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petroleum and petrochemical technologies
Transcript of petroleum and petrochemical technologies
A Quote from Greatest Achievements
"If coal was king in the 19th century, oil was the undisputed emperor of the 20th. Refined forms of petroleum, or "rock oil," became—in quite literal terms—the fuel on which the 20th century ran, the lifeblood of its automobiles, aircraft, farm equipment, and industrial machines."
Series of Innovations
Then came the
internal combustion engine ran best on gasoline
, a byproduct of the process of extracting kerosene from crude oil.
Petroleum-based fuels transformed the world landscape as they increased:
provided the means for distributing industrial and farm products
furnished the personal mobility that defines 20th century technology.
demand grew for gasoline
to power not only cars
but also internal combustion engines of all kinds
, chemical engineers honing their refining techniques discovered a host of useful byproducts of crude—and the petrochemical industry was born.
had truly become
Edwin Drake , a retired railroad conductor struck oil in 1859 in Titus ville, Pennsylvania . The next 40 years (up to 1899) the primary interest in oil was as a source of
. At the beginning of the 20th century, refined oil was used primarily for lighting. This use was soon eclipsed by the needs of automobile and aircraft, making oil a more significant fuel than coal by 1920.
is a type of
kerosene as a fuel
. Kerosene lamps have a wick as light source, protected by a glass chimney or globe; lamps may be used on a table, or hand-held lanterns may used for portable lighting. There are three types of kerosene lamp: flat wick, central draught (tubular round wick), and mantle lamp.
The Original Invention