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Three Schools of Thought in China
Transcript of Three Schools of Thought in China
By: Tony Alexander and Alec Miron
Confucius was a philosopher and brilliant Scholar. He lived in the late Zhou dynasty when war raged across China. He was born into a noble but poor family.
He thought that harmony resulted when people accepted their place in society. There were five key relationships that he stressed. They were father to son, elder brother to younger brother, husband to wife, ruler to subject, and friend to friend. Confucius believed that none of these relationships were equal. One of the biggest rules was respecting parents.
Effects on Chinese:
Many Chinese rulers based their government on Confucian. Respecting ancestor was another custom that came from this. Many people began taking customs on from Confucianism such as the countries of Japan, Korea, and Vietnam
Founder: Han Feizi
Han Feizi is another Philosopher. He died in 233 B.C. He committed suicide by drinking poison because he was accused of committing a crime.
Nobody knows much about him, but we do know he wrote the book "The Way of Virtue". This book was a big influence on Chinese life.
Children respecting their parents
Han Feizi believed that the best way
to rule was through power instead of
goodness. "The only way to achieve order is through strict laws and harsh punishment," he said.
Effect on China:
The biggest effect on China was in 221 B.C. The Qin emperor followed this strict religion so closely that later rulers despised this religion.
They sought to live life in harmony with nature. The main goal in life was to find your Dao or "the way". They believed the best government was the one that governed the least amount of people. This religion was polytheistic.
Effects on Chinese:
Daoism caused many advances in technology and sciences because of alchemy. They were trying to create gold out of ordinary metals. They created medicine accidentally in their experiments. They also created gunpowder which was used to scare ghosts. Daoism in all was meant to influence the view of the natural world.