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Rosie the Riveter
Transcript of Rosie the Riveter
Rosie the Riveter? Rosie the Riveter is a cultural icon of the United States, representing the six million women who entered the job for the first time during World War II. These women took the places of the male workers who were absent fighting in the Pacific and European theaters. The character is now known as a women's movement icon in the US, and a sign of women's economic power to come. Rosie and her slogan "We Can Do It!" were featured on posters, magazines, and more. Where did the name come from? The term "Rosie the Riveter" was first used in 1942 in a song of the same name written by Redd Evans and John Jacob Loeb. Preformed by The Four Vagabounds. The song portrays "Rosie" as a tireless assembly line worker, doing her part to help the American war effort. The name is said to be a nickname for Rosie Bonavitas who was working for Convair in San Diego, California. The idea of Rosie resembled Veronica Foster, a real person who in 1941 was Canada's poster girl for women in the war effort in "Ronnie the Bren Gun Girl. "We Can Do It!" by J. Howard Miller
In 1942 What did women do? During the war years, women became streetcar conductors, taxicab drivers, business managers, commercial airline checkers, simplified engineers, and railroad workers. Women operated machinery, streetcars, buses, cranes, and tractors. They unloaded freight, built blimps and gliders, worked in lumber mills and steel mills, and made explotives. Basically, women occupied almost every aspect of industry. How many women worked? "Between 1940 and 1944, the number of employed women increased from 12 million to 18.2 million. In 1947, two years after World War II ended, the number of employed women was 15.8 million, a higher number than 1940 but lower than in 1944. Today's number of employed women in the civilian labor force is 68 million." We have come so far with how women are respected. Real-Life Rosie Geraldine Hoff Doyle is believed to be the real-life model for the World War II term "We Can Do It!" poster, later thought to be an embodiment of the iconic World War II character Rosie the Riveter. Geraldine was born on July 31, 1924 in Inkster, Michigan. At age 86 She died on December 26, 2010 in Lansing, Michigan, from severe arthritis. She was outlived by her 5 children, 18 grandchildren and 25 great-grandchildren. Hoff in 1942 at age 17 Geraldine Doyle may have
been the model for the "We Can Do It" poster. Who painted the poster? In 1942, Pittsburgh artist J. Howard Miller was hired by the Westinghouse Company's War Production Coordinating Committee to create a series of posters for the war effort. Miller is thought to have based his "We Can Do It!" poster on a United Press International wire service photo taken of Ann Arbor, Michigan, factory worker Geraldine Hoff (later Doyle), who was 17 and briefly working as a metal-stamping machine operator. Rosie the Riveter Song
by The Four Vagabounds The End "Its a Tradition with us, Mister!"
by J. Howard In 1942