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Group Members: Allison Hepburn, Marianne Colella, Brandi Conner

Mimi C

on 27 April 2010

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Transcript of Egypt

General Information
Nationally Observed Holidays and Festivals Most Important/Most Recognized:
Day of Sinai Liberation
Labour Day
Evacuation Day
Revolution/National Day
Armed Fores Day
Suez Day
Eid-al-Adha General Information Politics Basics:
President- Head of state, government and National Democratic Party
Legislative Branch: the People's Assembly and the Consultative Council

The People's Assembly:
Known as Maglis El-Sha'ab
454 Deputies
444- directly elected
No more than 10 are appointed by the president
50% are workers and peasants
Each assembly has a five-year term
The Consultative Council:
Known as Maglis El-Shura, "Shura Council"
264 members
176- directly elected
88- appointed by the president
Members serve a six-year term
Half of the council is renewed every three years
Powers are limited Political parties do exist. In 2005 there were as many as 18 political parties, including:
National Democratic Party
Liberal Party
New Wafd Party
Tomorrow Party
Independents Emergency Law:
Existed since 1967
Restricts non-governmental political activity.
For example, the Muslim Brotherhood The League of Arab States
"The Arab League"
Deals wtih foreign relations
Located in Cairo Business Attire: Men:
Dark, conservative suits
Long sleeves and pants
No jewelry
Sleeves that cover most of the arm
Dresses or skirts that cover the knees
Conservative, modest styles
Avoid traditional attire Business Cards and Documents: Print in both English and Arabic
Present so recipient can read it
Read information before putting card in a card case
Documents should include Arabic and English dates Appointments: Schedule appointments one week in advance by phone or in writing
Confirm appointments one or two days prior
Appointments are commonly interrupted Meetings: Preliminary meetings are very formal
Social conversation occurs before business conversation
Drinks may be served
Schedule and confirm the next meeting after the first is completed
Small, inexpensive gifts may be given (give gift with right hand or both hands) Greetings: Allow the Egyptian to initiate the first greeting
Handshakes are always acceptable (limp and length with eye contact and smile)
Titles show stature
Address Egyptian by title and surname
Find out title before actual meeting
Use simple Arabic phrases General information Climate Typical Temperatures in Cairo:
Jan: 45/67 F
March: 55/79 F
May: 65/95 F
July: 73/99 F
Sept: 70/95 F
Nov: 55/80 F Business Business Hours: 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sunday through Thursday
Public sector and services: 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. every day except Friday
In winter months, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. and several hours in the evening (usually 5 p.m. to 7 p.m.)
Shortened business day during Ramadan Business Deals: More slowly paced than in the Western world
No immediate decisions
Use research and data to back up claims
Ful of haggling
Business in government takes more time than in other sectors
Business Relationships: Strong emphasis on networking
Much time and effort goes into forming a business relationship
Egyptians prefer to do business with known and trusted associates
Regulated with honor and respect
Show respect to others, especially if older and in authority
Direct eye contact shows trust and honesty Business Time and Punctuality: Foreigners are expected to be on time
Punctuality is not important in Egyptian culture
Egyptian associate may be late or never arrive Business Company Structure: Hierarchal
Person of highest rank or status is responsible for final decisions after group consensus
Most senior person of group is usually in charge
Egyptians favor experience and age
Beneficial to incorporate older colleagues into your team tourist information Transportation: Most accessible:
Airplanes Currency: Pound (EGP)
Banks in major hotels are open 24 hours
Credit cards are accepted but charges are in
Egyptian pounds
U.S. dollars are accepted most everywhere
except antiquity sites where Egyptian pounds are
needed tourist information Leisure Activities: Beaches along the Mediterranean and Red Sea coasts Diving and snorkeling are some of the most popular activities Cairo is full of buildings, modern art and sculpture, Pharaonic sites and pyramids from the 19th century Pyramids of Giza: Craft center and marketplace, archaeological sites and exhibits, and climbing activites Thebes: Valley of the Kings- exploration of tombs and pyramids Luxor: Lies next to the Nile, Museum of Ancient Egyptian Art Other popular tourist locations:
Alexandria, Aswan, Cairo, Siwa, St. Catherine's Mount, Farafra Oasis Egypt Group members: Allison Hepburn, Marianne Colella, Brandi Conner www.royaltoursafrica.com Communication Religion: Egyptians are very religious
Their religious customs govern their daily lives
Main religions in Egypt: Muslim and Copt
"Egypt's population is around 7 million. 62 million of them are Sunni Muslims and about 9 million are Coptic Christians."(Egypt Experts)
Language: Arabic is used by all religions and Egyptians
Egyptians are not very direct in their language
Arabic is full of exaggerations and Egyptian speech tends to be "flowery"
In some cases, "a 'yes' may actually mean 'possibly.'" (Holland 4) Dinner Etiquette: Egyptians take great pride in hosting visitors
If invited to dinner remember to remove your shoes before entering the home or building
Usually, the male guest is seated to the right of the host
Do not go to dinner expecting alcohol
Drinking alcohol and eating pork are prohibited in the Muslim culture
Communication Verbal Communication: It is recommended to have a general grasp of the Arabic language when traveling to Egypt.
Knowing essential phrases and words will make the visit easier and more enjoyable Conversation: Egyptians tend to be jokers; while interacting: be weary of the jokes made, never make fun of Egypt or Egyptians
Recommended conversation topics: Egyptian achievements, Egyptian cotton, Sports (particularly soccer)
Avoid any topics regarding women and Israel Communication Key Words and Phrases to Know: Communication Acceptable Public Behavior and Behavior to Avoid: Egyptians speak much closer to each other than Americans and it is offensive for you to back up or to shy away
If an Egyptian man attempts to hold hands, accept it as a gesture of friendship
It is common for men in Egypt to walk hand in hand
Women should wait for an Egyptian man to extend his hand for a handshake and should not be surprised if he choses not to
The left hand is considered unclean to the Egyptians, always handle objects with your right hand unless the object is considered unclean
Avoid left hand gestures when speaking to an Arab man
Both feet should stay on the ground when sitting
Showing the bottom of your foot or the sole of your shoe is offensive
Avoid using the "thumbs-up" sign because it is offensive to Egyptians Bibliography Egypt
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