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Women in Afghanistan

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Corinne Babineau

on 9 March 2017

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Transcript of Women in Afghanistan

pur·dah
\'pər-də\ noun
Women In
Afghanistan

the practice among women in certain Muslim and Hindu societies of living in a separate room or behind a curtain, or of dressing in all-enveloping clothes, in order to stay out of the sight of men or strangers.
Traditionally
•Women are considered the property of their fathers or husbands
Gender Roles
The rights and roles of women in afghan societies historically and today.
Women In Afghanistan

Traditionally
Under the Taliban
Today
Burqa
bur·ka noun
Traditional Silk Weaving
43.1%
Women are expected to stay home and do housework/chores
The average number of children for an afghan woman is almost 7
A woman's social image is very fragile
It's a custom for women not to share their names with strangers
12.6
%
40%
6%
18%
50%
Girls with secondary school education are
6x less likely
to marry as children.
40%
Women's Contributions to the Workforce
On average, a girl with 7 years of education will marry
4 years later
and have fewer, healthier children.
For every extra year a girl stays in school, her income can increase by
10 to 20%
.
Bibliography
Women's education was considered unimportant and they were banned from going to school and working
Women weren't allowed to leave the house without a male relative
Women had to be wearing a burqa at all times
a long, loose garment covering the whole body from head to feet, worn in public by many Muslim women.
Most women were denied health care and couldn't see male doctors.
30-40% of women's health issues had to do with reproductive health.
Nearly half the deaths among afghan women aged 15 to 49 is during or because of childbirth.
Marriage
Healthcare Restrictions
Women do hold more powerful government positions, however most are illiterate and are excluded from many discussions about their own rights
The Sharia law says that a woman's testimony is worth only 1/2 of a man's
Upon determining custody of a child, they will usually go to their father or grandfather
•Daughters are often married off to settle their fathers' debt or to strengthen ties with another family. Poorer families will even sell their daughter's hand for large dowries from wealthy families
70%
•These women will have little to no say in whether or not they are married and their husbands are usually much older
A law passed in February of 2009 by President Karzai
women could only leave their homes for "legitimate" purposes

women are denied work or education without their husband's permission

marital rape is permitted

women have few rights to the custody of their child in the even of a divorce

wives can not inherit their husband's houses or land
"Life as an Afghan woman." Trust in Education. Trust in Education, 2015. Web. 07 Mar. 2017.Brady, Tara. "Free from the Taliban, how the women of Afghanistan are saving the silk weaving tradition that thrived for centuries before the oppression of religious zealots." Daily Mail Online. Associated Newspapers, 31 July 2014. Web. 07 Mar. 2017.Denker, Debra. "A Life Revealed." National Geographic June 1985: 772-97. Print."Education." UNICEF Afghanistan - Education - Basic education and gender equality. UNICEF, 2013. Web. 07 Mar. 2017.Mojumda, Aunohita. "AFGHANISTAN: Large families encouraged by culture as well as religion." Women News Network / WNN Global. Woman News Network, 29 May 2012. Web. 07 Mar. 2017.Newman, Cathy. "Afghan Girl: A Life Revealed." National Geographic Apr. 2002: n. pag. Print."Some of the restrictions imposed by Taliban in Afghanistan." Some of the restrictions imposed by Taliban in Afghanistan. Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan, 1997-2017. Web. 07 Mar. 2017."The girl Issue." The girl issue - Plan International Canada. Plan International, 2017. Web. 07 Mar. 2017."UNICEF: Afghanistan one of worst places in world to be pregnant." UNICEF: Afghanistan one of worst places in world to be pregnant. UNICEF, Nov. 2002. Web. 07 Mar. 2017."Women and Girls in Afghanistan." Razia's Ray of Hope. Razia's Ray of Hope, 2017. Web. 07 Mar. 2017.
Under the Taliban
•Women would be whipped in public if their ankles were uncovered
•Women who were accused of being unfaithful to their husbands would be stoned to death
•Rape and violence against women were common occurrences and were brutalized in the law
Today
•The legal age of marriage for women is 16, but a girl can be married at 15 with their father's consent
•Many marriages are not licensed, meaning that girls are still married before the legal age
•In 2007 alone, at least 184 cases of self-immolation were recorded by the Afghanistan Independent Human rights Commission
•87% of women in Afghanistan reported physical, sexual or psychological violence and 62% reported multiple forms
According to UNICEF in 2016, 33% of women in Afghanistan were married by age 18
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