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Socratic Questions

TESOL International 2013

Rebecca Wilner

on 8 September 2016

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Transcript of Socratic Questions

Probing Assumptions
Probing Reasons and Evidence
Viewpoint and Perspectives
Probing Implications and Consequences
Questions about Questions
Why do you say that?
Can you give en example?
What do you mean by... ?
How does ___ relate to ___ ?
What do you think is the main issue/point?
Could you summarize what ___ said?
Would you say more about that?
What are you assuming?
What is he/she assuming?
Your argument/reasoning seems to depend
on the idea that ___. Why?
Is that always the case? Why it is true/untrue in this situation?
What could we assume instead?
Why are you (is he/she) assuming that?
How could you verify that assumption?
How do you know?
Why do you think that's true?
What would change your mind?
What are your reasons for saying that?
Could you explain your reasons?
How does that apply to this case?
Is there reason to doubt this evidence?
What would you say to someone who said that ___ ?
Can someone give evidence to support __'s claim?
How could we find out if that's true?
What do you think causes __ to happen?
What is an alternative?
What is another way to look at it?
Could you explain why it's necessary or beneficial?
What are the strengths and/or weaknesses of...?
How are ___ and ___ similar (or different)?
What are you implying?
What effect would that have?
What is the probability or possibility that would happen?
What would happen as a result of that?
If ___ and ___ are true, what else might also be true?
What is a counterargument?
How does ___ affect ___ ?
How does ___ relate to what we have learned before?
What are the consequences of that? Why?
What was the point of this question?
Why do you think I asked you this?
How does ___ apply to your life?
Would ___ ask this question differently?
Can we break this question down at all?
Is the question clear? Do we understand it? Why or why not?
To answer this question, what other questions must we answer first?
Is this the most important question, or is there an underlying issue?
What kinds of questions do you use in class? Give some examples
For what purpose do you ask them? What's your objective?
How do the questions we discussed fit into these categories?
Rebecca Wilner
Panama City, Panama
Using Socratic Questions to Encourage Autonomous Learning
How do these questions help students become more autonomous learners?
Your Questions
Your Questions
Your Questions
Your Questions
Your Questions
Your Questions
DeBoer, M. (2010). The Socratic Trap: A strategic snare that EFL teachers should sidestep. The Language Teacher, 34 (1), pp. 9-13.
Folger, H. S., & LeBlanc, S. E. Thoughts on Problem Solving: The Six Types of Socratic Questions. University of Michigan. Retrieved from http://www.engin.umich.edu/~cre/probsolv/strategy/cthinking.htm
Paul, R. (1993). Critical Thinking: How to Prepare Students for a Rapidly Changing World. Santa Rosa, California: Foundation for Critical Thinking.
Stempleski, S., Douglas, N., & Morgan, J. (2011). World Link: Developing English Fluency Lesson Planner Book 2 (2nd Edition). Boston: Heinle. p. 19.

Other Works Consulted
(for more information see...)

Chorzempa, B., Lapidus, L. (2009, January 01). "To Find Yourself, Think for Yourself": Using Socratic Discussions in Inclusive Classrooms. Teaching Exceptional Children, (3), 54, Retrieved from http://elibrary.bigchalk.com.
Elder, L., Paul, R. (1998, May 15). The role of Socratic questioning in thinking, teaching, and learning.(includes an article commenting on thought-provoking questions). Clearing House, ({71}) 297(5), Retrieved from http://elibrary.bigchalk.com.
Gose, Michael (2009, January 01). WHEN SOCRATIC DIALOGUE IS FLAGGING: QUESTIONS AND STRATEGIES FOR ENGAGING STUDENTS. College Teaching, (1), 45, Retrieved from http://elibrary.bigchalk.com.
Paul, R., Elder, L. (2007, October 01). Critical Thinking: The Art of Socratic Questioning. Journal of Developmental Education, (1), 36, Retrieved from http://elibrary.bigchalk.com.
Rieg, S., Wilson, B. (2009, December 01). AN INVESTIGATION OF THE INSTRUCTIONAL PEDAGOGY AND ASSESSMENT STRATEGIES USED BY TEACHER EDUCATORS IN TWO UNIVERSITIES.... Education, (2), 277, Retrieved from http://elibrary.bigchalk.com.
Walker, E, S. (2003, July 01). Active learning strategies to promote critical thinking. Journal of Athletic Training, (3), 263, retrieved from http://elibrary.bigchalk.com.

Rebecca Wilner
What questions do you use and why?
What questions did Socrates use and why?
Which of Socrates' questions are applicable to our teaching? How do they increase learner autonomy?
What do Socratic questions look like in class?


Web Quests / Research
Why did the singer Niga change his name to DJ Flex when he entered the U.S. market?
For what main reasons did Panama become independent from Colombia?
What is the most popular sport in the UK?
What is the population of Tuvalu?
Full transcript