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Nazis and Education

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on 7 October 2013

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Transcript of Nazis and Education

Nazis and Education
What did Hitler Try to Achieve?
Why did Hitler feel he had to take control of the German education system?
How was it Achieved?
How did schools help to indoctrinate young people in Nazi ideas?
What was the appeal of Nazi Youth groups to young German people in the 1930s?
What was Encouraged?
The Nazis encouraged young people to take part in what sorts of activities?
Sample Questions...
Identify the aims of educational and youth policies in two single-party states, and evaluate the extent to which they were achieved.
The Thousand year Reich!!! ...
Eliminate other views and Parties
Why was it accepted by the Public?
Girls vs. Boys
How, and why did the Nazis treat boys differently to girls? – (Kinder, Kirche, Kuche)
How is all of this useful for the IB student?
Propaganda machine
The Indoctrination
Unity of Class
Loyal Nazis
Morale and ideology...
Tool to control
Political force
Get rid of the Old views
Exploit the Rebelious
Emphasis on:
Adapted syllabus

-glorified Nationalism
-deliver the racial and population theory
-create a conscious of being German
Religious Studies- dropped
More Physical education…15% school time given over
Could you guess what was taught about history? Especially one particular topic...
Why do you think Hitler wanted that one on the list so badly?...fit and ruthless Germans...for what purpose?
Theory that would support what race? Who will it dissolve? and how was this useful to Hitler?
What do you think he did at first...(hint, Hitler is a sneaky...)
Were Germans concerned at all about the morale and the national pride..honor and all of that?
Or the absence of it...
Having control over the country was not enough...he wanted Indoctrination
He wanted the Minds to be dependent on HIS decisions...
Make sure no challenging views are taught
Get them while they are young...
The highly educated are more aware and are harder to control
Wanted to reinforce equality...
One quote from Hitler's lips says it all...
No, I shall still continue with my presentation:)
The promises of Hitler struck their chord with the youth and to them it seemed that Germany was benefiting form his rule; their parent were getting jobs and the flags and uniform parades made the youth feel part of the restoration
Excited by it
Mass hypnosis
It was actually announced that the children were given over to the Furer, as a present…in the newspaper (talking about all the ten year old)

Given to the Furer
What made it so appealing
It was fun
Pride and part of a Great Movement
Felling of Importance and Value
Propaganda and Idealization of the Hitler Youth movement
Element of fear or rejection..
Very psychological and attacking sensuous parts of the children's minds
Parents and Children were happy to join and encourage what seemed a very nice and pleasant experience...
Could thrive to be praised and aknowledged
Wanted to be part of it....as exclusion meant isolation
Struck a Chord...
After the war maximum entertainment for children was:
Kicking a can
Playing on the Balcony (that is if you had one)
Playing hide and seek with one or two other children
While Hitler Youth organized summer trips and had caps every weekend
Epic fail...
Hi, Hitler...I mean Heil Hitler
The Hitler Youth Flag
Awards made competition ruthless
Prior knowledge...or stereotypical thoughts..
Evolution of Hitler's Children
At this stage it was a new movement...before Hitler came to power they had a bad reputation for being vandals
After 1933 Hitler ordered to clean the image up and a new head elected that revolutionized it, making it the largest youth movement within a short period of time...
Then Hitler took it to the next level, making men ruthless, women more tough...taking over the majority...forcing into the movement
Now the young boys that joined the Youth were young men and were all loyal Nazis, capable of giving their life for Furer and fatherland...
At least that is what I though about, no kidding...but it has a far more serious and even tragic side to it... its really the driving force that allowed Hitler to have absolute control.
Petty promisses for lives of children that never really had the choice, they were simply having fun in summer camps and one day they are not playing but shooting real bullets, real flesh and no retreat...for fatherland for Furer is all they ever knew
Military stance
Sport clubs
Hitler Schools
Youth movements
The role of women was returned to the traditional pre-war ideology, they were given lessons about child care and cooking....as well as
Biology, there they were taught about genetics and the passing of genes, as well as the study of inferiority of other races...referring to the healthy familiy concept
Women swore to Furer, loyal and determined no to let the Fatherland and Hitler....and were encouraged to give birth to as many childern as possible
Reality is Cruel
Other additional material....
Documentaries: Hitler's Children, Nazis
To prepare future political leaders and higher class Nazis....Elite of the Elite...other branches involved even higher vigor institutions where students died during training
Were mot allowed to join if not a member of the Hitler's Youth
When an opponent declares, “I will not come over to your side,” I calmly say, “Your child belongs to us already…. What are you? You will pass on. Your descendants, however, now stand in the new camp. In a short time they will know nothing else but this new community.” 

Adolf Hitler (1889-1945), German dictator. speech, Nov. 6, 1933. Quoted in William L. Shirer, “Education in the Third Reich,” ch. 8, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich (1959)

The IB student guide Book
Wiemar Republic
Interview of :Baldur von Schirach by Frost
IF we have time...extracts of the Documentary
Full transcript