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The 5 Themes of Geography

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by

Brian Davidson

on 27 August 2013

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Transcript of The 5 Themes of Geography

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
The 5 Themes of Geography
Geography
Theme 1: Location
Continents, Countries, Cities &Street address
Cardinal Directions (N, S, E, W)
Latitude, Longitude,
Hemisphere
Theme 2: Place
The qualities that make one place different from another
Theme 3:
Human-Environment Interaction
How do people adapt to and change their environment?
Theme # 4:
Regions
Places which share at least one common feature
the study of the earth's surface, climate, continents, countries, peoples, industries, and products
geo (earth) + graph (write or draw)
Absolute Location
Given in degrees of LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE, or street address
Relative Location
depends on point of reference
described by landmarks, direction, time or distance
Vancouver, BC, Canada
about 11 hour flight from Incheon
East from here across the Pacific Ocean
Address: 17-4 Songdo-dong, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon, South Korea
37°23'58.32"N
126°38'39.93"E
Chadwick International:
Landforms
Mountains
Plains
Bodies of Water
Oceans
Seas
Lakes
Rivers
Ecosystems
Deserts
Rainforest
Plants
Animals
Human Characteristics
bridges, roads, highways
cities, buildings, architecture
culture, languages, beliefs
We depend on the environment
eg. People depend on rivers for water and transportation
We adapt to the environment
wearing appropriate clothing
develop sports based on the environment
eg. Skiing and Surfing!!!
We modify the environment
We change the landscape through our interactions with the land
positive and negative effects
Political Regions
Countries, States Cities
The common feature might be government
Culture
eg. A city may be divided into different ethnic regions
Climate
A country may have differnt climatic regions, or may be in it's own climatic region
Huh?
Geographers may define one place as being in more than one region
Theme 5: Movement
How are people and places linked?
Movement of People
Planes, Trains, Cars, Boats, Walking
Movement of Products
Movement of Information/Ideas
phones, computers, tv, radio, Internet, and.....physical travel!
BIG Movements
Tectonic Plates, Earths Rotation
Example:
Full transcript