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What – To understand why the Romans decided to invade Britai
Transcript of What – To understand why the Romans decided to invade Britai
explain why the Romans invaded Britain - at least three reasons
analyse why the Romans invaded Britain - five or six linked reasons
evaluate why the Romans invaded Britain - as above and a judgement of which was the most important reason and why
Lesson 3 – Why did the Romans invade Britain?
Why Did the Romans Invade Britain?
Britain had lots of goods which the Romans wanted
As the Roman Empire grew bigger, there were more and more people to feed;
More Romans started living in towns, leaving fewer people in the country to grow crops... Rome needed to import more food and Briton was a very fertile land...
Britain had a good supply of sheep and wool was needed for making Roman togas
1. Raw Materials: Wool
The Roman army used a lot of leather in uniforms and in soldiers’ tents.
Leather was also used to make buckets.
Raw Materials: Leather
The Romans made their money out of silver – more coins were needed as the Empire grew.
Britain already had silver mines that the Romans knew about.
Silver was a luxury item for rich Romans – so there was a big demand for it.
2. Valuable Metals: Silver
Gold was used for jewellery and was in great demand by the Romans;
Gold was very important in trade as a means of exchange and for gold coins;
There was a scarcity of gold across the Empire, but Britain had some...
Britain also had tin mines and tin and pewter were used for cups and plates;
Tin could be mixed with other metals to make strong, hard metals.
Lead was really useful for the Romans and Britain had a good supply of it.
Lead was used to make water pipes and plumbing systems
Lead was also used to make coffins!
The Romans used a lot of lead!
Romans planned to used captured Britons as slaves.
Roman society ran on the basis of slave labour and there was big demand for slaves right across the empire;
Slaves were used to work in every type of industry, from nurse maids, to field hands, miners and as galley slaves to row Roman ships.
Slaves could also be made to fight as Gladiators, to entertain the Romans.
The Romans didn’t just want goods from Britain, they also wanted to invade to show how powerful they were.
By conquering more and more countries and making their Empire bigger, it made Rome more powerful.
The Romans also believed it was their duty to do this and make the world “civilised” like them.
Read the quote on the next
slide to see what they believed
“Remember you are Roman. It will be your job to rule over other countries, so that the world becomes peaceful and everyone obeys Roman law.” Written by Virgil 20BC
The Roman Belief...
Invading other countries and adding to the Empire was a way to become more powerful and popular;
The first invasions took place because Julius Caesar was ambitious and wanted power and glory;
Claudius had just become Emperor, in the 1st Century BC, and wanted to prove himself as a good leader of Rome, when his invasion took place.
The Britons had been helping the Gauls (French) fight against the Romans.
The Romans wanted to punish the Britons for this and make sure that they could no longer do this.
Why did the Romans invade Britain?
What - To understand why the Romans decided to invade Britain.
Title: Why did the Romans invade Britain?
Date: 8th November 2016
Do now: KEYWORD
Challenge: Give examples
CONFIDENT - explain why the Romans invaded Britain - at least three reasons
PROFICIENT - analyse why the Romans invaded Britain - five or six linked reasons
COMPETENT - evaluate why the Romans invaded Britain - as above and a judgement of which was the most important reason and why
When/How/Invasion Cards - put them in the right order