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The History of India and Pakistan
Transcript of The History of India and Pakistan
who was the leading force in favor
of the partition. When Pakistan was
made into it's own country, Jinnah
was the first Governor-General. Mohandas Gandhi: Gandhi, India's first prime minister, was the main opposition to the idea of a Partition. Much to Gandhi's dismay, the Muslim population broke off and created Pakistan August 15, 1947 Leading up to the partition of India was the animosity between the Muslims and Hindus. On
August 15, 1945, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the leader of the Muslim League, called for separation of British India into two states. This movement resulted in the creation of Pakistan. 1947-1948 War October 1947-January 1, 1949 The first Indo-Pakistani war started in October 1947 and ended on January 1, 1949. This war began because the Maharaja invaded Kashmir in 1947, while creating peace with India but infuriating Pakistan. The war ended on January 1, 1947 with the establishment of a ceasefire line. The 1965 War India and Pakistan went to war again after Pakistan carried out a covert attack across the ceasefire line into Indian owned Kashmir. India retaliated by attacking Pakistan at border near Lahore. April 1965 Pakistan fell into civil war after East Pakistan demanded independence. India invaded East Pakistan because millions of civilians fled to India. At the end of 1971, East Pakistan became Bangladesh. The 1971 War Albert Ekka was a recipient of the Param Vir Chakra, the highest millitary award in India.
Ekka went on a sucide mission and destroyed a heavily armed Pakistani base, changing the tide of the rest of the war. 1971-1974 Rebellion 1990 Resistance to Indian rule started in the Kashmir valley in 1989. Some groups wanted independence and others wanted union with Pakistan. So, India accused Pakistan of giving weapons to the resistance. During the 1990s, with the emergence of military Muslim groups, the resistance's idea's became Islamic. In 2001, an attack in Sringar killing 38 people. Meetings Between the Nations 1997 Inder Kumar Gujral (Left)- Foreign Minister of India In 1997 India and Pakistan set up meetings, due to the recent tension over Kashmir. They discussed a plan for peace and the restraints on nuclear weaponry. Gohar Ayub (Right)-
The Foreign Minister of Pakistan Nuclear Tension 1998 As both sides had nuclear weapons, there were thoughts that a nuclear war between Pakistan and India would begin. The U.S. ordered sanctions against both countries, as did many other European countries.
However, the following year the two sides signed an accord pledging to work out their problems. Kargil Conflict May 1999 In May 1999, India shot air strikes, bombarding Pakistan. For the first time in over 30 years, tension erupted. direct fighting broke out between the two countries, and a reported 10,000 people fled their homes on the ceasefire line. General Musharraf The Leader of the Indian attack on Pakistan Violence at Ceasefire 2001 In October 2001, 38 people were killed at the ceasefire line after attacks in India, including the attack on the Kashmiri Assembly in Srinagar. During the next month, in an attack on the Indian parliament in Delhi, 14 people were killed. There was a build up of troops along the border of India and Pakistan, at this time. Alleged Spies In India 2009-2013 India and Pakistan frequently accuse each other of spying, especially since 2009. On February 25, a man was arrested for allegedly sharing military secrets with Afghanistan. He is currently being held in the western state of Rajasthan. Pakistan was outraged and offened by this allegation. Bibliography Flags Picture (Google Images):
Muhammad Ali Jinnah Picture (Google Images):
Gandhi Picture (Google Images):
BBC History Of India and Pakistan:
India arrests man accused of spying for Pakistan:
1947 The Birth of India and Pakistan Packet
Analysis of three Indo-Pak Wars
India sounds alarm of nuclear war for Kashmir as tensions with Pakistan escalate over deadly fighting
Meeting between India and Pakistan
BBC Kargil Conflict Timeline