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Week 8 Lesson 1: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution - the cult of Mao

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Liam Brooks

on 4 October 2017

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Transcript of Week 8 Lesson 1: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution - the cult of Mao

Week 8 Lesson 1: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution - The Cult of Mao.
.

Week 8 Lesson 1: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution - The Cult of Mao.

LI:
To understand the impact of the Cult of Mao on leadership struggles within the CCP and everyday life in the PRC.

SC:
Students will be able to explain the purpose, course, and impact of the Cult of Mao on the leadership of the CCP and everyday life in the PRC.

Recap: ‘Up to the Mountains and Down to the Countryside Movement’.
By 1967, Mao was firmly back in control of the PRC AND the CCP

His Red Guards has served there purpose, but now they were getting out of control.

Now that Mao was back in control, he did not want rampaging Red Guards and Rebel Red Guards disturbing his plans to rebuild Chinese socialism.

The schools were back up and running but did not operate well, as the best teachers had been killed, suicided or moved out.

Discipline had been totally undermined. Furthermore, many Red Guards realised that once they were back in school, they would become unimportant again. They became restless.
Recap: 'Up to the mountains and down to the countryside'
Overview of the cult of Mao
Activity: Reading and comprehension questions
Edrolo videos
***Watch 'The Little Red Book'

https://edrolo.com.au/s/163995/

***Then 'the Cult of Mao 1, 2 & 3'

https://edrolo.com.au/s/163996/
Key question to keep in mind:

Why did Lin Biao promote the cult of Mao?
'Obvious' reasons
'Less obvious' reasons
The Red Guard movement was dealt a death blow. The PLA moved into the campuses and leading Red Guard gangs were dispersed elsewhere.

So, under the pretext of having them learn from the peasants, these students were sent to remote villages to learn ‘grass roots’ politics.

For the remainder of the Cultural Revolution, over 12 million urban youth were sent up to the mountains or down to the villages.

Those from the most volatile cities were likely to be sent to remote border regions.

While some of these ‘sent down’ youth found the experience benign or even rewarding, others didn’t. Some females were forced to marry local men and never returned.
Key question to keep in mind:

Why did Lin Biao promote the cult of Mao?
'Obvious' reasons
'Less obvious' reasons
Lin Biao
replaced
Peng Dehuai
as Defence Minister after the showdown at the
Lushan Conference in 1959

Continued to be very loyal to Mao during his hiatus between 1959 and 1965

Instrumental in bringing Mao back into the spotlight during 1965-66 and the beginning of the
Cultural Revolution

Lin publishes
Quotations of Chairman Mao
(the Little Red Book) in September 1966.

However, before then he was exhorting the PLA and the people to follow the wisdom of ‘Mao Zedong Thought’.
1. Working individually.

2. Read the short text on
pp.208-09 of the Sowdon textbook
and answer the following comprehension questions (1-3 lines).

- What was Lin Biao's official position and how did he get it in the first place?

- What changes did Lin make in the PLA?

- What was the new slogan for Mao that Lin created?

- What were some daily features of the cult of Mao?

3. We have 10 minutes.

4. Class discussion to follow.
1. Working in pairs.
2. Discuss the question.
3. We have 3 minutes.
4. Then each pair will report back to the class.
1. Working in pairs.

2. Identify and explain:
A strength of this source (i.e. something important that it shows about the cult of Mao)
A weakness of this source (i.e. something important that it largely overlooks or ignores completely)


3. We have 5 minutes.

4. Each pair will report back to the group.
Full transcript