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Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes

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Transcript of Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes

Diabetic ketoacidosis
Applications in medicine
Without enough insulin, your body begins to break down fat as an alternate fuel. This process produces a buildup of toxic acids in the bloodstream called ketones, eventually leading to diabetic ketoacidosis if untreated
Pros and cons
DKA is sometimes the first sign of type 1 diabetes in people who have not yet been diagnosed. It can also occur in someone who has already been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. Infection, injury, a serious illness, missing doses of insulin shots, or surgery can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis in people with type 1 diabetes.
Definition

Diabetic ketoacidosis is a life-threatening problem that affects people with diabetes. It occurs when the body cannot use sugar (glucose) as a fuel source because there is no insulin or not enough insulin. Fat is used for fuel instead.
When fat breaks down, waste products called ketones build up in the bod


conclusion
three stages of severity
• Mild: blood pH mildly decreased to between 7.25 and 7.30 (normal 7.35–7.45); serum bicarbonate decreased to 15–18 (normal above 20); the patient is alert
• Moderate: pH 7.00–7.25, bicarbonate 10–15, mild drowsiness may be present
• Severe: pH below 7.00, bicarbonate below 10, stupor or coma may occur

Common symptoms can include:

• Decreased alertness
• Deep, rapid breathing
• Dry skin and mouth
• Flushed face
• Headache
• Muscle stiffness or aches
• Stomach pain
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