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Law Enforcement Presentation

Communicating with Deaf and Hard of Hearing
by

Cheryl Sloan

on 10 January 2013

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Transcript of Law Enforcement Presentation

Side B SPECIFICS OF INTERPRETING Resolution Side A Conflict Communicating with the Deaf and Hard of Hearing I. WHY & WHEN AN INTERPRETER
IS NEEDED? Do I need a translator or an interpreter? Interpreter = one that works with spoken/sign language from one language into another language Who decides whether an interpreter is needed? 2. What assistance does the law enforcement officer need to perform his or her official duty? Can bilingual personnel serve as an interpreter? Knowledge, skill and ability that is required to produce an accurate interpretation is not the same as used in ordinary conversation Why not use bilingual officers as interpreters? An officers untested and undocumented skills can have a negative impact in court cases Can we use someone already at the scene to interpret? Their language skills are not tested When do we need a professional interpreter? Has the lack of qualified interpreting at the law enforcement level ever affected the disposition of a case? People v. Mata-Medina Interpretation is a complex task and needs to be accurate.
Time!
Don't be in a rush. How long will the interpreting process take? How does an interpreter do their job? Consecutive
Simultaneous
Sight translation How hard is it to interpret accurately? Simultaneous Sight Translation interrogations
interviews
question & answer sessions Consecutive information
directions
instructions written documents cognitive skills How to verify an interpreter's competence? Credentials
Professional references verified
Personal references How can an officer monitor the communication? 1. What kind of language assistance does the deaf or hard of hearing person need for effective communication? 3. What is the goal of communication? To communicate information

Information to be used for evidence When is each method used? memory speed mental flexibility patience Translator = one that works with written or printed text Bilingual personnel without proper training cannot function as an interpreter Friends & family are not neutral Individuals may be potential suspects or an interest in case They do not know the limitations of the role They are not trained to retain meaning The need for a qualified interpreter will
depend of the impact of the situation The need for a qualified interpreter will depend on the impact of the situation YES! State of Ohio v. Alejandro Ramirez People v. Sandoval
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