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Informal Presidential Qualifications, Presidential Successio

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Jacqueline Mathers

on 15 November 2017

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Transcript of Informal Presidential Qualifications, Presidential Successio

Informal Presidential Qualifications, Presidential Succession, and the V.P.
Informal Qualification #2
Informal Qualification #3
Political Beliefs
Political parties
usually choose moderate candidates
since
moderates and independents usually decide elections.
Rarely will a party choose a party extremist.
Informal Qualifications #4
Personal Characteristics
Most have:
Been
Northern European in ancestry.
When considering all 45, most have
middle class backgrounds
...only a few poor (Lincoln, Eisenhower, Truman)....
White
, except for Obama.
ALL men
.
All protestant except for JFK
who was Catholic.
Presidential Succession
What happens if the president dies? Who takes over?
Informal Qualification #1
Government Experience
Unwritten but
important
.
All but 6 presidents since 1868
have had it (Ike and Trump being the most recent)
U.S. senators and state governors have had the most success at becoming president
in the
last 100 years
. (Exp. Obama=U.S. Senator, W. Bush=TX Governor, Clinton=AR Governor, Reagan=CA Governor, Carter=GA Governor, Nixon=U.S. Senate, LBJ=U.S. Senate, JFK= U.S. Senate...you get the picture!)
Plus, a previous government career
provides many of the necessary connections needed in order to get a nomination and run an effective campaign.

$ Money $
MUST have access to large amounts of $$$
...doesn't have to be theirs, could be donations.
Must pay for campaign
during the primaries vs. other party members and then vs. opposite party, television time, a website, Facebook and twitter ads, campaign staff, campaign consultants, and mailings.
There used to be a limit to how much a candidate could spend
but the
Supreme Court ruled in 2008 that use of one's money is in a sense freedom of expression and speech
so there cannot be a limit on it. Problems with this?
In the 2012 election, according to Politico.com, "
Obama: $1.123 billion vs. Romney: $1.019 billion
. That’s the final fundraising tally in the
most expensive presidential election ever
, according to reports filed with the Federal Election Commission."
8 presidents have died while in office
,
4 were assassinations.
After the most recent assassination of JFK in 1963, the nation realized we should probably have a clear definition of who takes over after the VP in case he/she dies, too.
In 1967, the states ratified the
25th amendment
which specifically
explains the order of presidential succession
.
What's the order?
1.
Vice President
2.
Speaker of the House
3
. President Pro Tempore of the Senate.
4
. Secretary of State
5
. Secretary of Treasury
6
. Secretary of Defense
7.
Attorney General (Justice)
8.
Secretary of Interior
9.
Secretary of Agriculture
10
. Secretary of Commerce
11.
Secretary of Labor
12
. Secretary of Health and Human Services
13
. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
14.
Secretary of Transportation
15
. Secretary of Energy
16
. Secretary of Education
17
. Secretary of Veteran Affairs
18
. Secretary of Homeland Security
WHY THAT ORDER???
It's the order in which they were created!
The 2nd part to the amendment
allows a president to appoint a new vice-president if the current one resigns or dies...with the approval of Senate
of course.

In the past, presidents would just not have a vice-president when this happened. In 1973,
Ford will be the first vice-president appointed because of this amendmen
t when Nixon gets the appointment approved after his former VP resigned.
The final part of the amendment
describes what would happen if the president were to become disabled.
V.P. becomes acting president if
1) president informs Congress of his inability to perform due to a temporary disability
(sick, shot, etc) or
2)if the majority of the Cabinet informs Congress that the president is disabled
(this would be done if the president was unconscious or unable/unwilling to do it himself, etc.)
President can resume his duties as soon as he informs Congress that he is able and no longer disabled
, however, the
majority of the Cabinet can contest that he is not ready yet and ask that the VP continue for up to 21 days.
After 21 days,
Congress can decide with a 2/3rds vote if they should continue with the VP or allow the president to return
to office.
The Vice President's Job
Constitutionally, the VP takes over if the president dies and is the president of the Senate with tie breaking powers.

However, as our country has grown, his/her role has been increasing.
The Modern VP
Today the VP...
S
pends very little time in the Senate
...too many duties under the president now.
Helps decide if the president is disabled
and can
take over if the majority of the Cabinet decides
this.
Acts as president if president is disabled
.
Workload and power
depends on the president.

Most president's today use their VP's to
help them gain support during election, to fill in for them in their role as Chief of State, and represent the president overseas and in foreign affairs when he cannot attend.
VPs also often
give speeches and try to get the president's views supported
by the people and Congress.
Ever since Walter Mondale, VPs have also been
part of the National Security Council
.
Al Gore was a very powerful VP under Clinton who was given power over elements of gov't organization and the environment. He also helped negotiate NAFTA.
Joe Biden, Obama's VP, is often sent to negotiate with the Senate and the House since he was a long time member of Congress.
http://elections.nytimes.com/2012/campaign-finance
https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/politics/2016-election/campaign-finance/

Informal Qualifications of President, Presidential Succession, and the V.P.
Full transcript