposes of it out of the computer.



The computer case is a outside case so that all of the wires and fragile components do not fall out and break. It plays a roll of a protective shield from spillages and accidents. It also is able to hold compact disks and digital versatile disks or DVDs and CDs.

Power Supply
A power Supply is what you use to charge your computer. Although a power supply doesn't use the power from the energy it transforms it into an energy that a computer needs.
CD/DVD DRIVE
A CD/DVD stands for "compact disk" and "digital versatile disk". These allow a person to manually insert a disk into a computer. These are very useful if you are wanting to not download anything and watch a movie just by inserting a disk!
U.S.B
U.s.B's are very useful for carrying around information any ware you would like in one small storage system. They are usually used for transporting information from one computer to another, Although now there is email so U.S.B devices are not as common now. A U.S.B stands for Universal serial bus.
U.S.B PORT
This U.S.B port is home to a U.S.B. Common sense, although without a U.S.B port all of the U.S.B's in the world would be useless without something to receive the information from the U.S.B. This is where the U.S.B port comes in handy.
Network Port
A network port is a special and very important piece of hardware in the computer. Without it you DEFINITELY will not be capable of connecting to the Internet. The network port is responsible for connecting the "Ethernet" wire into the computer then translating that into some sort of connection. The network port is usually at the back of the computer and the cable is usually blue.


Hard Disk Drive
A hard disk drive is used to store information that the computer receives. It stores almost everything that comes through the computer, therefore is vital so that the computer does not overflow. The HDD (Hard Disk Drive) communicates with the rest of the computer through the FSB or (Front Side bus).
FAN
The computer fan and the heats sink work together as a team to keep the computer cooled down at all times. The fan pulls the heat from the heat sink and disposes of the heat to the back or the side of the computer. If the fan and heat sink stopped working the CPU would overheat and the computer would shut down,

Input/Output Ports
There a several ports in the back panel of the hard drive. You can have USB ports & Ethernet ports along with headset and earphone connections.
Central Processing Unit
CPU
The central processing unit is part of the motherboard. The CPU has primarily four functions, fetch, decode, execute then write back. It does this every second you are surfing the internet. You could relate the CPU as a super fast translator that communicates with the networks around it.
Ribbon Cable
A ribbon cable is usually connected to disk drives or disk drive controllers. The "ribbon cable" was given that name because the series of connected cables looked like a ribbon, therefore was given the name. These were great because it allowed a sort of road of connections to run through the computer, they do not take up much space at all and are fantastic for communicating with other components.
SATA Cable
A SATA cable connects a motherboard with the SATA hard drive.
Power Connector
The power connector plays a simple role in running the HDD. The power connector connects the HDD to the system power supply. A very simple cable although without it the HDD drive would not get power therefore the computer does NOT get power!
Memory Module
(RAM)
Ram or "random access memory" is extremely vital to the motherboard. Ram is used to store any program or application that comes through it. The more Ram one computer has the faster it will run, although Ram shuts down and loses information when the computer is switched off, unlike the hard drive which stores information even when the computer is off completely.

Memory Slots
Memory slots work in comparison with Ram. Memory slots do just that, they work as a brain and remember all the files that are saved on the computer. Whatever comes pass the Ram comes into the Memory slots to be remembered.
Audio Ports
Audio Ports are input devices that allow you to listen and record through a computer based headset. Without these inputs devices you would not be able to listen to music, videos or movies through any kind of headset.
On/Off Reset Button
This button turns the computer on and off commonly. Usually it is bad to turn off the computer with this button because it does not shut down the computer properly. This button also disables the Ram and the motherboard goes to rest when the computer is off.
Expansion slots
The expansion slot is commonly known as a bus slot and is used as "extra storage space". The expansion slot is located in the motherboard next to the ram and memory slot as a helping hand when a large file comes in.
SSD is another type of memory and storage system. It has an impact on ho fast a computer/laptop runs when creating a type of media, e.g. uploading a you tube video. Although if there is no memory on the SSD card then the computer would probably run very slow.
SSD
Solid-State-Drive

DVD
DVD stands for digital video disk. This is an input device and usually plays movies. This works in comparison with the Disk drive.
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